Deen ka sacha ‘ilm kya hai?? -(Iss deen k ‘ulama kaun hain??)

Islam ka ‘ilm hummey Quran aur sunnat sey milta hai. In dono sey hummey dou qism k ‘ilm haasil hotey hai. Aik ilm jo key ghaib hai (qiyaamat ka ‘ilm, etc.) aur dusra woh jo hummey nazar aa sakta hai (namaz ka tareeqa, etc.). ‘ilm-e-ghaib ka aik hissa woh hai jo key qiyamat k din hoga aur woh baaqi cheezain jo maut key baad houn gi. ‘ibaadat key ‘amli kaam, tijaarat ka ma’mla, aur baaki Suhbati ta’aluq; yeh sub ‘ilm ki dusri qism, yaani woh cheezain jo abhi humarey saamney maujood hain, uska hissa hain.   

Aur inn sub ki bunyaad hamaraa eeman hai; aur Allaah سبحانه و تعالى pey eeman rakhna, USKI bandagi kerna aur USKI hur huqm pey amul kerna. Aur yeh sub kernay ki taa’qut aur qu’att humey issi ‘ilm-e-ghaib sey milti hai, jo hummey Allaah سبحانه و تعالى  aur Uskey nabi صلى الله عليه و سلم sey milti hai, aur inhi dou (2) cheezoun sey hummey is ‘ilm pey amul kernay ki himmat milti hai.

Rasool صلى الله عليه و سلم ney hummey khud bahut saari cheezain bataayi hain jo key ‘ilm-e-ghaib mein shaamil hain, aisi cheezain jo unki zindagi mein hui aur kuch aisi jo unkey zindagi key baad houngi. Yeh ‘ilm ka woh hissa hai jo hummey rasool صلى الله عليه و سلم  sey milti hai.

Humney ab ‘ilm ka sahi matlab bata diya hai aur baaqi baatoun mein hum yeh batayein gey kay ‘ilm ka darja kiya hai aur kiya darja hai ‘ulamaoun ka taakey hum yeh achi tareekay sey jaan sakein k sachey ‘ulama kaun hain?

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‘ilm ki ta’reef (“Is deen kay ‘ulama kahun hain?”)

Shaikh حفظه الله  ney shoruaat ki ‘ilm ki taareef sey. Arabi zabaan mein iska matlab hota hai ‘samajh’ ya ‘jaan-na’ aur shariyat key hawaaley sey iska matlab hai: “Islam key deen ko uski saboot key saath jaan-na”.

Aur meray (shaikh) ‘ilm key mutaabiq subsey acha ‘ilm ka ta’urruf woh hai jo al-haafidh Ibn Rajab رحمه الله ney apni kitaab, “Salaf ka ‘ilm khalaf k ‘ilm sey behtar hai” mein kahan key ”  ‘ilm aik nur hai, jo dil mein samaata hai. Iskey saath gulaam sach ko samajhta hai, aur issi nur k saath woh huq aur baatil mein tafreeq kerta hai, aur iss nur ko woh mukhtasir alfazoun mein logoun tak pohonchaata hai taakey jo bhi maqsad hai woh pura ho sakey”.

“Nur hai, jo dil mein samaata hai” ka matlab rohaani fezaan sey nahi aur na to iska matlab yeh hai key koi banda/bandi soney k baad uthey aur ussey yeh lagey key ‘ilm uskey dil mein samaa gaya hai. Balkey iska sacha matlab yeh hai key yeh nur sirf usko milta hai jo key beintiha ‘ilm haasil kerta hai aur apney aap ko ibaadat ki raah mein masroof rakhta hai. Uskey dil mein aik bahut badi khuwaahish hoti hai key wo Rasoolallah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) ki payrawi karey aur jo ‘ilm usney haasil kiya hai, uspey woh pura amal karey aur dusroun ko sikhaye. Yeh Allah ki rah mein aik bahut bada muqaam hai. To jub bhi koi ghulam yeh muqaam haasil kerta hai, Allaah سبحانه و تعالى us bandey/bandi key dil mein quran aur sunnat ki samajh daal detay hain aur usko unmein shumaar kertay hain, jinkey paas samajh ho.

Ta’aruf- “Is deen kay ‘ulama kaun hain?”

Humarey Shaikh 

Shaykh al-Allamah Ahmed Muhammed Uthman Al-Munayee (Allah inki hifaazat karey) is waqt k ‘ulamoun k beech mein kaafi mashoor hain aur Allah ki wahdaniat aur rasool ki sunnat e taraf bulaney ke lieey bohot mustaid hain. Yeh beintiha masroof rehtay hain, aur Islam aur Imaam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhaab رحمه الله k daawey k baarey mein jo jo ghalat fehmiya hain, unko dour kernay ki inki koshishein beintiha hain.  Hum inkey badey shukurmund hain k itney masroof honey k bawajood unho ney humarey liye waqt nikaala. Aur hum Allaah سبحانه و تعالى sey yeh dua kertay hain k inko iska bahut sawaab dein aur Allah barkat naazil farmaye inki koshishoun aur inkey ‘ilm pey.

Shaikh ka ta’aruf is mouzou per

Shaikh ney shourou kiya Allah key naam sey aur Uski taareef sey aur phir Huzoor صلى الله عليه و سلم ,  unkey khandaan, unkey sahaabiyoun, aur hur woh shaqz jo unhein achaayi mein follow karey, in sub pey shaikh ney salaam aur salaah bheji. Phir unho ney kaha k unko is baat ki bahut khushi hai kay woh is mehfil mein apney bhayyoun aur bhenoun k saath shareekh ho sakey. Phir Shaikh Al-Munayee ney is baat ki tasleem ki kay shaikh Zahid (jinho ney shaikh ki introduction ki thi) ney jin cheezoun sey inki taareef ki hai, woh us cheez kay layik nahi hain, aur phir yeh kaha k beshuk mein (shaikh Al-Munayee) sirf aik taalib-e-ilm houn.

Phir shaikh ney kaha kay inshallah aaj woh is beintiha zaroori mouzou pey baat karey gein: “Islam k ‘Aalim kaun hain? aur kinsey hummey ‘ilm haasil kerna chahiy?”

(Shaikh ki kahi hui speech inshallah next post sey shouroun karoun ga.)

“Islam kay sachey ‘Ulama kaun hain?”- is topic ki waja meray mutaabiq

Assalamoalaikum bhaayoun aur bhenoun,

Inshalllah, mera naya project is aik sawaal ka jawaab denay ki koshish karey ga jo key beintiha zaroori hai, aik aisa sawaal jo key shayid hur musalmaan aaj kal phoochta hai.  Jab bhi koi dou musalmanoun mein ikhtalaaf kissi deeni cheez pey hota hai, to Quran wa’jey hummey yeh batata hai k us maamley ko Quran aur Sunnat k paas waapis lei ker jao taakey tumhey uska hul miley. Allah ‘taala farmaatey hain Quran majeed mein,

“Aei iman waaloun! farmaan-bardari  karo Allah ta’ala ki aur farmaan-bardari karo rasool (sal-Allahu-alaihi-wasallam) ki aur tum mein sei ikhtiyaar waloun ki. Phir agar kisi cheez mein ikhtilaaf karo to ussey lawtaou Allah ta’ala ki taraf aur rasool ki taraf, agar tumhey Allah ta’ala pur aur qiyaamat k din pur imaan hai, yeh bahut behtar hai aur ba’itebaar anjaam key bahut acha hai (surah nisaah, ayah 59)”

To phir is ayah sey yeh waazey hai k agar hum logoun mein koi ikhtilaaf ho to hum Quran aur Sunnat ki madud haasil karein.  Aur yeh baat bhi bahut waazey hai k hum jaisey logoun k paas itna ‘ilm nahi k yeh kaam khud ker sakein, to phir hum pey yeh laazim hota hai k hum unlogoun sey madud lein k jinkey paas yeh ‘ilm hai, kiyoun key Allah ney rasool (sal-Allahu-alaihi-wasallam) ko bhi huqm diya tha, k ager tum (muhammed) nahi jaantey to phir unsey poocho jo jaantey hain. Allah (az’ajawal) farmatey hain,

“Tujhsey (Muhammad) pehley bhi jitney pegambur hum ney bhejay sab hi murd thei jinki taraf hum wahi utaar tey thei, pus tum ahle-kitaab sey phooch lo agar khud tumhey ‘ilm na ho (surah anbiya-ayah 7)”

To ab humein yeh pata hai k ikhtilaaf k dowrein(during) hummey Quran aur Sunnat sey madad leni hai aur agar hum ‘ilm nahi rakhtey to unsey phoochna hai jo yeh ‘ilm (shariyat ka ‘ilm) jaantey hain, aur issi jaga subsey ziyada muskilaat hotin hain. Is ummat mein aaj kal itney firqeh aur itney ikhtilifaat ho gaye hain k dono jamaatoun ko aik ‘ulama pey rujou kerna na-mumkin sa hogaya hai. Aur theek yehi problem ka hul dhoondney k liye menay yeh project kernay ka socha hai, aur inshallah hum apney maqsad mein qamyaab hongey kiyoun k hamari niyatein saaf hain. Aur fikr karney ki zaroorat nahi kiyoun key mein apni taraf sey kuch nahi boloun ga kiyoun k abhi humney yeh teh kiya hai k meray paas ilm k dariya ka aik boond bhi nahi.

Aakhir mein bus itna kehna chahoun ga, key hummey yeh maloom kerna k “kaun hain woh sachey ‘Ulama?” beintiha zaroori hai taakey hum unsey seekh sakhein sacha islam aur jo seekha hai uspey amal ker sakein, inshallah.  Is silsilay mein, inshallah, mein kaafi posts karoun ga kiyoun aik lamba posts sey acha hai k iss badey topic ko chotey hissoun mein baath ker pesh kiya jaye. Inshallah chotein hissey hongey:  “Ta’aruf”, ” ‘ilm ka matlab”, “shariyat ka ‘ilm”, ” ‘ilm ka fayida aur ahmiyat”, ” ‘Ulamayoun ka darja”, “…………….., aur aakhri “Woh log jinsey hummein ‘ilm lena chahiye”

Mein Allah sey duah kerta houn k woh humko ikhlas dei taakey yeh saara kaam hum sirf USSI k liye ker sakein aur yeh duah kerta houn k WOH is koshish ko aik zariya bana dei k jissey hum USKEY qareeb aa sakein.

AMEEN

AQEEDAH: purey deen ki bunyaad, uski ahmiyat aur uski wazahat

‘Aqeedah, agar hum sirf lafz kay matlab pey ghour karein:

Aqeedah aata hai al-‘aqd sai jiska matlab hai “kissi cheez ka judna”

‘Aqeedah woh cheez hai jo k insaan deen kay taur per apnata hai. Jab kaha jaata hai k “is bandey ka Aqeedah acha hai”, iska matlab k usko apney deen pey koi shak nahi.

‘Aqeedah ka ta’luq dil sey hai kiyoun key kissi bhi cheez ka imaan dil mein hota hai aur us imaan ka yaqeen bhi dil mein hi hota hai.

Aqeedah ka matlab shariat k hawaaley sey: 

 iska matlab hai k aap imaan layein Allah pey, Uskey farishtoun pey, Uski kitaboun pey, Uski nabiyoun pey, Qiyamat k din pey, aur imaan layein Qadr pey, bura aur acha. Aur inko kehtey hai iman-e-mufassil.

Shariyat k dou(2) hissay hain: imaan aur afa’al

Jahan tak imaan ki baat hai: Yeh woh cheezain hain jo k fayl sey koi ma’ney nahi rakhti, jaisay k Allah ki Khudayi pey imaan lana aur yeh zimedaari qabool kerna k Ussi ki Ibaadat kerni hai, aur imaan laana un baqi  mazmoonoun pey jo abhi bataye gaye thei (in cheezoun k liye koyi fayl ya jismaani harkat ki zaroorat nahi).  Inhey (In cheezoun ko) (deen ki) bunyaad kaha jaata hai.

Jahan tak afa’al ki baat hai: Yeh woh cheezain hain jinko kernay ka aik khusoosi tareeqa hota hai jaisey kay namaaz, zakaat, roza rakhna, aur baaqi shariyaat mein diye afa’al. Inhey (In cheezoun ko) (deen ki) Shaakhein kaha jaata hai kiyoun k yeh bani jaati hain us imaan pey jo key deen ki bunyaad hai, chahey woh buniyaad sahi ho ya ghalat.

To sahi ‘aqeedah aik aisa buniyaadi kaam hai k jispey pura deen banta hai aur afa’al uskey saath chaltey hain jaisay kay Allah ta’ala fermaatey hain Quran mein, “to jissey bhi apney perwardigaar sey milnay ki aarzoo ho ussey chahiye kay neik ‘aamaal karey aur apney perwardigaaar ki ‘Ibaadat mein kissi ko bhi shareek na karey.”[1]

Aur Woh kehta hai, “Yaqeenan, teri taraf bhi aur tujhsey pehley (key tamaam nabiyoun) ki taraf bhi wahi ki gayi hai kei agar tuney shirk kiya to bila-shuba tera ‘aamaal zaaya ho jaye ga aur bil-yaqeen tu ziyakaroun mein sey ho jaye ga.“[2]

Yeh aayaat aur baaqi aayat jinka matlab aik jaisa hai, aur aisi aayat beintiha hain, nishaandahi kerti hain k aa’maal us waqt tak qabool nahi kiye jayein gei jubtuk wo shirk sey saaf ho. Issi wajah sey Allah ka hur nabi, sub sey pehlay apney logoun ka  aqeedah saaf kerta tha aur woh jaanta tha k yeh subsey ziada ahem cheez hai.

To yeh waazey hai k woh sabsey pehley logoun ko Allah ki ‘ibaadat ki tarhaf bulaatey thei aur unko doosrey cheezoun ki ibaadat sey mana kertay thei, jaisay key Allah quran mein pesh kertay hain, “Hum ney hur ummat(basti, waadiyaan) mein rasool bheja key (logoun!) Sirf Allah ki ‘ibaadat karo aur uskey siwa tamaam ma’abodoun sey bacho.“[3]

Hur pegamber ney apney logoun ko sabsey pehli cheez yehi batayi thi k :” Tum Allah ki ‘ibaadat karo, usskey siwa koi tumhaara ma’bood nahi(Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah: Allah k siwa aur koi ma’bood nahi)”.[4]

Nuh, Hud, Saalih, Shu’ayb, aur baaki jitney bhi nabi thei un sub ney apni qaum ko yehi bola.

Rasool-Allah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) Makkah mein tera (13) saal tak sirf logoun ko Tawheed ki taraf bulatey rahey aur unka aqeedah sahi kertay rahey kiyoun key yeh humaarey deen ki buniyaad hai jis par pura deen kharha hai. Har zamaney mein da’ai aur mujaddedeen Ambiah aur rasooloun ke pegham ko zinda kertey rahey hain. Unho ney bhi apni dawat ka aaghaaz Tawheed aur sahi aqeedah sey kiya, aur phir uskey baad unho ney Islam ki doosri cheezoun ko apni tawajjo di.
FootNote
1 Al-Kahf – 110
2 Al-Zumr – 65
3 An-Nahl – 36
4 Al-‘Araaf – 59, 65, 73, 85

Mein kiyoun padhoun Allah ka sacha deen?

Mein kiyoun padhoun? 

Bahut saaloun pehley, Uzbekistan mein aik andha bacha paida hua. Us bachey ki ammi aik muminaa theen aur usko hamesha Allah pey bharosa tha k Wohi Aik hai jo uskey bachey ki aankh ki roshni waapis lauta sakta hai. Us maa ney bahut duayein karin apney betay ki aankhoun ki roshni k liye, aur beshak kuch saaloun baad us bachey ko uski aankhen waapis mil gayein.

Woh maan widwaa ho chuki thi, aur uska bacha anaath. Woh apney bachey ko lekar chali gayi Makkah taakey uska beta islami taaleem haasil kersakey. Usney jiddo-jehd kerkay apney bachey ko ulamayoun ka halaqaat mein shaamil kerwaya, aur uni halqayoun mein us bachey ney hadeeth ki science mein kamyaabi haasil kari. Us bachey ney bahut dur dur jaa ker Allah key Rasool (salallahu-alaihi-wasallam) ki hadeethoun ko dhooonda. Koi bhi hadeeth ko apnaney sey pehley woh hamesha 2-rikat nafil padhta tha. Uski maa ney uska naam Muhammad ibn Is’mail rakha. Aur hum is bachey ko inhin hadeethoun, aur unpey jo kitabein usney likhi, uski waja sey jaantey hain. Aur is bachey ney woh kitaab likhi jo Quran key baad hamaari aankhoun mein sabsey saheeh hai, aur us kitaab ka naam hai Saheeh Al-Imam Al-Bukhari!

Aik aur jagaa, aik aur waqt mein; Baghdad ki thandi huwayein aik aur bachey ko neend sey utha deti theen. Fajr sey bahut pehley, uski maa us bachey ko garam shawl mein lapeit ker usko raat ke andherey mein masjid tak lei ker jaati thi taakey woh sahi salaamat masjid tak pohonch jaye. Fajr key baad woh bacha us zamaney ka subsey badey ulemaoun ko hadeethein sunata tha. Phir, jub sooraj ki roshni kaafi waazey ho jati thi to woh maa apney betay ko masjid k bahir milti thi aur phir dono saath ghar jaatey thei. Woh aik bahut hi mazboot aurat thi, ismey koi shak nahi, kiyoun key uski jiddo-jehd sey uska bacha muslim ummat ka aik bahut bada imaam bana. Aik aisa imaam jiska naam tha Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

Meray piyaarey bhaiyoun aur bhenoun, hummein kiyoun koshish kerni chahiye k hum in dono mashoor Islam key sitaroun ki raah per chalein? Kiyoun key jo ‘ilm aap inshallah haasil karein gey woh ‘ilm bahut anokha hai. Yeh ‘ilm hai Allah ki shariyat ka aur yeh jaidaad hai Uskey nabi (salallahu-alaihi-wasallam) ki. Aur yeh humaara farz hai k hum is jaidaad ko mehfooz aur hur burayi sey dur rakhein, lekin yeh us waqt tak na-mumkin hai jub tak hummey aisey sanjeeda bhai aur bhenain na milein jo din raat ‘ilm haasil kerain.  Aur yeh ‘ilm ka matlab hai ussey padhna, ussey samajhna, aur phir ussey doosroun ko sikhaana.

Aye Allah hum logoun ko unmein shaamil kar jinkey paas ikhlaas hai, aur woh jo is deen ki hifaazat kertay hain aur jo huzoor ki jaidaad(shariyat ka ‘ilm) ko haasil kertay hain, ameen!

Written by: Ilm Seeker

Source: Manaaqib Ahmad, by Ibn Al-Jawzee

Transliterated into urdu: Sarmad Abedin

Ahle-Sunnat ka AQEEDAH (aqeedah sey zaroori kuch bhi nahi…)

Ahle-Sunnat aur Jamaah kay aqeeday ki aik bahut khoobsurat explanation. Maanta houn k todhi lambi hai lekin Allah ka deen ka ‘ilm bagher jiddo-jehd k nahi mil sakta. Meri Allah sey yeh duah hai k aap logoun ko sabr aur samajh dei takey aap yeh padh sakein aur samajh sakey. aur phir samajhney k baad ispey amul ker sakein. Allah aap ki koshish ko qabool karey aur aap ki niyaat ko saaaf…..ameen….
Ahle-Sunnat ka Aqeedah!!