The Muslim’s Creed in Q&A format…..

The Muslim’s Creed

Question No.1
Why has Allaah created us?

Answer
To worship Him alone and to worship no other besides Him.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And I have not created Jinn and human beings except they should worship Me}, {Soorah adh-Dhaariyaat, Aayah 56]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The right of Allaah upon slaves is to worship Him and not to associate partners with Him)), Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.2
How should we worship Allaah?

Answer
As Allaah and His Messenger commanded us.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him alone}, {Soorah al-Bayyinah, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever does any deed (in religion) which our matter in not in accordance with, it will not be accepted)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.3
Should we worship Allaah with fear and hope?

Answer
Yes, we worship Him with fear and hope.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And invoke Him with fear and hope}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 56]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I beseech Allaah to grant me Paradise and I seek refuge in Him from Hellfire)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.4
What is Ihsaan (perfection in worship)?

Answer
Ihsaan is to be conscious that Allaah sees us during worship.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Who sees you (O Muhammad) when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajjud prayer)}, {Soorah ash-Shu’araa, Aayah‘s 218]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Ihsaan is to worship Allaah as if you are seeing Him, yet truly He is seeing you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.5
Why did Allaah send the Messengers?

Answer
To call mankind to His worship and to reject the worship of anything besides Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And verily We have sent among every nation a Messenger (proclaiming) worship Allaah alone and avoid Taaghoot (false deities)}, {Soorah an-Nahl, Aayah 36]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The prophets are brothers and their faith is one)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.6
What is meant by (Tawheed) oneness of Allaah?

Answer
It means devoting worship to him alone like supplication, vow, judgment.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{So know (O Muhammad) that there is no God except Allaah}, {Soorah Muhammad, Aayah 19]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Let the first thing you invite them to do is to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.7
What is the meaning of there is no God but Allaah?

Answer
It means there is no deity that truly deserves to be worshipped except Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{That is because Allaah, He is the truth and that is which they invoke besides Him is al-Baatil (falsehood, Satan, and all other deities)}, {Soorah al-Hajj, Aayah 62]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever says there is no God except Allaah and rejects whatever is worshipped besides Allaah, his property and blood become sacrosanct and his reckoning with Allaah , the Mighty and Exalted)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.8
What is meant by oneness of names and attributes of Allaah?

Answer
To confirm the names and attributes as Allaah described them in His Book and as His Messenger described them in authentic Sunnah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{There is nothing like unto Him and His the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}, {Soorah ash-Shooraa, Aayah 11]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah descends each night to the first heaven)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.9
What is the benefit of monotheism (oneness of Allaah) to the Muslim?

Answer
Right guidance in this world and salvation from eternal punishment in the Hereafter.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{It is those who believe (in oneness of Allaah) and confuse not their belief with Thulm (wrong) by worshipping others besides Allaah) for them (only) there is security and they are guided}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 82]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The right of worshippers upon Allaah is that He will not punish those who worship none beside Him)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.10
Where is Allaah?

Answer
Allaah is over the Throne which is above the seven heavens.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{ar-Rahmaan (The Merciful) Istawaa (rose over) the Throne}, {Soorah Taa Haa, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah wrote out in a book with Him over the throne that His Mercy preceded His Wrath)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.11
Is Allaah with us by His entity or knowledge?

Answer
Allaah with us by His knowledge, He hears and sees us.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{He (Allaah) said: Fear not, verily I am with you both, Hearing and Seeing}, {Soorah Taa Haa, Aayah 46]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((You call upon the one Who hears, Who is near and is with you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.12
What is the greatest sin with Allaah?

Answer
It is the major Shirk (polytheism).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily whoever sets partners with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden paradise for him and the Fire will be his abode}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 72]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The Prophet was asked : what is the greater sin , he said: To ascribe partners to Allaah even though he created you)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.13
What is the major shirk (polytheism)?

Answer
It is to devote any forms of worship to one other than Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily Allaah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him in worship, but He forgives except that to whom He pleases}, {Soorah an-Nisaa., Aayah 48]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The greatest sins are polytheism etc.)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.14
What is the harm of major shirk?

Answer
The reason for eternity in Hellfire.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily whoever assigns partners (commits Shirk) to Allaah, Allaah makes it impermissible for him to enter al-Jannah}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 72]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever died while joining partners with Allaah (commits Shirk) enters Hellfire)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.15
Are good deeds of any benefit to one who worships others besides Allaah?

Answer
No, good deeds are of no benefit to those who worship others besides Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But if they had joined in worship others with Allaah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 88]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Who ever does any deed in which he associates partners with Me, I reject him and his Shirk)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.16
Does Shirk exist among Muslims today?

Answer
Yes, it does exist.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And most of them believe not in Allaah except that they attribute partners (unto Him)}, {Soorah Yoosuf, Aayah 106]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The doom Day will not occur until some tribes of my Ummah (Islaamic nation) have joined the idolaters and they will even worship idols)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.17
What is ruling concerning praying (supplicating) to other than Allaah like the dead?

Answer
Praying to them is a major Shirk.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Invoke not with Allaah another ilaah (God) Lest you be among those who receive punishment}, {Soorah ash-Shu’araa, Aayah 213]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever dies having called upon partners besides Allaah shall enter Hellfire)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.18
Is supplication a form of worship?

Answer
Yes, supplication is worship.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And your Lord said: Invoke Me, I will respond to your invocation}, {Soorah Ghaafir, Aayah 60]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Supplication is worship)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.19
Do dead hear our supplication?

Answer
No, they do not hear.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But you can not make hear those who are in graves}, {Soorah Faatir, Aayah 22]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah Has assigned angels to inform me of my nation salutation)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.20
Do we seek help from those who are dead, or from those who are not present?

Answer
No we do not seek help from, we rather seek help from Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Remember when you sought help of your Lord, and He answered you}, {Soorah al-Anfaal, Aayah 9]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((O Ever-Living, Self-Subsistent, upon Him all subsist, I seek help through Your Mercy)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.21
Is it permitted to seek help from any other besides Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{You (alone) we worship and you (alone) we ask for help}, {Soorah al-Faatihah, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((If you ask, ask of Allaah, if you seek help seek help of Allaah)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.22
May seek help from the living?

Answer
Yes, in the matters in which they are able to help.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Help one another in al-Birr and at-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness)}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 2]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah helps the worshipper as long as the worshipper helps his brother)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.23
Is it allowed to make vows to other than Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not allowed to swear oaths except in Allaah’s Name.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O my Lord I have vowed to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services}, {Soorah Aal-‘Imraan, Aayah 35]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever vows to obey Allaah should obey Him, and whoever vows to disobey Him should not disobey Him)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.24
Is it allowed to sacrifice in any name besides Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)}, {Soorah al-Kowthar, Aayah 2]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah curses whoever sacrifices and slaughters in any name other than Allaah)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.25
Is it permitted to circumambulate the graves of pious men?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’bah in Makkah)}, {Soorah al-Hajj, Aayah 29]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever circumambulate the House (Ka’bah) seven times and prays two rak’ah)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Question No.26
Is it allowed to pray while the grave is in front of you?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{So turn your face in the direction of al-Masjid al-Haraam}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 144]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Don‘t sit on the graves and do not pray towards them)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.27
What is the ruling in Islaam concerning the practice of sihr (black magic/sorcery)?

Answer
The practice of sihr is considered an act of disbelief.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But the Devils disbelieved, teaching men sihr (magic and such things)}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 102]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Avoid seven destroyers: Shirk, sihr…)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.28
Should we believe the claims of fortunetellers and soothsayers?

Answer
No, we should not believe them.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (unseen)}, {Soorah an-Naml, Aayah 65]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever goes to a fortuneteller or soothsayer, and believe what they say, has disbelieved in what has been revealed to Muhammad)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.29
Does any one have the knowledge of the (unseen)?

Answer
No one but Allaah alone has the knowledge of the unseen.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And with Him are the keys of Ghayb (unseen), none knows them but He}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 59]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((No one has the knowledge of the unseen except Allaah)), [Transmitted by at-Tabaraanee]


Question No.30
By what sources do the Muslims govern?

Answer
Muslims govern by laws laid down in the Qur.aan and authentic Ahadeeth.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And so judge (you O Muhammad) between them by what Allaah has revealed}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 49]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah is the judge and to whom is the return)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.31
What is the ruling in Islaam concerning applying non – Islaamic laws?

Answer
It is an act of disbelief.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, such are the disbelievers}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((When the leaders do not rule by Allaah’s Book (Qur.aan) and choose the good from that which Allaah has revealed, Allaah will cause conflict among them)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Question No.32
Is it permitted to swear by other than Allaah’s Name?

Answer
No, it is not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: Yes! By my Lord you will certainly be resurrected}, {Soorah at-Taghaabun, Aayah 7]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever swears by anyone other than Allaah, has associated partners with Allaah)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.33
Should we wear good luck charms (like amulets or talismans)?

Answer
No, we should not wear them.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if Allaah touches you with harm none can remove it but He}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 17]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever wears an amulet has committed Shirk)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.34
Through what may we seek intercession with Allaah?

Answer
By His Names and Attributes.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And (all ) the most beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 180]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I ask you by all your names, with which you wave named your self)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.35
Does any supplication to Allaah require a human intermediary?

Answer
No, prayer does not require a human intermediary.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And when my slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then I am indeed near (to them by My knowledge)}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 186]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((You pray to the one who hears all and He is near and He is with you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.36
What is the mediation (waasitah) of the Messenger?

Answer
The mediation of the Messenger is the transmission of Allaah’s Message.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O Messenger (Muhammad) proclaim what has been sent down to you from your Lord}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 67]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Oh Allaah, have I proclaimed your message? Oh Allaah bear witness. (In response to the statement of the Sahaabah, “Indeed, we bear witness that you have proclaimed the message.”))), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.37
From whom may we seek the Messenger’s intercession?

Answer
From Allaah alone.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: To Allaah belongs all intercession}, {Soorah az-Zumar, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Oh Allaah grant to him (the Prophet) intercession for me)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.38
How do we demonstrate our love for Allaah and his Messenger?

Answer
By obeying and following their commands.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say (O Muhammad to mankind) if you really love Allaah then follow me, Allaah will love you}, {Soorah Aal-‘Imraan, Aayah 31]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((None of you have perfect faith until you love me more than your parents, children, and all mankind)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.39
Should we be excessive in our praise for the Messenger?

Answer
No, we should not be excessive in our praise to him.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your god is one ilaah (Allaah)}, {Soorah al-Kahf, Aayah 110]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Do not exaggerate in praising me, I am only a slave. So say Allaah’s slave and Messenger)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.40
Who were the first creation?

Answer
From human being was Adam and from things was the pen.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Remember when your Lord said to the angels truly I am going to create man from clay}, {Soorah Sa’d, Aayah 71]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The first thing created by Allaah was the pen)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee and Abu Daawood]


Question No.41
From what was Prophet Muhammad created?

Answer
He was created from Nutfah (drops of semen – male and female discharges).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{It is He Who created you (Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah}, {Soorah Ghaafir, Aayah 67]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((In every one of you, all components are created together in your mother’s womb by 40 days)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.42
What is the status of jihad for the sake of Allaah in Islaam?

Answer
It is obligatory with lives, wealth and speech.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{March forth , whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor) strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the cause of Allaah}, {Soorah at-Towbah, Aayah 41]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Fight against the polytheisms with your wealth, lives and speech)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.43
What is Walaa (friendship and loyalty)?

Answer
Walaa (friendship and loyalty) is love and help of the faithful believers.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{The believers men and women are Awliyaa (helpers, supporters friends and protectors) of one another}, {Soorah at-Towbah, Aayah 71]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The faithful believers are as a brick structure, each supporting the other)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.44
Is seeking the friendship and help of disbelievers permitted?

Answer
No, it s not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if any amongst you take them as Auliyaa then surely he is one of them}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 51]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The people of such and such clan are not my supporters (Awliyaa))), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.45
Who is Walee (friend)?

Answer
A Walee is a true believer, who fears Allaah very much.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily, Awliyaa of Allaah no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve}, {Soorah Yoonus, Aayah‘s 62-63]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((My only Walee is Allaah then the most pious among the true believers)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.46
Why did Allaah reveal the Qur.aan?

Answer
So as to apply it to our daily life.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Follow what has been sent down to you from your Lord}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 3]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Read Qur.aan and apply it, do not make your living from it)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.47
Is the Qur.aan alone sufficient for us without the Hadeeth (statements, actions, tacit approvals of the Prophet)?

Answer
No, it is not sufficient.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And We have sent down unto you (O Muhammad ) the reminder and the advice (the Qur.aan) that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought}, {Soorah an-Nahl, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Indeed I have been given Qur.aan and along with it that which is like it)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.48
Should we give priority to other opinions over the Word of Allaah and His Messengers?

Answer
No, we should not.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Oh you who believe, do not be forward (hasten not to decide) in the presence of Allaah and His Messenger}, {Soorah al-Hujuraat, Aayah 1]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((There is no obedience to the creatures if it means disobeying the Creator)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.49
What should we do if we differ in the religious matters?

Answer
We should refer to holy Qur.aan and authentic Sunnah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if you differ in any thing amongst yourselves, refer back to Allaah and His Messenger}, {Soorah an-Nisaa., Aayah 59]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I am leaving two things with you, you will never go astray if you hold fast to them, and they are Allaah’s Book and the Sunnah)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.50
What is (al-bid’ah) innovation in religion?

Answer
It is any thing not based on evidence from Islaamic law.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Or have they partners with Allaah who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed?}, {Soorah ash-Shooraa, Aayah 21]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever adds something new in our matter (Islaam), it will not be accepted)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.51
Is there good innovation (bid’atun hasanatun) in religion?

Answer
No, there is no good innovation in religion.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour on you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 3]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Beware of new things (in the matters of religion) for every new thing is innovation, every innovation is heresy and every heresy leads to Hellfire)), [Transmitted by an-Nasaa.ee]


Question No.52
Is there such a thing as Sunnah Hasanah in Islaam?

Answer
Yes, there is Sunnah Hasanah are good deeds (such as giving charity).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And made us leaders of the Muttaqoon (the pious)}, {Soorah al-Furqaan, Aayah 74]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever introduces a good practice into Islaam, will have the reward for it and the reward of those who follow his practice thereafter, yet they will lose nothing of their reward)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.53
Is it enough for a person to reform himself?

Answer
No, it is a duty on him to reform his relatives also.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Oh you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire}, {Soorah at-Tahreem, Aayah 6]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Verily Allaah will ask every shepherd about his flock. Did he protect it or lose it?)), [Transmitted by an-Nasaa.ee who declared it hasan]


Question No.54
When will Muslims be victorious?

Answer
When they apply Qur.aan and Sunnah (fully) in their lives.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O you who believe! If you help in the cause of Allaah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm}, {Soorah Muhammed, Aayah 7]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((There will always be a victorious group from my nation)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Shaykh Muhammad ibn Jameel Zeenoo

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How should a muslim believe in the Names and Attributes of Allah?

The creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah in regard to Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: What is the creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah in regard to Allaah’s Names and Attributes? And what is the difference between a Name and an Attribute? And does affirmation of a Name necessitate affirmation of an Attribute, and (likewise) does affrimation of an Attribute necessitate affirmation of a Name?

Response: The creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah in regard to Allaah’s Names and His Attributes is affriming that which Allaah has affirmed for himself from the Names and Attributes, without:

1) tahreef (changing/distorting a Name and/or Attribute of Allaah to other than its true meaning, i.e. from Allaah to al-Laat, and al-‘Azeez to al-‘Uzzah);

2) ta’teel (denying some or all of Allaah’s Names and Attributes);

3) takyeef (questioning as to “how” (Allaah’s Name or Attribute is), i.e. How does Allaah descend, etc.?);

4) tamtheel (to imply a similarity between Allaah’s Names and Attributes and that of His creation).

And the difference between a Name and an Attribute is that a Name is that which Allaah has named Himself by; and an Attribute is that which Allaah has described Himself by. And between them is a clear difference.

So a Name is that which is considered a Name of Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala), (and that) which incorporates an Attribute.

And affirmation of a Name necessitates affirmation of an Attribute. For example:

al-Ghafoor (the Most Forgiving) is a Name, and (its affirmation) necessitates the (affirmation of the) Attribute of Maghfirah (Forgiveness);

And ar-Raheem (the Most Merciful) is a Name and (its affirmation) necessitates the affirmation of ar-Rahmah (Mercy).

And the affirmation of an Attribute does not necessitate the affirmation of a Name. For example: al-Kalaam (Speech) does not necessitate the affirmation of the Name al-Mutakallim (the Speaker) for Allaah.

So, based upon this, the Names are more wider (in scope), since every Name encompasses an Attribute, however, every Attribute does not encompass a Name.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fataawa Arkaan al-Islaam – Page 73, Fatwa No.30

Testification of one’s eemaan because he regularly attends the masaajid

Testification of one’s eemaan because he regularly attends the masaajid
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: http://www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: Is it permissible to bear witness to someone’s eemaan (faith) just because he regularly goes to the masjid, as occurs in the hadeeth?

Response: Yes. No doubt, whoever attends the prayers in the masaajid, then his attendance in this regard is evidence as to his eemaan, since nothing but his eemaan in Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) caused him to leave his house and exhert himself to go to the masjid.

And as for the questioner saying ((as occurs in the hadeeth)), then he is referring to that which is narrated from the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam):

((If you see a man regularly attending the masaajid, then bear witness to his eemaan)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee, No.2617]

However, this hadeeth is weak, and not authenticated from the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fataawa Arkaan al-Islaam – Page 34, Fatwa No.11

What is the first obligation upon the creation?

The first obligation upon creation
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: http://www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: What is the first obligation upon creation?

Response: The first obligation upon creation is the first thing to which they are called to. The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) explained to Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, when he sent him to Yemen, and told him:

((Indeed you are going to the People of the Book, so the first thing to which you shall call them to is the testification that there is no god except Allaah,and that Muhammad is the messenger of Allaah…)), [Transmitted by Imaam al-Bukhaaree – The Book of Zakaah, Numbers 1458, 1496; and Imaam Muslim – The Book of Eemaan, Numbers 29, 30, 31].

So this is the first obligation upon the servant (of Allaah), that he singles out Allaah (alone for worship), and he testifies to His messenger (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) who came (forth) with the message (of Islaam).

And by singling out Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) (alone for worship), and testifying to His messenger (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) who came (forth) with the message (of Islaam), one actualises purity of intention and adherence (to the messenger’s teachings), both of which are conditions for the acceptance of all forms of worship.

So this is the first obligation upon the servant (of Allaah), that he singles out Allaah (alone for worship), and he testifies to (all of) His messengers (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) who came (forth) with the (same) message.

So the testification that there is no god except Allaah (alone) incorporates tawheed (singling out Allaah alone for worship) in its entirety.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fiqh al-‘Ibaadaat – Question 4, Page 18

Whoever abuses the religion and the prophets, what happens to them?

Whoever abuses the religion and the prophets
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: http://www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: What is the ruling regarding someone who abuses the religion or any of the prophets?

Response: Anyone who abuses the religion or abuses Allaah or His messenger, then he is a kaafir – out of the fold of Islaam, and we seek refuge in Allaah (from that). (This is the case) even if he believes he is a Muslim. Even the people of knowledge have said: Indeed whoever abuses Allaah, then he is a kaafir, even if he was joking. And the evidence they use is His (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) saying:

{If you ask them, they declare: “We were only talking idly and joking.” Say: “Was it at Allaah, and His Aayaat and His Messenger that you were mocking?” Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed}, [Soorah at-Towbah, Aayahs 65-66].

So, everyone who abuses Allaah or His messenger, or His Book, or His religion, or any of the prophets (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) then he is a kaafir. And it is upon these people to repent to Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) and return to Him (to Islaam), otherwise they will be given the glad tidings of the Fire of Hell.

We ask Allaah to guide them, and Allaah is the Expounder of success.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fataawa Manaar al-Islaam – Question 8, Page 25

What happens to the people that were not introduced to Islam?

The final destination of Ahlul-Fitrah

Question: What is the final destination of those who lived during the period of the messenger of Allaah, ‘Eesaa (Jesus) (`alayhis-salaam), and before the beginning of the mission of our messenger, Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam). Are they considered to belong to Ahlul-Fitrah?

Response: The correct statement is that Ahlul-Fitrah are divided into two categories: The first category is the one before whom the evidence is established, and he recognised the truth, yet followed what he found his forefathers following. In this case, there is no excuse for him and he is among the inhabitants of the Fire; As for the one before whom the evidence has not been established, his matter is for Allaah, the Almighty and Majestic, to decide. And we do not know his final destination. This is because we do not know of a Sharee’ah text (ruling) for that case. But in the case of one about whom it is confirmed that he will be in the Fire based upon authentic evidence, then he is in the Fire.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fataawa Islaamiyyah – Volume 1, Page 108

The meaning of the Prophetic statement: ((All of them will be in the Fire, except one))

The meaning of the Prophetic statement: ((All of them will be in the Fire, except one))

Question: What is the meaning of the following hadeeth:

((My ummah will be divided into seventy three sects. All of them will be in the Fire except one?)), [Saheeh Muslim, no.976]

Who is that sect ? And will the seventy two sects live forever in the Fire, as the mushrik will or not? And does the term “ummah” of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) apply to thos who follow him as well as those who do not, or is it to the former only?

Response: What is meant by the term “ummah” in this hadeeth is the ummah of response (ummatul-ijaabah – those who responded to the call to Islaam after having been invited), which shall be divided into seventy three sects; seventy two of which are deviant, who practice innovated religious practices that do not constitute apostacy. Each shall be punished in accordance to the innovations and deviation (it practiced), except for those who Allaah pardons and forgives. Their final abode will be Jannah. The only sect that will be safe is Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, who adhere to the Sunnah of the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and hold fast to what he and his companions (radhi-yallaahu ‘anhum) were holding to. It is they about whom the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said:

((A group of my ummah shall remain steadfast, on the truth, victorious, unharmed by those who oppose them, and do not support them, until the death or until the Day of Resurrection)), [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, nos.71 and 3641, and Saheeh Muslim, no.1920]

As for those whose innovation casts them out of Islaam, they belong to the ummah of invitation (ummatud-da’wah – those to whom the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) was sent to invite to Islaam), not the ummatul-ijaabah. They shall remain in the Hell Fire forever, and this is the most valid opinion.

It is also said that the term “ummah” in this hadeeth means ummatud-da’wah, which is a general term indicating all those to whom the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) was sent (i.e. mankind) those who believe and those who do not believe. Whereas the term “the saved sect” is the ummatul-ijaabah, which strictly applies to those who believe in the Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam), truthfully and die in such a state (of belief). This is the sect that whill be saved from the Fire; either by prior punishment or without prior punishment, and their final abode will be Jannah, (inshaa.-Allaah).

As for the seventy two sects (in the second opinion) they are all, excluding the saved sect, disbelievers who will live forever in the Fire. Hence, it is clear that the ummatud-da’wah is more general in connotation than the ummatul-ijaabah. That is to say, whoever belongs to the ummatul-ijaabah belongs to the ummatud-da’wah, while not everyone of the ummatud-da’wah belongs to the ummatul-ijaabah.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa
Fataawa Islaamiyyah – Volume 1, Page 16

WHERE IS ALLAH???

Where is Allaah?

Question: What is the ruling regarding those who say: “Indeed Allaah is not below and nor above, and nor to the right and nor to the left, and nor outside of this world and nor inside it, etc…”?

Response: They are regarded as innovators (mubtadi’ah).

And we believe that indeed Allaah has ascended over His ‘Arsh (Mighty Throne), an ascension befitting His Majesty, as Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala) says:

{The Most Gracious (Allaah) rose over (Istawaa) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His Majesty)}, [Soorah TaaHaa, Aayah 5]

…and we believe in His statement and disbelieve in the statement of the Mu’tazilah. And certainly, I advise the reading of “al-‘Uloo lil-‘Alee al-Ghaffaar” of Imaam ath-Thahabee and it’s summary by Shaykh al-Albaanee.

Shaykh Muqbil al-Waadi’ee
Ijaabatus-Saa.il ‘alaa Ahammil-Masaa.il – Question 152, Page 300

The importance of Tawheed

On the Importance of Tawhid
Author: Shaikh Muhammad bin Jameel Zainoo
Source: The Methodology of the Saved Sect (trans. Abu Nasir)
Article ID : TAW010007  [22351]  

1) Verily, Allaah has created the world and everything in it in order to worship Him alone. He sent the Messenger to call the people to Tawheed and the Noble Qur’aan is concerned with the aqeedah of tawheed in most of its chapters, and it explains the harm of shirk for the individual and the society. Shirk is the reason for destruction in this life and the reason for eternal destruction in the Fire of the Hereafter.2) Verily, all the Messengers began their call with Tawheed, which they were commanded by Allaah to convey it to the people. He, the Most High, said:We have not sent before you from the Messengers, except We inspired to him that He is the only One worthy of worship, so worship Him. [21:25]The Messenger of Allaah stayed in Makkah for thirteen years while he called his people to the Tawheed of Allaah and he called to Him alone without associating anything with Him. It was regarding this issue that Allaah revealed the following verse to His Noble Messenger:

Say: Verily I call to my Lord and I do not ascribe any partners to Him at all. [72:20]The Noble Messenger brought up his followers upon Tawheed from the time of childhood and he said to the son of his uncle, his cousin ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Abbaas: “When you ask, then ask Allaah, and when you seek help, then seek help from Allaah.” [Hasan Saheeh, Tirmidhi]. This Tawheed is in reality the religion of Islaam, which is built upon it, and anything other than it is not accepted by Allaah.3) Verily, the Messenger (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) taught his Companions to begin their call to the people with tawheed, so he said to Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, when he (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) sent him to Yemen: “So let the first thing you call them to, be the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.” And in another narration: “…that they worship Allaah alone.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

4) Tawheed is embodied in the testification that “None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.” Its meaning is that there is no one who is worthy of deserving worship except Allaah, and there is no worship except that which the Messenger of Allaah came with. Iris this testification which allows a unbeliever to enter into Islaam, since it is the key to Paradise, and the one who testifies to it and believes it enters into Paradise as long as he does not invalidate it by shirk or a word of disbelief.

5) The disbelieving Quraish offered the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) kingship, wealth and wives and other than that from the pleasures of this life in exchange for him abandon the call to tawheed, and abaudon the attacks against the idols. However, he did not desire that from them, rather lie continued his call and endured the onslaught along with his Companions, until the call to tawliced was victorious after thirteen years, after which Makkah was conquered and the idols were destroyed. The Messenger of Allaah # recited

Truth has come and falsehood has vanished, surely falsehood is ever bound to vanish. [17:81]

6) Tawheed is the preoccupation of a Muslim in his life, so he begins his life with Tawheed and he ends his life with Tawheed. Ilis task in life is to establish Tawheed and the call to Tawheed, since Tawheed unifies the believers and gathers them upon the statement of Tawheed.

So we ask Allaah to make the statement of Tawheed (Laa ilaaha lila Allaah) our last words in this world and we ask Him to gather the Muslims upon the statement of Tawheed.