That which is obligatory upon the Muslims

That which is obligatory upon the Muslims
by Shaykh ‘Alee Muhammad Naasir al-Faaqihee
on Saturday, May 7th, 2005

The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى began in the name of Allaah, sending praise upon Him and asking that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى send His Praise and blessing upon the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم. Then the Shaykh went on to say that it pleases us, dear brothers, to speak to you tonight about some very important issues which are imperative upon the Muslims to have an understanding about. And that which is obligatory upon the Muslims, as Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has explained in His Book, is to have knowledge. Allaah says:
فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ
{So know (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) that Laa ilaaha illallaah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah),
and ask forgiveness for your sin…}[Muhammad 47:19]

And for this reason, Imaam Al-Bukhaaree named a chapter in his book, in the book of Al-Eemaan: “Knowledge comes before statements and actions”. And then Allaah says in Soorah at-Tawbah:
فَلَوْلاَ نَفَرَ مِن كُلِّ فِرْقَةٍ مِّنْهُمْ طَآئِفَةٌ لِّيَتَفَقَّهُواْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلِيُنذِرُواْ قَوْمَهُمْ إِذَا رَجَعُواْ إِلَيْهِمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَحْذَرُونَ
{…Of every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islaamic) religion,
and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil).} [A-Tawbah 9:122]
Knowledge of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى

So Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has shown here that knowledge comes before the actions. And the most noble of the knowledge, as the ‘ulamaa have explained, is the Knowledge of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى. And this knowledge of Allaah is inclusive of the Tawheed of Allaah, or declaring His Unity. It is inclusive of all three types of Tawheed, they are:
Tawheed al-Uloohiyah, or Allaah’s سبحانه و تعالى right to be worshipped alone.
Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah, Allaah’s سبحانه و تعالى Oneness in His Lordship and
Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat, Allaah’s سبحانه و تعالى Oneness as it relates to His Beautiful Names and Attributes.
The Shahaadah (Testimony)

And after that, it is upon the Muslims to learn that which is important for him in his Religion. And for that reason, when the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم began his da’wah, he began with the testimony that “none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم” and this is the first pillar of Islaam.
The Salaah (Prayer)

After that pillar, comes the very important pillar of Salaah. And that which shows and indicates its importance is that the salaah was not made obligatory on the Earth. That is, its legislation of becoming obligatory was not done on the Earth as the rest of the obligations of Islaam were made by way of Jibreel to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. Rather, the salaah was made obligatory in the seventh Heaven. That is, on the night of al-Israa wal-Mi’raaj, Allaah made obligatory upon this Ummah (nation) the salaah, and that was done by Allaah سبحانه و تعالى in the seventh Heaven.

Also, from the importance of the salaah, is that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم encouraged us to make it in jamaa’ah, i.e. to make it as one group. Likewise, the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said ‘pray as you have seen me pray’[1]. The Sahaabah (the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم) and likewise the ‘ulamaa (Scholars) that came after them clearly explained to us and related to us the way that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم prayed.
Praying in Congregation

After that, the issue of praying in jamaa’ah (congregation) is extremely important and it is something that is obligatory upon the Muslims (men) and it is from the Sunnah of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. Abdullah ibn Mas’ood رضى الله عنه said that it was from the sunan of hudaa i.e. from the ways of guidance and if you leave the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم, then indeed you will go astray. [2]

From the things that the Muslim benefits from praying in jamaa’ah, or praying in congregation, is that it is an encouragement for the people to be together. Likewise, when the Muslims do it they will exchange information with each other, they will check on one another and make sure everyone is okay. So praying in jamaa’ah, or praying in congregation, it is that pillar which many things are built upon in the life of the Muslim.
Salaah builds the relationship between the Muslim and Allaah سبحانه و تعالى

Then after that, likewise, it is upon the Muslim to know that this salaah, it is the relationship between him and His Lord سبحانه و تعالى and it is that which will build the relationship between him and His Lord. Any time an affair would concern the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم he would rush to make the salaah. Likewise, from that which shows its importance is the fact that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded with it and advised this Ummah with it. Even in the last moments of his صلى الله عليه و سلم life; when they would take the scarf off his face he would say “as-salaah”, to remind them of the salaah, reminding them of the prayer. Likewise, from that which shows its importance is the statement of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم where he said that “the contrast that is between us and them it is the salaah so whoever leaves it, then indeed, he has disbelieved”[3]. So there is no portion of Islaam for the one who leaves the salaah and it is upon the Muslim to protect his salaah and to pray it at the prescribed time, as Allaah سبحانه و تعالى said:
إِنَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتَاباً مَّوْقُوتاً
{…Verily, As-Salât (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.} [An-Nisaa’ 4:103]
Perform righteous actions

Then after salaah, the Muslim should do his best to come with all of the righteous actions – whether from giving charity, from commanding with the good and forbidding the evil, from being righteous to his neighbours or building relationships with his neighbours and all of the other righteous actions, because all of the actions of Islaam are good deeds and all of them are righteous.
Da’wah – Be a good example to the Non-Muslims

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was sent as a mercy to mankind, to all of mankind. When you look at the people in these countries, the countries of the disbelievers, if the non-Muslims see that the Muslims are those who keep their relations with their family members, and that they are people who are merciful, they are people who are dutiful to their parents, they are those who protect their muwaa’eed (appointments), they are those who fulfil their trusts, then this type of Muslim is going to be an example for all of the other people around him. So when the non-Muslims see the Muslims doing these types of actions, then indeed he (the Muslim) will be an example for them. And they will be inshaa’Allaah ta’aalaa the type of people who look towards Islaam, and look towards the religion of Islaam, not as a religion of terrorism as some of them would like to say, but rather a religion of mercy, a religion that takes care of the poor and the needy. So it is upon the Muslim in his dealings to do what he does, firstly for Allaah سبحانه و تعالى meaning that he does it seeking the Face of Allaah, seeking the reward of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and then after that intending to spread the Da’wah of Islaam. So the da’wah is performed with the tongue, with the statements and it is also performed with actions.
Kindness to neighbours

From righteous actions, is the importance of the Muslim being righteous to his neighbour and being kind to his neighbour. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has commanded us with kindness to our neighbours, as He mentions in the Qur’aan in the ayaah:
وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالجَنبِ
{…(and do good to) the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger…} [an-Nisaa’ 4:36]

From the examples of this, is that which comes in Adab al-Mufrad by Imaam al-Bukhaaree on the authority of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas رضى الله عنه. He used to have a man that would slaughter his sacrificial animals for him, or that would slaughter the meat that he would use for his family in general. He told this man one time, and he had another person that was with him at the time, “If you begin to pan out the meat, then start with our Jewish neighbour”. So there was a man who was with ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn ‘Aas at the time and he said to him, “you start with the Jew”? ‘Abdullaah said, “That’s correct. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم commanded us to be kind to our neighbours and he used to start with the one whose door was closest to him”.[4] So in this case, the door of the Jewish man was closest and so he started with him in his passing out of the meat.

The Shaykh hafithahullaah ta’aalaa he said that, if we look at this example then we see that this is something, that the Companions used to do and it is from the Sunnah of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم. So if you are someone who is kind to your neighbours, you will find inshaa Allaahu ta’aalaa that this has a very deep effect on their hearts. And you will also be illustrating the point that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was not sent to the Arab alone. Rather he was sent to the red people, and to the black people and it didn’t make a difference, as his message was for all of mankind as Allaah سبحانه و تعالى said:
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
{And We have sent you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) not but as a mercy for the ‘Aalamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists).} [al-Anbiyaah 21:107]

The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى went on to mention the ayah in Soorah an-Nisaa’ where Allaah سبحانه و تعالى said:
وَاعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئاً وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَاناً وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالجَنبِ
وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالاً فَخُوراً
{ Worship Allâh and join none with Him (in worship); and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masâkîn (the needy),
the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet),
and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allâh does not like such as are proud and boastful.} [An-Nisaa’ 4:36]

This ayah in Sooratun Nisaa’, the Shaykh went on to explain it by saying that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى started out by commanding that you only worship Allaah and that you do not associate any partners with Him. He started out with the worship of Allaah because this is the origin and this is the base rule, and everything that comes after it is based on the fact that you’re worshipping Allaah سبحانه و تعالى alone. Then He commanded that you be kind to your parents, as it comes in many other aayaat in the Book. Then the Shaykh went on to mention, that the yateem (orphan) is the child who does not have any one to care for him or his father has passed away. Likewise, the one who is needy. As it relates to the close neighbour, then this close neighbour can either mean that they are a relative or that they are close in distance, meaning that their house is close to your home.

So the Shaykh said if this neighbour of yours is a Muslim and he is a relative, then he has three different rights over you. He has the right of Islaam, the right of being the neighbour and also the right of being a relative. So when you present to them something, when you give them a gift, then this will be considered something that builds the relationship. That which is intended by the foreign neighbour, is the neighbour that is not a Muslim as the Shaykh said. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, in these aayaat is showing us those things that if we do them, then they will be those things by His Permission which will enter the people into Islaam and that it will show the people that Islaam does not have the type of dryness or the type of harshness that you may find in some of the religions that came before. Rather it is a Religion of Mercy.
Taqwa of Allaah

The Shaykh he said after that I advise you all with that which Allaah سبحانه و تعالى commanded us with, that which He commanded His first servants and His last servants with, or the previous servants as well as His latter servants and that is with the fear of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى – to have taqwa of Allaah. And taqwa is that you perform the actions that you have been commanded with, and that you stay away from that which you have been prohibited from. Likewise, it is to place between yourself and between Allaah سبحانه و تعالى a wiqaayah of protection. And that protection is by doing the righteous deeds and staying away from the evil deeds. All of the righteous deeds are from taqwa or from the fear of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى.

For example, one who gives sadaqah (charity), one who is truthful, one who is trustworthy, one who is righteous, one who is kind to his neighbour. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, as it comes in the hadeeth said: “Jibreel continued to commanded me with kindness to the neighbour so that I thought that he would make him (the neighbour) from my inheritors”.[5] So all of the righteous actions that one does is from taqwa. Likewise, staying away from the evil actions, from the sins and disobedience to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى this is also considered to be from taqwa. So for example, to stay away from backbiting, to stay away from tale carrying, to stay away from talking about the honour of Muslims, to stay way from cursing the Muslims or speaking evil about them, all of these are from the things, which are considered to be taqwa or fear of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى.

And from the bounties of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, is that He does not make takleef of His servants, that He does not impose upon His servants anything that they do not have the ability to do. He does not make us responsible for more than we can bear. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said in the authentic hadeeth: “If I command you with something, then do from it that which you can. And if I prohibit you from something, then stay away from it”.[6] All of the Islaamic rulings, all of the rulings of Islaam are based upon this hadeeth – that you do that which you can of that which you have been commanded with, and that you stay far away from that which you have been prohibited from. So for example, as-salaah (prayer), if you are not able to pray standing then you can pray sitting down. This is from doing that which you can. If you do not have money, it is not upon you to pay zakaat. If you do not have enough money, then it is not upon you to make the Hajj. This is as it relates to the things that you have been commanded with.

As it relates to the things, that you have been prohibited from, then you stay away from it period and you don’t go close to it. So for example, you protect your tongue – this is something that you can do. Allaah سبحانه و تعالى prohibits us from drinking intoxicants, so this is something that we can do. All of the things that are evil are things that we do not have to do, meaning that it is easy for us to stay away from these things. As for the things that you have been commanded with, then maybe you can do it and maybe you can’t do it. However, the things that you cannot do, or the things you have been commanded to stay away from, you have to stay away from them. Don’t let anybody say that ‘I can’t stop drinking intoxicants’ for example. Rather this individual can stop, because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم told us: “And if I have prohibited for you something, then stay away from it”.[6]
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS
1. Question: I am a female engineer working in a factory, but my father who is a rich man does not allow me to do anything, even so that I’m not allowed to pay zakaat. He only allows me to buy food and clothes. Is this correct? What should I do in this situation?

Answer: The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى said in answer to this question, that firstly we must know that to obey the father is obligatory. However, to obey in disobedience to Allaah سبحانه و تعالى is not permissible. So this woman should not obey her father in him preventing her from paying the zakaat. Rather she has to pay the zakaat and the zakaat is a pillar of Islaam so she must do it. However, she should do it in a way that does not anger her father. Rather, she should do it in a way that is better, in a good manner. She should speak to him in a manner that is good and try to convince him from one angle, or to please him from one angle and at the same time do what she has to do, and do that which is obligatory upon her in Islaam.
2. Question: Is it permissible to eat everything from the ocean, that lives in the ocean, for instance shrimp, lobster etc?

Answer: The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى he said that, for those animals or sea creatures that only live in the sea then this is permissible without exception. Except for those things, that may resemble that which is haraam. For example, there are some sea animals that resemble pigs and dogs and the like. Some of the ‘Ulaama (Scholars) have mentioned that it is better to leave off these types of things in order for the Muslim to protect his Deen. However, the Shaykh said that which you can find in the sea is plentiful and inshaa’Allaahu ta’aalaa you stay way from the other things, which resemble that which is haraam.
3. Question: Can you provide us some advice on how to learn akhlaaq (morals) and adab (manners) in the West and also, guidance on correct purification etc.? Perhaps, you can recommend some books on these topics, which can be studied and benefited from.

Answer: The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى, he said that the first thing that I recommend to this individual is to read the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى. In this book, the Qur’aan one will find everything that a Muslim needs, in his dunya, as it relates to his worldly affairs and as well, as it relates to his Aakhirah (Hereafter). Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has told us in His Book, that which translated means:
مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ
{…We have neglected nothing in the Book…} [al-An’aam 6:38]

That We have not left anything out of this Book, meaning that Guide. Likewise, when ‘Aishah رضى الله تعالى عنها was asked about the character of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم about his manners, about his morals, she said that: “his character was the Qur’aan”.[7] His character was the Qur’aan. This means that he used to act in accordance to the Qur’aan. He used to do that which the Qur’aan commanded him with and stay way from that which the Qur’aan prevented him from and prohibited. Likewise, the Shaykh mentioned the ayah in Soorah al-Qalam where Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says:
وَإِنَّكَ لَعَلى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ
{And verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) are on an exalted (standard of) character.} [al-Qalam 68:04]

He سبحانه و تعالى praises the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم for his character. So this Book, the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى is the first Book that one returns to, in order to refine his character.

Likewise, there are many ahaadeeth and books of ahaadeeth, like for example Riyaadus Saaliheen by an-Nawaawee. This book has many ahaadeeth that deal with the character or the morals of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم as it relates to all of his interactions. Likewise, we can return to the books of the Sunnah. We return back to the books of the Sunnah, we return back to the books that deal with the Seerah or the biography of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and we look at how the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم behaved in his home, and with his wives and with his family, how he behaved with his neighbours and other than that.

Again the first thing we return to is the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and all of these things inshaa’Allaah will be that which teaches the Muslim how to perfect his character. How he should act in his workplace, how he should be in leading his home, what he should do at night, what he should do in the daytime and all of his life. Also we have the book al-Adkhaar (The Book of Supplications) which also deals with this, it doesn’t leave anything that the Muslim should do from the time he gets up until the time he goes to bed. And that is because the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم did not leave anything that would benefit his Ummah (Nation), except that he guided us to it and there is nothing that would harm this ummah except that he warned us from it.
4. Question: Is it permissible to seek a loan from a Muslim who earns the money by selling drugs?

Answer: The Shaykh said: listen brother, prohibited affairs, the affair of intoxicants is something that is prohibited within the text of the Qur’aan. Allaah prohibited al-khamr or intoxicants, and that which follows it from drugs etc. Likewise, that which follows these types of things like interest (ribaa). All of these things are known by ijmaa’ (consensus) that they are prohibited. The fact that some Muslims may interact, or in their transactions may use these types of things, or they may do these things which are illegal, does not make it something that is permissible. So it is appropriate for the Muslim to take loans from those people who have their money come to them in ways that are permissible. As for the one, who he doesn’t know how he got his money, then his lack of knowledge here is not something that will harm him. However, if he knows that this individual has taken money or his means of achieving the money is something that is impermissible, then he shouldn’t take a loan from this individual. And whoever has fear of Allaah, who has taqwa of Allaah, then Allaah سبحانه و تعالى will make for him a way out and He will provide for him from places he never expected.

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجاً{2} وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ
{… And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty).
And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine…} [at-Talaaq 65:2-3]
5. Question: We have some brothers who studied for some time, but they didn’t work on self-purification. So they used their knowledge to show off and to look down on others. And they are quick in refuting others and they are one of main reasons for making others run away from the Salafi Manhaj. What is your advice to them?

Answer: The Shaykh said: “first of all, my advise to those people is that Salafiyyah is not a claim that is claimed upon the tongue. Rather it is something that has to be followed up by actions. When the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم informed that this Ummah would split into 73 sects and that all of them would be in the Hellfire except one, he was asked, “and which is that one, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “That which I am upon and my Companions”.[8] So the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم informed that this Saved Sect, the one that will be saved from the Fire, they are the Salafus Saalih, the righteous predecessors. They are the ones who were upon that which the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم and his Companions were on. So we have to go back and look at that which the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم was upon as it relates to his ‘aqeedah (belief system), as it relates to his worship, as it relates to his transactions and interactions. What was he upon? Then likewise, we look at what the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم were upon in those previously mentioned affairs.”

Then the Shaykh went on to say: “and also we need to look at what Allaah سبحانه و تعالى said to His Messenger. He said this to His Messenger, as His Messenger is the best of examples. He says as it comes in Soorah Aali ‘Imraan,
فَبِمَا رَحْمَةٍ مِّنَ اللّهِ لِنتَ لَهُمْ وَلَوْ كُنتَ فَظّاً غَلِيظَ الْقَلْبِ لاَنفَضُّواْ مِنْ حَوْلِكَ فَاعْفُ عَنْهُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ وَشَاوِرْهُمْ فِي الأَمْرِ فَإِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللّهِ إِنَّ اللّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِينَ
{And by the Mercy of Allaah, you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted,
they would have broken away from about you; so pass over (their faults), and ask (Allaah’s) forgiveness for them;
and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allaah,
certainly, Allaah loves those who put their trust (in Him).} [Aali ‘Imraan 3:159]

So here we see that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has prohibited His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم from evil character and He let His Messenger know that if he was evil, harsh and hardhearted they would have left from around him. So if the person is truly upon Salafiyyah, then he is upon that which the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم was upon from good characteristics, from gentleness, from leniency. And as you had mentioned in the question, some people have been made to leave the manhaj as-saheeh (the correct methodology), or they have been repelled from this manhaj, from that which they find from people from harshness and so on and so forth, then this is indeed in opposition to the Book of Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم. Meaning that, that characteristic that they find from some of the Salafis, these characteristics are in opposition to what we find in the Book and the Sunnah and likewise, what the Salaf of this ummah were upon رحمهم الله.

Also, we need to look at the example of the one who was harsh and hard and stern when he came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم, and he grabbed him. He said, “Yaa Muhammad, give me from that which Allaah has given you”. So the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم they wanted to deal with this individual and the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم prevented them from doing so.[9] Even though he was the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم and this man had done what he had done to him, the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم prevented them from doing anything to this man. So whoever claims to be Salafi, then it is upon him to be patient and it is upon him to persevere and it is upon him to have forbearance. And it is upon him to guide the people to that which is good, so these callers themselves can be an example to those they are calling.”
6. Question: I’m a married woman and I’m not happy being married and see no benefit in it since my husband lives in another country, which prevents him from bringing me there as his wife. I have issues with obeying him and fear for my soul in the Hereafter. So my question is, is it permissible for me to seek divorce out of fear that I cannot obey my husband and give him his rights?

Answer: The Shaykh said: I would say something, as it relates to this. In these types of situations the mufti of Saudi Arabia needs to be consulted so that these types of questions may be presented to him. However, my advice for this woman is that she be patient and that she tries her best to be patient in this situation, especially if there are children involved in this situation and Allaah will make the affair easy and will guide them. However, if the affair comes to the point where it is absolutely not possible for her to be patient, then I suggest that the question be posed to the mufti in detail, so that he can deal with this.

Brother Abu Sufyaan Zahid said:

Shaykh al-‘Alaamah ‘Alee Naasir al-Faaqihee hafithahullaah ta’aalaa mentioned that he didn’t want to answer questions on divorce and khula’, due to its serious consequences. He advised the brothers to take these questions to the grand mufti of Saudi Arabia. This clearly shows that such issues are not to be answered by just anyone. Unfortunately, as we all know this has become a serious problem in the West. We have witnessed that some brothers do not hesitate, as our ‘Ulamaa hesitate to pass judgments on talaaq and khula’. So the Shaykh gave some advice concerning this:

The Shaykh حفظه الله تعالى said that the like of these types of issues, first and foremost is that it is not appropriate that one be hasty in divorce, because divorce is from those affairs that if the one pronouncing it is serious, it counts. And even if he’s playing, it counts. So this is something that, a Muslim should be very careful of being hasty in these affairs. Also if these types of affairs become plentiful, become in abundance, as has been mentioned, then it is upon those who are responsible to contact the Kibaarul ‘Ulamaa in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, like for example the mufti and the Committee for Giving Fataawaa – the Permanent Committee, so that they can give them the solutions to these problems inshaa’Allaahu ta’aalaa because these affairs are very important. They deal with a man living with his wife and a man should live with his woman in a way that is halaal and in a way that is permissible. However, with these types of affairs and being hasty in divorce and the like, what may happen is that this woman may become impermissible for him and he doesn’t even know. And so he lives with her in a way that is not safe, not permissible in Islaam so you have to be careful. And again, the Shaykh suggested that these types of affairs be taken to the Kibaarul ‘Ulamaa.
7. Question: Is it from the Sunnah to hold the stick during the Jumu’ah khutbah?

Answer: Holding the stick or the cane or the like, then this is from the Sunnah. If an individual does it, then alhamdullilaah, and if he does not do this, then there is nothing upon him. Meaning this is not a condition, whether one is holding a cane or a stick. So if he does so, then this is good and if not, then there is nothing upon him.
8. Question: Is it permissible for us to have ring tones of the Qur’aan, the adhaan or the ahaadeeth on our cell-phones or mobile phones?

Answer: The Shaykh said the only thing that would be impermissible here would be to take that type of phone into the bathroom itself. This is something, that is not permissible, or something that one should stay away from. If for example, when the phone rings, the ayah plays then one should stay away from the bathroom area. As for other than that, then there is no difference between that and for example, a cassette tape. The Shaykh said that which is impermissible here is the qiraa or the reading of the Qur’aan in the bathroom. For example, if you turn off the phone when you go in the bathroom then this is not a problem. Likewise, there are some types of phones now where when you call and you’re waiting for the person to answer the Qur’aan will be playing. Likewise, this should be turned off before going into the bathroom area and then when you come out you turn it back on.
*** END ***

Transcribed By Noble Sister Sirad Bint Aden

References and Notes
[1] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab al-Adhaan (#605)

صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي

[2] Reported by An-Nisaa’ee 2/108, Shaikh al-Albaanee rahimahullaah said Saheeh in Sunan An-Nisaa’ee (#849)

أنه كان يقول من سره أن يلقى الله عز وجل غدا مسلما فليحافظ على هؤلاء الصلوات الخمس حيث ينادي بهن فإن الله عز وجل شرع لنبيه صلى الله عليه وسلم سنن الهدى وإنهن من سنن الهدى وإني لا أحسب منكم أحدا إلا له مسجد يصلي فيه في بيته فلو صليتم في بيوتكم وتركتم مساجدكم لتركتم سنة نبيكم ولو تركتم سنة نبيكم لضللتم

[3] Reported Ibn Maajah 1/342, Shaikh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said Saheeh in Al-Jaami’ as-Sagheer (#4143) and in Sunan Ibn Maajah (#1079)

العهد الذي بيننا وبينهم الصلاة فمن تركها فقد كفر

[4] Shaykh al-Albaanee rahimahullaah says Saheeh. See Adab al-Mufrad 1/58

كنت عند عبد الله بن عمرو وغلامه يسلخ شاة فقال يا غلام إذا فرغت فابدأ بجارنا اليهودي فقال رجل من القوم اليهودي أصلحك الله قال إني سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يوصى بالجار حتى خشينا أو رؤينا أنه سيورثه

[5] Reported by Al-Bukhaari in Kitaab al-Adab (#5668)

حديث ما زال جبريل يوصيني بالجار حتى ظننت أنه سيورثه متفق عليه

[6] Reported by Ibn Maajah, Shaikh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah said Saheeh in Sunan Ibn Maajah (#2)

فإذا أمرتكم بشيء فخذوا منه ما استطعتم وإذا نهيتكم عن شيء فانتهوا

[7] Reported in Musnad Ahmed, Shaikh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah said Saheeh in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (#4811)

كان خلقه القرآن

[8] Reported by At-Tirmidhee 5/26 (#2641), Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) says Hasan in Jaami’ as-Sagheer (#5343)

وتفترق أمتي على ثلاث وسبعين ملة كلهم في النار إلا ملة واحدة قالوا ومن هي يا رسول الله قال ما أنا عليه وأصحابي

[9] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab al-Libaas (#5472) and Muslim in Kitaab az-Zakaat (#1057)

مالك ‏ ‏قال ‏كنت ‏ ‏أمشي مع رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏وعليه رداء نجراني غليظ ‏ ‏الحاشية ‏ ‏فأدركه أعرابي ‏ ‏فجبذه ‏ ‏بردائه ‏ ‏جبذة ‏ ‏شديدة نظرت إلى صفحة عنق رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏وقد أثرت بها ‏ ‏حاشية ‏ ‏الرداء من شدة جبذته ثم قال يا ‏‏ محمد ‏‏ مر لي من مال الله الذي عندك فالتفت إليه رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏فضحك ثم أمر له بعطاء
 
http://www.albaseerah.org/forum/showthread.php?t=1085

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BENEFITS OF CORRECT BELIEF

This sublime belief, which includes those great principles, bears numerous and useful types of fruits for whoever believes in it.

Virtues of Belief in Allah:

Belief in Allah, His names, and His attributes instills in the individual the love and glorification of Allah that result in his performing Allah’s instructions and avoiding His prohibitions. These are the means of achieving ultimate happiness in this life and the hereafter for both the individual and the society: “Whoever, male or female, does righteous deed, while believing, We shall assuredly grant him a goodly life, and We shall reward them according to the best of their deeds” (16:97).

Virtues of Belief in the Angels:

Appreciating the dignity of Allah, His might, and His sovereignty.

Gratitude toward Allah because He puts some of the angels in charge of His servants, recording their deeds and other things that benefit them. € Love and admiration for the angels because of what they are doing, namely, worshipping Allah in the best possible manner and praying for the believers.

Virtues of Belief in the Books:

Appreciating Allah’s mercy and care for His people in that He sent down a book to every nation for its guidance.

Appreciating Allah’s wisdom, for He revealed in these books to every nation that which suits them. The glorious Qur’an is the final book and it is suitable to all people at all times until the Day of Judgment.

Showing gratitude for Allah’s mercy in revealing these books.

Virtues of Belief in the Messengers:

Appreciating Allah’s mercy and care for His people for sending them those great messengers to guide them to the straight path. Thanking Allah for this great favor.

Loving and respecting the prophets and praising them in what they deserve, because they are Allah’s messengers and His choice among His people. They worshipped Allah according to the best of their ability, conveyed His message to mankind, gave sincere advice to the people, and bore patiently whatever hurt they received.

Virtues of Belief in the Day of Judgment:

Endeavor to obey Allah to get the reward of that day and to avoid any disobedience to him for fear of His punishment.

A consolation for the believer for whatever he misses of worldly enjoyment by what he hopes to gain of blessings and reward of the hereafter.

Virtues of Belief in Fate and the Divine Decree:

Dependence on Allah when doing any action, because both the cause and effect are the result of Allah’s decree.

Ease of mind and comfort, because when the individual knows that everything is by Allah’s decree and that mishaps are going to take place anyway, his soul will be at ease and his heart will be satisfied with Allah’s decree. No one has a more comfortable life, worry-free soul, and stronger confidence than a believer in fate.

Freedom from arrogance when a goal is achieved, because this is a blessing from Allah through what He decreed of the causes of good and success. The individual should thank Allah for that and free himself from arrogance.

Freedom from worry and boredom in case of failure or mishap, because that is by Allah’s decree, the One who possesses the heavens and the Earth. Since that is going to happen anyway, the individual should be patient and hope for the reward from Allah. Allah points to the last two virtues in the following verse: “No misfortune can happen on earth or in yourselves but is recorded in a decree before We bring it into existence, that is really easy for Allah; that you may not grieve for what escapes you, nor rejoice in what has come to you. Allah does not love any vainglorious boaster” (57:22-3).

We pray to Allah, the Exalted, to reward us for this belief, to realize for us its fruits, to increase our blessings, to keep us on the right path to which He has guided us, and to bestow on us a blessing from Him. He is indeed the Giver. Praise and gratitude be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, and peace and blessings be on Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions, and those who rightly follow them.

FATE AND THE DIVINE DECREE

Belief:

We believe in Fate, whether good or bad, which Allah has measured and ordained for all creatures according to His previous knowledge and as deemed suitable by His wisdom.

Levels of Belief:

Belief in Fate has four levels: 1) Knowledge: We believe that Allah, may He be exalted, knows everything. He knows what has happened and what will happen and how it will happen. His knowledge is eternal. He does not acquire a new knowledge nor does he forget what He knows.

2) Recording: We believe that Allah has recorded in the secured tablet (al Lowh al Mahfuz) whatever is going to happen until the Day of Judgment: “Did you not know that Allah knows all that is in heaven and Earth? Surely that is in a book. Surely that for Allah is an easy matter” (22:70).

3) Will: We believe that Allah has willed everything in heaven and Earth. Nothing happens except by His will. Whatever He wills will take place, and whatever He does not will not take place.

4) Creation: We believe that “Allah is the Creator of all things; He is the Guardian over all things, and to Him belong the keys of the heavens and the Earth” (39:62-3). This level includes whatever Allah Himself does and whatever His creatures do. Thus each saying, deed, or omission of the people is known to Allah, Who has recorded, willed, and created them: “To those among you who will to be upright. But you shall not will except as Allah wills, the Lord of the Worlds” (81:2829); “And had Allah willed they would not have fought one against the other; but Allah does whatever He desires” (2:253); “Had Allah willed, they would not have done so, but leave them alone and their false inventions” (6:137); and “And Allah created you and what you do” (37:96). Man’s Free Will:

We believe, however, that Allah has granted man a power and a free will by which he performs his actions. That man’s deeds are done by his power and free will can be proven by the following points:

1) Allah says: “So approach your fields (wives) when and how you will” (2:223); and “Had they desired to go forth, they would have made some preparation for it” (9:46). In these verses, Allah affirmed for man “a going forth” by his will and “a preparation” by his desire.

2) Directing man to do or not to do. If man has no free will and power, these directions mean that Allah is asking man to do that which he cannot do. This proposition is rejected by Allah’s wisdom, mercy and truthful statement: “Allah does not charge a soul beyond its capacity” (2:286).

3) Praising the virtuous for his deeds and blaming the evildoer for his actions and rewarding each of them with what he deserves. If the action is not done by the individual’s free will, then praising the virtuous is a joke and punishing the evildoer is an injustice, and Allah is, of course, far from joking and being unjust.

4) Allah has sent messengers who are “bearing good tidings, and warning, so that mankind might have no argument against Allah after the messengers” (4:165). If the individual’s action is not performed by his free will, his argument is not invalidated by the sending of messengers.

5) Every doer of actions feels that he does or does not do a thing without any coercion. He stands up and sits, comes in and goes out, travels and stays by his own free will without feeling anybody forcing him to be any of these actions. In fact, he clearly distinguishes between doing something of his own free will and someone else forcing him to do that action. The Islamic law also wisely distinguishes between these states of affairs. It does not punish a wrongdoer for an action done under compulsion.

No Excuse for Sinners:

We believe that the sinner has no excuse in Allah’s divine decree, because he commits his sin by his free will, without knowing that Allah has decreed for him, for no one knows Allah’s decree before it takes place: “No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow” (31:34). How can it be possible, then, to present an excuse that is not known to the person who is advancing it when he commits his offense? Allah invalidated this type of argument by saying: “The idolaters will say ‘Had Allah willed, we would not have been idolaters, neither our fathers, nor would we have forbidden anything.’ So did the people before them cry lies until they tasted our might. Say: ‘Have you any proofs that you can show us? You follow nothing but assumption, and you are Lying”‘ (6:148). We say to the sinner who is using divine decree as an excuse: ‘Why did you not perform deeds of obedience, assuming that Allah has decreed them upon you, since you did not know the difference between good deeds and sins? That is why, when Prophet Muhammad told his Companions that everyone’s position in paradise or hell has been assigned, they said: ‘Should not we rely on this and stop working?’ He said: ‘No, work and everyone will be directed to what he is created for”‘ (Bukhari and Muslim).

We say to the sinner who is trying to find an excuse in the divine decree: “Suppose you want to travel to Makkah. There are two roads that may take you there. You are told by a truthful person that one of these roads is dangerous and difficult, the other is easy and safe. You will take the second one. You will not take the first road and say it is decreed upon me. If you did, people would consider you crazy.”

We may also say to him: “If you are offered two jobs, one of which has a higher salary, you will certainly take the one with the higher salary. Why do you choose what is lower in the hereafter and use the divine decree as an excuse?”

We may further say to him: “We see you when you are afflicted with a disease, you knock at every physician’s door looking for treatment and bearing whatever pain that may result from surgical operations and the bitterness of medicine. Why do not you do the same when your heart is spiritually sick with sins?”

Evil Not Attributed to Allah:

We believe that evil should not be attributed to Allah, due to His perfect mercy and wisdom. The Prophet said: “And evil is not attributable to You” (Muslim). Thus Allah’s decree by itself has no evil whatsoever, because it is coming from mercy and wisdom. Evil may, however, result from some of His decrees, because the Prophet said in the supplication for gunut which he taught to al-Hasan: “And protect us from the evil of what You decreed” (Tirmidhi and others). Here, the Prophet attributed evil to what He decreed. Despite this, evil in His decree is not pure evil. It is rather evil in one respect and good in another, or it is evil in one case and good in another. Thus corruption in the land resulting from drought, disease, poverty, and fear is evil, but it is good in another respect. Allah, the Exalted said: “Corruption has appeared on the land and sea for what men’s hands have earned. Allah has ordained this for men, so that they may taste some of what they have done, in order that they may turn back (from evil)” (30:41). Cutting off the thief’s hand or stoning the adulterer is an evil thing for the thief and the adulterer, but it is good for them in one respect, because it is a purification for them so that the punishment of this life and the hereafter are not combined for them. These punishments are good in another respect: their application protects property, honor, and relationships.

Belief in the Day of Judgment

Belief in the Day of Judgment:

We believe in the Final Day, which is the Day of Judgment, when people will be resurrected and then told to remain in the abode of enjoyment or in the abode of severe punishment.

The Resurrection:

We believe in the resurrection, which is Allah’s bringing to life all those who have died, and when Israfil shall blow the horn for the second time: “And the trumpet shall be blown, and all who are in the heavens and who are in the Earth shall fall down fainting, except those that Allah shall spare. Then, it shall be blown again and they shall rise gazing around them” (39:68). People will arise from their graves, answering the call of the Lord of the universe. They will be barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised: “As We started the first creation, so We shall bring it back again. This is a promise from Us, so We shall assuredly fulfill it” (21: 104).

The Records and Scales:

We believe in the records of deeds that will be given to people in their right hands or behind their backs, in the left hands: “As for him who is given his book in his right hand, he shall surely receive an easy reckoning and he will return to his family rejoicing. But as for him who is given his book behind his back, he shall call for destruction on himself and will burn in a blazing fire” (84:7-12); “Every man’s work We have fastened on his own neck, and on the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a book which he will see spread open, saying: ‘Read your own book! Enough for you this day that your own soul should call you to account”‘ (17:13-14).

We believe that scales of deeds will be set up on the Day of Judgment, and that no soul shall be wronged: “Whoever has done an atom’s weight of good shall see it” (99:7-8); “Those whose scales are heavy, they are the successful; but those whose scales are light, they are the ones who have lost their souls in Hell dwelling forever. The fire will burn their faces, and there they will be gloomy with lips displaced” (23: 102-4); and “He that does a good deed shall be rewarded ten times the like of it, and he that does evil shall only be rewarded the like of it, and they shall not be wronged” (6:160).

The Prophet’s Intercession:

We believe in the special great intercession of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. He will plead with Allah, after His permission and on behalf of mankind, to judge among His servants when they suffer from worries and troubles that they cannot bear. They will go to Adam, then to Noah, then to Abraham, then to Moses, then to Jesus, and finally to Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

We believe in the intercession that concerns some believers who were to be taken out from the fire. This mediation is granted to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and to others among the prophets, the believers, and the angels.

We believe also that Allah will save from hell some of the believers without the intercession of any one, but by His grace and mercy.

The Prophet’s Pool:

We believe in the pool of the Prophet, peace be upon him, the water of which is whiter than milk and sweeter than honey and better in fragrance than musk. Each of its length and width is the distance of a month’s travel. Its glasses are as stars in beauty and number. The believers among the Prophet’s followers come to take from this great cistern a drink after which they will never be thirsty.

The Straight Path:

We believe in the straight path (sirat) set up over hell. People pass over it according to their deeds: the first of them as fast as lighting, then as fast as wind, then as fast as birds, and then as fast as a running man. The Prophet will be standing on the path, saying: “Lord, Save! Save!,” as some people’s deeds will fall short. Some of them will come crawling. At both sides of the path there are hooks designed to take whom Allah wills: some are saved but bruised; others are thrown into hell. (Bukhari and Muslim).

We believe in all that is mentioned in the Qur’an or the prophetic sayings concerning that day and its horrors, may Allah save us from them.

We believe in the intercession (Shafa’ah) of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, for the people of paradise to enter therein. This intercession is exclusively limited to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Paradise and Hell:

We believe in paradise and hell. Paradise is the abode of enjoyment which Allah, the Exalted, prepared for the righteous. No eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of, and no human being has ever thought of the blessings that they will enjoy there: “No soul knows what comfort is kept hidden for them, as a reward for their deeds” (32:17). Hell is the abode of punishment that Allah has prepared for the unbelievers and the evildoers. The torture and horror in it cannot be imagined: “Surely, We have prepared for the evildoers a fire, whose pavilion encompasses them. If they call for help, they will be helped with water like molten copper which will scald their faces. How dreadful a drink and how evil a resting place!” (18:29).

Both paradise and hell exist now and will never perish: “Whoever believes in Allah and does righteousness, He will admit him to gardens beneath which rivers flow, to dwell therein for ever. Allah had indeed made for him an excellent provision” (65-11); “Certainly, Allah has cursed the unbelievers and prepared for them a blazing fire to dwell therein forever, they shall find neither protector nor helper. On the day when their faces are turned about in the fire they shall say: ‘Would that we had obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger!”‘ (33: 64-6).

We confirm paradise to whom it is confirmed in the Qur’an or the prophetic traditions either by name or description. Among those who are granted paradise and mentioned by name are Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘All and others who were specified by the Prophet, peace be upon him (Bukhari and Muslim). Among those whom we confirm to enter paradise because they fit the description are the faithful and the pious.

We likewise confirm hell to whom it is confirmed in the Qur’an and the sayings of the Prophet, whether in name or description. Among those who are mentioned by name to be in hell are Abu Lahab, ‘Amr Ibn Luhai al-Khuza’i, and others (Bukhari and Muslim). Confirmation of hell that is based on description includes every unbeliever, polytheist, or hypocrite.

What Happens in the Grave:

We believe in the Trial of the Grave, which involves questioning the deceased person in his grave about his Lord, his religion, and his prophet. There “Allah confirms those who believe with a firm saying, in the present life and the hereafter” (14:27). The believer will say: “Allah is my Lord, Islam is my religion, and Muhammad is my prophet.” The unbeliever or the hypocrite will say: “I do not know. I heard the people saying something and I said it.”

We believe in the comfort of the grave for the believers: “Those whose lives the angels take in state of purity, saying ‘peace be on you; enter paradise for what you were doing’ (16:32).

We believe in the punishment of the grave for the transgressing unbelievers: “If you could only see when the evildoers are in the agonies of death and the angels are stretching out their hands, saying, ‘Give up your souls! Today you shall be rewarded with the punishment of humiliation for what you used to say untrue about Allah, and for scornfully rejecting His signs”‘ (6:93). The sayings of the Prophet are numerous and well-known in this area. A Muslim must believe in all that is reported in the Qur’an and the prophetic traditions concerning the unseen matters. He should not contradict it by his worldly experience, because the affairs of the hereafter cannot be measured by the affairs of this life. The difference between them is very great. Allah is the source of help.

Belief in Messengers

Belief in Messengers:

We believe that Allah has sent to His people messengers who were “bringing good tidings and warning, so that mankind might have no argument against Allah after the Messengers. Allah is All-mighty, All-wise” (4: 165).

The First and Last Messengers:

We believe that the first among the messengers is Noah and the last is Muhammad, peace be upon them all: “We revealed to you as We revealed to Noah and the prophets after him” (4: 163); and “Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets” (33:40).

The Best Messengers:

We believe that the best among the messengers is Muhammad, then Abraham, Moses, Noah, and Jesus, son of Mary. It is they who are meant by the following Qur’anic verse: “And when We took a compact from the prophets, and from you, and from Noah, and Abraham, then Moses, and Jesus, son of Mary. We took from them a solemn compact” (33:7).

We believe that Muhammad’s message, peace be upon him, includes all the merits of the messages of those dignified messengers, because Allah says: “He ordained for you what He enjoined on Noah and what He revealed to you and what He enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus; namely, establish this faith and be united in it” (42:13).

Messengers Are Human Beings:

We believe that all messengers are created human beings who have none of the divine qualities of Allah. Allah, the Exalted, said about Noah, who was the first among them: “I do not say to you, ‘I possess the treasures of Allah.’ I do not know the unseen, and I do not say ‘I am an angel”‘ (11:31) Allah directed Muhammad, who is the last among them, to say: “I do not say to you I possess the treasures of Allah, nor do I know the unseen, and I do not say to you I am an angel” (6:50); and to say that “I have no power to bring profit or hurt for myself, but only as Allah wills” (7:188); and: “I have no power to hurt or benefit you. Say none can protect me from Allah, nor can I find any refuge besides Him” (72:91-2).

We believe that the messengers are among Allah’s servants. He blessed them with the message and described them as servants, in the context of praising and honoring them. He says about Noah, the first among them: “You are the descendants of those whom We carried with Noah, he was a truly thankful servant” (17:3).

Allah said about the last among them, Muhammad, peace be upon him: “Blessed be He who sent down the Qur’an to His servant, that he may warn mankind” (25:1). As for some other messengers, he said: “And mention Our servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, men of might and vision” (38:45); “And remember Our servant David, who was a mighty and penitent man” (38: 17); “And to David, We gave Solomon, he was an excellent and penitent servant” (38:30).

Allah said about Jesus, son of Mary: “He is only a servant whom We blessed and We made him an example to the children of Israel” (43: 59).

We believe that Allah concluded all messages with the message of Muhammad, peace be upon him, to all people, because He said: “Say, ‘O mankind, I am Allah’s Messenger to you all. To him belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth; there is no god but He. He ordains life and death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered Prophet who believes in Allah and His words. Follow him so that you may be rightly guided”‘ (7:158).

Islam: The Universal and Final Message:

We believe that the Shari’ah of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, is the religion of Islam, which Allah has chosen for His servants. He does not accept any other religion from anyone, for He, the Exalted, said: “Surely, the true religion in Allah’s sight is Islam” (3:19), “Today I have perfected your religion for you and I have completed My favor upon you, and I have chosen Islam to be your religion” (5:3), and “Whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from Him, and in the Hereafter he will be among the losers” (3:85).

It is our opinion that whoever claims that any religion other than Islam is acceptable, such as Judaism, Christianity and so forth, is a non believer. He should be asked to repent.

It is also our opinion that whoever rejects the universal message of Muhammad, peace be upon him, rejects the message of all messengers, even if he claims that he believes and follows His Messenger. Allah, the Exalted, said: “Noah’s people rejected the Messengers” (26:105). Thus, Allah considered them as rejecting all of the messengers despite the fact that there was no messenger before Noah. This is also clear from the following verses: “Those who disbelieve in Allah and His Messengers, and wish to make division between Allah and His Messengers, and say: ‘We believe in some and disbelieve in others,’ wishing to take a midway course. Those indeed are the unbelievers, and We have prepared for the unbelievers a humiliating punishment”(4:150-51).

We believe that there is no prophet after Muhammad, Allah’s Messenger, peace be upon him. Whoever claims prophet hood after him, or believes in anyone claiming it, is a disbeliever and one who rejects Allah, His Messenger, and the Muslims’ consensus.

The Rightly Guided Caliphs:

We believe that the Prophet, peace be upon him, has rightly guided successors who carried out his Sunnah in spreading knowledge calling to Islam, and managing the Muslims’ affairs. We believe that the best among them and the most entitled to the caliphate was Abu Bakr as Siddiq, then ‘Umar Ibn al-Khattab, then ‘Uthman Ibn Affan and then ‘All Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with them all. Thus their succession to the caliphate was according to their virtues. Allah, the Exalted, who possesses infinite wisdom, would not appoint a ruler over the best of generations unless he was the most superior among them and had the best claim to caliphate.

We believe that the inferior among those rightly guided companions can be superior in a specific virtue to those who were better than him but that he does not deserve absolute superiority, for the elements constituting superiority are varied and numerous.

We believe that the Muslim Ummah is the best among nations, and Allah, the Dignified and Exalted, has blessed it, because He said: “You are the best nation ever brought forth for mankind, enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah” The Prophet’s Companions:

We believe that the best among the Muslim Ummah are the Prophet’s Companions, then their followers, and then those who followed them.

We also believe that a group of this Ummah will always remain victorious on the right path, unharmed by those who let them down or those who oppose them, until the Day of Judgment.

We believe that the disputes that took place among the Prophet’s Companions were the result of sincere interpretations that they worked hard to reach. Whoever was right among them will be rewarded twice, and whoever was wrong among them will be rewarded once and his mistake will be forgiven.

It is our opinion that we should stop talking about their mistakes and mention what they deserve of beautiful praise. We should purify our hearts from hatred and malice against any of them, because Allah said about them: “They are not equal: those among you who spent and who fought before the conquest of Makkah. Those are higher in rank than those who spent and fought afterwards. But to all Allah has promised a great reward” (57:10). And Allah said about us: “And those who came after them say: ‘Our Lord, forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in faith, and do not put in our hearts any malice against those who have believed. Our Lord, You are the most Kind, Most Merciful”‘ (59:10).

Belief in Allah’s Books

Belief in Allah’s Books:

We believe that Allah revealed books to His messengers as proof against mankind and a guidance for the righteous workers. They purified and taught them wisdom by these books.

We believe that Allah sent down a book with every messenger, because He says: “Indeed We sent down Our messengers with the clear signs, and We sent down with them the book and the balance, so that people may uphold justice” (57:25).

Books Known:

Among the books that were revealed, we know:

I ) The Torah, which was revealed to Moses, peace be upon him. It is the greatest among the Israelites’ books: “Surely, We sent down the Torah, wherein is guidance and light; by its laws the Jews have been judged by the prophets who surrendered themselves to Allah, the rabbis and the doctors of law, because they were entrusted the protection of Allah’s book and were witnesses thereto” (5:44).

2) The Gospel, which Allah revealed to Jesus, peace be upon him. It is a confirmation of the Torah and a complement to it: “And we gave him the Gospel, wherein is guidance and light and confirming the Torah before it, as a guidance and an admonition to the God-fearing” (5:46); “And to make lawful to you certain things that, before, were forbidden to you” (3:50).

3) The Psalms, which Allah gave to David, peace be upon him.

4) The Tablets of Abraham and Moses, peace be upon them.

5) The Glorious Qur’an, which was revealed to His Prophet Muhammad, the Seal of the Prophets. It is “a guidance to the people and clear signs of guidance and the criterion between right and wrong” (2:185). The Qur’an Is Protected from Change:

The Qur’an is “confirming the scripture that was before it and stands as a guardian over it.” Thus, by means of the Qur’an, Allah abrogated all the previous revealed books. Allah has also guaranteed its protection from any play or mischievous distortion: “Indeed, We sent down the message and We will guard it” (15:9), for the Qur’an is a proof against mankind till the Day of Judgment.

Previous Scriptures Changed:

The previous scriptures were meant for a limited period. Their use ended with the revelation of the Qur’an, which abrogated them and exposed their distortions and changes. That is why they were not protected from corruption. They underwent distortion, addition, and omission: “Some of the Jews pervert words from their meanings” (4:46); “So woe to those who write the Book with their hands, and then say: ‘This is from Allah,’ that they may sell it for a little price. So woe to them for what their hands have written, and woe to them for their earnings” (2:79); “Say, who sent down the Book that Moses brought as a light and a guidance to people? You put it into sheets of paper showing some of them and concealing much” (6:91); “And there is a group among them who twist their tongues with the Book, that you may think it is a part of the Book but it is not part of the Book. And they say ‘It is from Allah,’ yet it is not from Allah, and they tell a lie against Allah and they know it. It is not for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book, the Wisdom and the Prophet hood to say to men ‘Worship me instead of Allah”‘ (3:79); “People of the Book! Our Messenger has come to you, making clear to you many things you have been concealing of the Book and forgiving you of much. A light has come to you from Allah and a glorious Book, with which He will guide whoever follows His pleasure in the way of peace, and brings them forth from darkness into the light by His will” (5:15-16).

Belief in Angels

Belief in Angels:

We believe in the existence of the angels of Allah and that they are “honored servants. They do not speak before He does, and they act only by His command” (21:26). Allah created them, and they worship and obey Him. Those who are in His presence do not disdain to worship Him, nor do they weary” (21:19).

Angels are concealed from us, so we cannot see them. Allah may show them to some of His servants. The Prophet Muhammad saw Gabriel in his real shape with six hundred wings that covered the horizons (Bukhari and Muslim). Gabriel took the form of a handsome human being who met Mary and engaged in conversation with her. He came to the Prophet while he was among his Companions in the appearance of an unknown man who did not show any trace of long travel, with very white clothes, and very black hair. He sat facing the Prophet, his knees to the Prophet’s knees, peace be upon him, and his palms on the Prophet’s thighs and talked with the Prophet. The Prophet later told his Companions that the man they saw was Gabriel (Bukhari and Muslim).

Angels’ Functions: We believe that the angels are assigned certain functions. Among the angels is Gabriel, who is entrusted with revelation. He brings it down from Allah to whomever He wishes among His prophets and messengers.

Among them is Michael, who is in charge of rain and the growth of plants; Israfil, who is in charge of blowing the horn at the time of thunder-bolting and the resurrection; the Angel of Death, who takes away people’s souls at the time of death. Among the angels is the one who is in charge of mountains; and Malik, the keeper of Hell.

Some angels are in charge of embryos in wombs, others are responsible for protecting human beings, and others are busy recording men’s deeds: there are two angels for every person, “when the two angels receive (his deeds), one sitting on the right and one on the left, not a word he utters but by him is an observer ready” (50:18). Some other angels are in charge of questioning the dead after he is placed in his last abode. Two angels come to him and ask him about his Lord, his religion, and his prophet. There “Allah confirms those who believe with the firm saying, in the present life and the hereafter, and Allah leads astray the evildoers and Allah does what He wills” (14:27).

Some angels are in charge of the dwellers of Paradise: “The angels enter to them from every gate, saying: ‘Peace be upon you for that you were patient. How excellent is your final home”‘ (13:24).

The Prophet, peace be upon him, told us that “seventy thousand angels enter or pray in the populous house in heaven every day. They never come back to it as long as they live” (because their turn will never come) (Bukhari and Muslim).

THE QUR’AN AND THE SUNNAH

Sources of His Attributes:

All that we have mentioned about Allah’s attributes, whether briefly or in detail and affirmatively or negatively, is based on the book of our Lord (the Qur’an) and the traditions of our Prophet. It also agrees with the practice of the previous generations of Muslims and the rightly guided scholars who came after them.

We believe it is obligatory to take the texts of the Qur’an and the prophetic traditions conceding Allah’s attributes at their face value and to interpret them in a way that is suitable to Almighty Allah. We reject the practice of those who twist the meanings of these texts and understand them in a way that was not intended by Allah and His messenger.

We also reject the practice of those who make them devoid of their meanings as conveyed by Allah and His Messenger. Finally, we reject the approach of those who exaggerate, who gave them a physical interpretation that makes Allah similar to some of His creatures.

Free from Contradictions:

We know for sure that what is revealed in Allah’s book and in the traditions of His Messenger is the truth. It does not contain any contradiction: “Do they not ponder over the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah, surely they would have found in it a lot of differences” (4: 82).

Contradictions in statements falsify them. It is impossible for there to be a contradiction in any statement revealed by Allah and said by His Messenger, peace be upon him. Whoever claims that there are contradictions in the Qur’an, the prophetic traditions, or between the two must have wicked intentions and a misguided heart. He should repent and quit his sin. If someone imagines that there are some contradictions in the Qur’an, the sayings of the Prophet, or between these two, this must be a result of his little knowledge, inadequate understanding, or lack of deep thinking. Therefore, he should seek knowledge and do his best to reflect upon matters until the truth is clear to him. If, after all of these efforts, the truth is not clear to him, he should leave the whole matter to the One who knows it and should quit his imagination. He should say, as do those who are firmly rooted in knowledge: “We believe in it, all is from our Lord” (3:7). He must know that there are neither contradictions nor differences in the Qur’an, the Sunnah, or between the two.

Our Creed

Our creed is to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Day of Judgment, and Fate whether good or bad.

Belief in Allah’s Lordship, Oneness, and Attributes:

We believe in Allah’s divinity; that is he is the Lord, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the Manager of all affairs.

We believe in Allah’s godship; that is, He is the true God and every other so-called deity is false.

We believe in His names and attributes, that is He has the most magnificent names and the sublime perfect attributes.

We believe in His oneness in all of this, that is, He has no associate in His divinity, His God ship, His names, or His attributes. Allah says in the Qur’an: “He is the Lord of the heavens and the Earth and all that is in between them, so worship Him and be patient in His worship; do you know any equal to Him?” (19:65).

We believe that He is “Allah there is no God but He, the Living, the Everlasting. Slumber does not seize Him, neither sleep; to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and the Earth. Who is there that shall intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them, and they do not encompass anything of His knowledge except what He wills. His throne extends over the heavens and the Earth, the preservation of them does not burden Him; He is the High, the Great” (2:255).

We believe that “He is Allah, there is no god but He, the Knower of the Unseen and the Visible. He is the Most Gracious, Most Merciful. He is Allah, there is no God but He, the King, the Holy One, the Source of Peace, the Keeper of Faith, the Guardian, the Almighty, the Subduer, the Sublime. Glory be to Allah above what they associate with Him. He is Allah, the Creator, the Maker, the Shaper. His are the most beautiful Names. All that is in the heavens and the Earth glorifies Him. He is the Almighty, the Wise” (59:22-4). € We believe that to Him belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens and the Earth: “He creates what He pleases. He gives, to whom He wills, females, and He gives, to whom He wills, males, or He couples them, males and females; and He makes whom He wills barren. Surely, He is the Knowing, the Powerful” (42:49-50).

We believe that “there is nothing whatever like unto Him, He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing. To Him belongs the keys of the Heavens and the Earth. He enlarges and restricts provisions to whom He wills. Surely He has knowledge of everything” (42:11-12).

We believe that “there is no creature that moves on the Earth but its provision depends on Allah. He knows its dwelling and its resting place. All is recorded in a clear book” (11:6).

We believe that “with Him are the keys of the unseen; none knows them but He. He knows what is in land and sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. Not a grain in the deep darkness of the Earth, not a thing green or dry but it is in a clear Book” (6 :5 9 ).

We believe that “Allah alone has the knowledge of the Hour, sends down rain, and knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it shall earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it shall die. Surely, Allah is All-knowing, All-aware” (31:34).

We believe that Allah speaks whatever He pleases whenever He pleases: “And Allah spoke to Moses directly” (4:164); “And when Moses came at Our appointed place, and his Lord spoke to him” (7:143 ); “We called to him from the right side of the Mount (Sinai), and We brought him near in communion” (19:52).

We believe that “if the ocean became ink for the words of my Lord, the ocean would be finished before the words of my Lord came to an end” (18:109); “And if all the trees that are in the earth were pens, and the ocean (were ink), with seven oceans swelling it therefore, the words of Allah would not be exhausted. Surely, Allah is Mighty, Wise” (31 :27).

We believe that Allah’s words are the most truthful in conveying information, the most just in ruling, and the fairest in conversation. He said: “The word of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and justice” (6:115); “And who is more truthful in his word than Allah?” (4:87).

We believe that the Qur’an is Allah’s word. He literally spoke it to Gabriel, who conveyed it to the Prophet, peace be upon him: “Say (O Muhammad) ‘the Holy Spirit has brought it down from your Lord in truth”‘ (16:102); “Truly it is the revelation of the Lord of the world brought down upon your heart by the Faithful Spirit so that you may be one of the warners, in a clear Arabic tongue” (26:192-95).

We believe that Allah is well above His creatures in His Person and His Attributes, because He says: “He is the High, the Great” (2:22); “He is Supreme over His servants, and He is the Wise, the All-aware” (6:18 ).

We believe that He “created the Heavens and the Earth in six days, then He settled Himself on the throne; He manages everything” (10:3). His “settling on the throne” means that He is sitting in person on His throne in a way that is becoming to His majesty and greatness. Nobody except He knows exactly how He is sitting.

We believe that He is with His creatures while He is still on His throne. He knows their conditions, hears their sayings, sees their deeds, and manages their affairs. He provides for the poor and the broken.

He gives sovereignty to whom He pleases and takes away sovereignty from whom He pleases; He exalts whom He wills and He abases whom He wills. In His hand is all good and He is powerful over everything. Whoever possesses these qualities is literally with His creatures even if He is literally above them on His throne. “There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him; He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing” (42: 11).

We do not say, as do the Incarnationists among the Jahamites and others, that Allah is living with His creatures on Earth. We consider whoever says this a non-believer or one who has strayed, for he attributed to Allah that which does not become Him of defects.

We believe in what His Messenger told us, that He descends to the near sky before the last third of every night and says: “Who prays to Me and I will answer his prayers? Who asks Me and I will give him? Who asks My forgiveness and I will forgive him?” (Bukhari and Muslim).

We believe that He will come on the Day of Judgment to judge among His people because He said: “No indeed! When the Earth is crushed to powder, and your Lord comes down with the angels in rows after rows, and Hell is brought out that day. On that day man will remember, but what will remembrance avail him?” (89:21-23).

We believe that he is the Doer of what He wills.

Allah’s Will: Universal and Legal:

We believe that His will is of two kinds: a) Universal will, through which His intention is carried out. It is not necessary that what is carried out is liked by Him. This type of will means permission, as Allah said: “Had Allah willed, they would not have fought one against the other, but Allah does whatever He desires,” (2:253) and “If Allah desires to lead you astray, He is your Lord” (11:34), and b) Legal will, which does not necessarily entail the execution of His desire. His will, in this case, cannot be but what He likes, as He said: “Allah wants to forgive you” (4:27).

We believe that His universal and legal wills are part of His wisdom. Every thing He performs in the universe or requires legally from His creatures is for a good reason and according to His wisdom, whether we grasp it or not: “Is not Allah the best of Judges?” (95:8); “And who is better than Allah in judgment for a people who have firm faith” (5:50).

We believe that Allah loves His select servants and that they love Him: “Say if you love Allah, follow me and Allah will love you” (3:31); “Allah will bring a people whom He will love and who will love Him” (5:54); “Allah loves the steadfast” (3:146); “And act justly, surely, Allah loves the just” (49:9); and “Do good; Allah loves those who do good” (5:93).

We believe that Allah likes what He prescribed of good deeds and sayings and He dislikes what He prohibited of bad deeds and sayings: “If you disbelieve, surely Allah does not need you, yet He does not like disbelief for His servants; if you are thankful, this pleases Him”(39:7); and “But Allah disliked their marching forth. So He kept them back, and it was said to them: ‘Stay with the weaklings”(9: 46).

We believe that Allah is pleased with those who believe in Him and do good deeds: “Allah is well pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him. That is for him who fears his Lord” (98:8).

We believe that Allah is angry with those who deserve His anger among the non-believers and others: “And those who think evil thoughts of Allah, against them shall be the evil turn of fortune. Allah is angry with them” (48:6); ” But whoever opens his heart to disbelief, on them is Allah’s wrath and they shall have a severe punishment” (16:106).

More of Allah’s Attributes: We believe that Allah has a glorious and dignified face: “There will remain the face of your Lord, majestic and splendid” (55:27).

We believe that Allah has two generous hands: “No, both His hands are wide open; He spends how He pleases” (5:64); “They do not esteem Allah with the esteem that is due to Him. The whole Earth will be His handful on the Day of Resurrection, and the Heavens will be rolled up in His right hand. Glory be to Him and exalted is He above that which they associate with Him” (39:67).

We believe that Allah possesses two real eyes, because He said: “And build the ark under Our eyes as We reveal” (11:37). The Prophet, peace be upon him, said: “His veil is light. Had He removed it, the sublimity of His countenance would have burnt all that His sight reached” (Muslim and Ibn Majah). The Sunnites unanimously have agreed that He has two eyes. This is supported by the Prophet’s saying about the Dajjal (the anti-Christ) that “he is one-eyed and your Lord is not one-eyed” (Bukhari and Muslim).

We believe that “vision cannot perceive Him, but He perceives all vision. He is the Incomprehensible, the All-aware” (6:103).

We believe that the believers will see their Lord on the Day of Resurrection: “Upon that day some faces shall be radiant, gazing upon their Lord” (75:22-3).

We believe that Allah has no equal because His Attributes are perfect: “There is nothing whatsoever like unto Him. He is the All-hearing, the All-seeing” (42:11). € We believe that “no slumber or sleep seizes Him” (2:255), because His life is perfect and eternal.

We believe that He does not do injustice to anybody, because His fairness is perfect.

We believe that He is not unaware of his servants’ deeds, because He has perfect supervision and comprehensive knowledge.

We believe that He is capable of doing anything in the Heavens or in the Earth, because of His perfect knowledge and power: “Indeed His command, when He desires a thing, is only to say to it ‘Be’ and it is” (36: 82).

We believe that He is free from weariness and weakness, because of His infinite power: “Surely, We created the Heavens and the Earth and all that is between them in six days, and no weariness touched Us” (50: 38).

Describing Allah by His Revelation:

We believe in all that He assigned to Himself or what His Messenger described Him with, of names and attributes. However, we reject two concepts: 1) To say or believe that Allah’s attributes are similar to those of his creatures; and 2) To say or believe that Allah’s attributes are like such and such.

We negate all what He negated about Himself or what His Messenger negated about Him. We believe that negation implies the affirmation of its perfect opposite. We do not discuss what He or His Messenger did not mention about Him.

We believe that following this approach is a must, because what Allah affirmed or negated concerning Himself is a statement He made about Himself. He knows Himself best. His words are most just and trustful, and people cannot know everything about Him. What Allah’s Messenger affirmed or negated about Him is a statement that he made about Allah. Besides knowing Allah better than anyone, he is the most truthful, sincere, and eloquent among people. Thus, in what Allah said and what His Prophet said concerning His names and attributes is the truth, knowledge, and clarification. Therefore, we have no excuse to reject or even hesitate in accepting it.

The Muslim’s Creed in Q&A format…..

The Muslim’s Creed

Question No.1
Why has Allaah created us?

Answer
To worship Him alone and to worship no other besides Him.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And I have not created Jinn and human beings except they should worship Me}, {Soorah adh-Dhaariyaat, Aayah 56]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The right of Allaah upon slaves is to worship Him and not to associate partners with Him)), Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.2
How should we worship Allaah?

Answer
As Allaah and His Messenger commanded us.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him alone}, {Soorah al-Bayyinah, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever does any deed (in religion) which our matter in not in accordance with, it will not be accepted)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.3
Should we worship Allaah with fear and hope?

Answer
Yes, we worship Him with fear and hope.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And invoke Him with fear and hope}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 56]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I beseech Allaah to grant me Paradise and I seek refuge in Him from Hellfire)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.4
What is Ihsaan (perfection in worship)?

Answer
Ihsaan is to be conscious that Allaah sees us during worship.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Who sees you (O Muhammad) when you stand up (alone at night for Tahajjud prayer)}, {Soorah ash-Shu’araa, Aayah‘s 218]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Ihsaan is to worship Allaah as if you are seeing Him, yet truly He is seeing you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.5
Why did Allaah send the Messengers?

Answer
To call mankind to His worship and to reject the worship of anything besides Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And verily We have sent among every nation a Messenger (proclaiming) worship Allaah alone and avoid Taaghoot (false deities)}, {Soorah an-Nahl, Aayah 36]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The prophets are brothers and their faith is one)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.6
What is meant by (Tawheed) oneness of Allaah?

Answer
It means devoting worship to him alone like supplication, vow, judgment.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{So know (O Muhammad) that there is no God except Allaah}, {Soorah Muhammad, Aayah 19]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Let the first thing you invite them to do is to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.7
What is the meaning of there is no God but Allaah?

Answer
It means there is no deity that truly deserves to be worshipped except Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{That is because Allaah, He is the truth and that is which they invoke besides Him is al-Baatil (falsehood, Satan, and all other deities)}, {Soorah al-Hajj, Aayah 62]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever says there is no God except Allaah and rejects whatever is worshipped besides Allaah, his property and blood become sacrosanct and his reckoning with Allaah , the Mighty and Exalted)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.8
What is meant by oneness of names and attributes of Allaah?

Answer
To confirm the names and attributes as Allaah described them in His Book and as His Messenger described them in authentic Sunnah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{There is nothing like unto Him and His the All-Hearer, the All-Seer}, {Soorah ash-Shooraa, Aayah 11]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah descends each night to the first heaven)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.9
What is the benefit of monotheism (oneness of Allaah) to the Muslim?

Answer
Right guidance in this world and salvation from eternal punishment in the Hereafter.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{It is those who believe (in oneness of Allaah) and confuse not their belief with Thulm (wrong) by worshipping others besides Allaah) for them (only) there is security and they are guided}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 82]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The right of worshippers upon Allaah is that He will not punish those who worship none beside Him)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.10
Where is Allaah?

Answer
Allaah is over the Throne which is above the seven heavens.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{ar-Rahmaan (The Merciful) Istawaa (rose over) the Throne}, {Soorah Taa Haa, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah wrote out in a book with Him over the throne that His Mercy preceded His Wrath)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.11
Is Allaah with us by His entity or knowledge?

Answer
Allaah with us by His knowledge, He hears and sees us.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{He (Allaah) said: Fear not, verily I am with you both, Hearing and Seeing}, {Soorah Taa Haa, Aayah 46]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((You call upon the one Who hears, Who is near and is with you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.12
What is the greatest sin with Allaah?

Answer
It is the major Shirk (polytheism).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily whoever sets partners with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden paradise for him and the Fire will be his abode}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 72]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The Prophet was asked : what is the greater sin , he said: To ascribe partners to Allaah even though he created you)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.13
What is the major shirk (polytheism)?

Answer
It is to devote any forms of worship to one other than Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily Allaah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him in worship, but He forgives except that to whom He pleases}, {Soorah an-Nisaa., Aayah 48]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The greatest sins are polytheism etc.)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.14
What is the harm of major shirk?

Answer
The reason for eternity in Hellfire.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily whoever assigns partners (commits Shirk) to Allaah, Allaah makes it impermissible for him to enter al-Jannah}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 72]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever died while joining partners with Allaah (commits Shirk) enters Hellfire)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.15
Are good deeds of any benefit to one who worships others besides Allaah?

Answer
No, good deeds are of no benefit to those who worship others besides Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But if they had joined in worship others with Allaah, all that they used to do would have been of no benefit to them}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 88]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Who ever does any deed in which he associates partners with Me, I reject him and his Shirk)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.16
Does Shirk exist among Muslims today?

Answer
Yes, it does exist.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And most of them believe not in Allaah except that they attribute partners (unto Him)}, {Soorah Yoosuf, Aayah 106]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The doom Day will not occur until some tribes of my Ummah (Islaamic nation) have joined the idolaters and they will even worship idols)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.17
What is ruling concerning praying (supplicating) to other than Allaah like the dead?

Answer
Praying to them is a major Shirk.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Invoke not with Allaah another ilaah (God) Lest you be among those who receive punishment}, {Soorah ash-Shu’araa, Aayah 213]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever dies having called upon partners besides Allaah shall enter Hellfire)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.18
Is supplication a form of worship?

Answer
Yes, supplication is worship.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And your Lord said: Invoke Me, I will respond to your invocation}, {Soorah Ghaafir, Aayah 60]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Supplication is worship)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.19
Do dead hear our supplication?

Answer
No, they do not hear.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But you can not make hear those who are in graves}, {Soorah Faatir, Aayah 22]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah Has assigned angels to inform me of my nation salutation)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.20
Do we seek help from those who are dead, or from those who are not present?

Answer
No we do not seek help from, we rather seek help from Allaah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Remember when you sought help of your Lord, and He answered you}, {Soorah al-Anfaal, Aayah 9]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((O Ever-Living, Self-Subsistent, upon Him all subsist, I seek help through Your Mercy)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.21
Is it permitted to seek help from any other besides Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{You (alone) we worship and you (alone) we ask for help}, {Soorah al-Faatihah, Aayah 5]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((If you ask, ask of Allaah, if you seek help seek help of Allaah)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.22
May seek help from the living?

Answer
Yes, in the matters in which they are able to help.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Help one another in al-Birr and at-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness)}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 2]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah helps the worshipper as long as the worshipper helps his brother)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.23
Is it allowed to make vows to other than Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not allowed to swear oaths except in Allaah’s Name.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O my Lord I have vowed to You what is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services}, {Soorah Aal-‘Imraan, Aayah 35]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever vows to obey Allaah should obey Him, and whoever vows to disobey Him should not disobey Him)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.24
Is it allowed to sacrifice in any name besides Allaah?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)}, {Soorah al-Kowthar, Aayah 2]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah curses whoever sacrifices and slaughters in any name other than Allaah)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.25
Is it permitted to circumambulate the graves of pious men?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’bah in Makkah)}, {Soorah al-Hajj, Aayah 29]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever circumambulate the House (Ka’bah) seven times and prays two rak’ah)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Question No.26
Is it allowed to pray while the grave is in front of you?

Answer
No, it is not allowed.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{So turn your face in the direction of al-Masjid al-Haraam}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 144]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Don‘t sit on the graves and do not pray towards them)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.27
What is the ruling in Islaam concerning the practice of sihr (black magic/sorcery)?

Answer
The practice of sihr is considered an act of disbelief.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{But the Devils disbelieved, teaching men sihr (magic and such things)}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 102]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Avoid seven destroyers: Shirk, sihr…)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.28
Should we believe the claims of fortunetellers and soothsayers?

Answer
No, we should not believe them.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (unseen)}, {Soorah an-Naml, Aayah 65]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever goes to a fortuneteller or soothsayer, and believe what they say, has disbelieved in what has been revealed to Muhammad)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.29
Does any one have the knowledge of the (unseen)?

Answer
No one but Allaah alone has the knowledge of the unseen.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And with Him are the keys of Ghayb (unseen), none knows them but He}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 59]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((No one has the knowledge of the unseen except Allaah)), [Transmitted by at-Tabaraanee]


Question No.30
By what sources do the Muslims govern?

Answer
Muslims govern by laws laid down in the Qur.aan and authentic Ahadeeth.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And so judge (you O Muhammad) between them by what Allaah has revealed}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 49]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Allaah is the judge and to whom is the return)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.31
What is the ruling in Islaam concerning applying non – Islaamic laws?

Answer
It is an act of disbelief.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, such are the disbelievers}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((When the leaders do not rule by Allaah’s Book (Qur.aan) and choose the good from that which Allaah has revealed, Allaah will cause conflict among them)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Question No.32
Is it permitted to swear by other than Allaah’s Name?

Answer
No, it is not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: Yes! By my Lord you will certainly be resurrected}, {Soorah at-Taghaabun, Aayah 7]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever swears by anyone other than Allaah, has associated partners with Allaah)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.33
Should we wear good luck charms (like amulets or talismans)?

Answer
No, we should not wear them.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if Allaah touches you with harm none can remove it but He}, {Soorah al-An’aam, Aayah 17]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever wears an amulet has committed Shirk)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.34
Through what may we seek intercession with Allaah?

Answer
By His Names and Attributes.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And (all ) the most beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 180]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I ask you by all your names, with which you wave named your self)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.35
Does any supplication to Allaah require a human intermediary?

Answer
No, prayer does not require a human intermediary.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And when my slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me, then I am indeed near (to them by My knowledge)}, {Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 186]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((You pray to the one who hears all and He is near and He is with you)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.36
What is the mediation (waasitah) of the Messenger?

Answer
The mediation of the Messenger is the transmission of Allaah’s Message.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O Messenger (Muhammad) proclaim what has been sent down to you from your Lord}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 67]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Oh Allaah, have I proclaimed your message? Oh Allaah bear witness. (In response to the statement of the Sahaabah, “Indeed, we bear witness that you have proclaimed the message.”))), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.37
From whom may we seek the Messenger’s intercession?

Answer
From Allaah alone.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say: To Allaah belongs all intercession}, {Soorah az-Zumar, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Oh Allaah grant to him (the Prophet) intercession for me)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee]


Question No.38
How do we demonstrate our love for Allaah and his Messenger?

Answer
By obeying and following their commands.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say (O Muhammad to mankind) if you really love Allaah then follow me, Allaah will love you}, {Soorah Aal-‘Imraan, Aayah 31]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((None of you have perfect faith until you love me more than your parents, children, and all mankind)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.39
Should we be excessive in our praise for the Messenger?

Answer
No, we should not be excessive in our praise to him.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Say I am only a man like you. It has been inspired to me that your god is one ilaah (Allaah)}, {Soorah al-Kahf, Aayah 110]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Do not exaggerate in praising me, I am only a slave. So say Allaah’s slave and Messenger)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree]


Question No.40
Who were the first creation?

Answer
From human being was Adam and from things was the pen.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Remember when your Lord said to the angels truly I am going to create man from clay}, {Soorah Sa’d, Aayah 71]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The first thing created by Allaah was the pen)), [Transmitted by at-Tirmidhee and Abu Daawood]


Question No.41
From what was Prophet Muhammad created?

Answer
He was created from Nutfah (drops of semen – male and female discharges).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{It is He Who created you (Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah}, {Soorah Ghaafir, Aayah 67]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((In every one of you, all components are created together in your mother’s womb by 40 days)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.42
What is the status of jihad for the sake of Allaah in Islaam?

Answer
It is obligatory with lives, wealth and speech.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{March forth , whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor) strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the cause of Allaah}, {Soorah at-Towbah, Aayah 41]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Fight against the polytheisms with your wealth, lives and speech)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.43
What is Walaa (friendship and loyalty)?

Answer
Walaa (friendship and loyalty) is love and help of the faithful believers.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{The believers men and women are Awliyaa (helpers, supporters friends and protectors) of one another}, {Soorah at-Towbah, Aayah 71]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The faithful believers are as a brick structure, each supporting the other)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.44
Is seeking the friendship and help of disbelievers permitted?

Answer
No, it s not permitted.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if any amongst you take them as Auliyaa then surely he is one of them}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 51]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((The people of such and such clan are not my supporters (Awliyaa))), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.45
Who is Walee (friend)?

Answer
A Walee is a true believer, who fears Allaah very much.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Verily, Awliyaa of Allaah no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve}, {Soorah Yoonus, Aayah‘s 62-63]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((My only Walee is Allaah then the most pious among the true believers)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.46
Why did Allaah reveal the Qur.aan?

Answer
So as to apply it to our daily life.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Follow what has been sent down to you from your Lord}, {Soorah al-A’raaf, Aayah 3]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Read Qur.aan and apply it, do not make your living from it)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.47
Is the Qur.aan alone sufficient for us without the Hadeeth (statements, actions, tacit approvals of the Prophet)?

Answer
No, it is not sufficient.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And We have sent down unto you (O Muhammad ) the reminder and the advice (the Qur.aan) that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought}, {Soorah an-Nahl, Aayah 44]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Indeed I have been given Qur.aan and along with it that which is like it)), [Transmitted by Abu Daawood]


Question No.48
Should we give priority to other opinions over the Word of Allaah and His Messengers?

Answer
No, we should not.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Oh you who believe, do not be forward (hasten not to decide) in the presence of Allaah and His Messenger}, {Soorah al-Hujuraat, Aayah 1]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((There is no obedience to the creatures if it means disobeying the Creator)), [Transmitted by Ahmad]


Question No.49
What should we do if we differ in the religious matters?

Answer
We should refer to holy Qur.aan and authentic Sunnah.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And if you differ in any thing amongst yourselves, refer back to Allaah and His Messenger}, {Soorah an-Nisaa., Aayah 59]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((I am leaving two things with you, you will never go astray if you hold fast to them, and they are Allaah’s Book and the Sunnah)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.50
What is (al-bid’ah) innovation in religion?

Answer
It is any thing not based on evidence from Islaamic law.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Or have they partners with Allaah who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed?}, {Soorah ash-Shooraa, Aayah 21]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever adds something new in our matter (Islaam), it will not be accepted)), [Transmitted by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]


Question No.51
Is there good innovation (bid’atun hasanatun) in religion?

Answer
No, there is no good innovation in religion.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed my favour on you, and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion}, {Soorah al-Maa.idah, Aayah 3]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Beware of new things (in the matters of religion) for every new thing is innovation, every innovation is heresy and every heresy leads to Hellfire)), [Transmitted by an-Nasaa.ee]


Question No.52
Is there such a thing as Sunnah Hasanah in Islaam?

Answer
Yes, there is Sunnah Hasanah are good deeds (such as giving charity).

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{And made us leaders of the Muttaqoon (the pious)}, {Soorah al-Furqaan, Aayah 74]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Whoever introduces a good practice into Islaam, will have the reward for it and the reward of those who follow his practice thereafter, yet they will lose nothing of their reward)), [Transmitted by Muslim]


Question No.53
Is it enough for a person to reform himself?

Answer
No, it is a duty on him to reform his relatives also.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{Oh you who believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire}, {Soorah at-Tahreem, Aayah 6]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((Verily Allaah will ask every shepherd about his flock. Did he protect it or lose it?)), [Transmitted by an-Nasaa.ee who declared it hasan]


Question No.54
When will Muslims be victorious?

Answer
When they apply Qur.aan and Sunnah (fully) in their lives.

Evidence from the Noble Qur.aan
{O you who believe! If you help in the cause of Allaah, He will help you, and make your foothold firm}, {Soorah Muhammed, Aayah 7]

Evidence from the authentic Sunnah
((There will always be a victorious group from my nation)), [Transmitted by Ibn Maajah]


Shaykh Muhammad ibn Jameel Zeenoo

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