Da’eef`(Weak): Hadeeth No 44 “Whoever listens to any verse of Allaah’s Book will receive a good reward that will be multiplied; and whoever recites it will have light on the Day of Judgement.”

[It has been narrated ] on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (radhiyallaahu ‘anhu), the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaah ‘alayhe wa sallam) said:  “Whoever listens to any verse of Allaah’s Book will receive a good reward that will be multiplied; and whoever recites it will have light on the Day of Judgement.”

Dha’eef (weak) – It was collected by Ahmad from ‘Ubaadah ibn Muyassarah, whose reliability has been disputed. The chain also has Al-Hasan reporting from Aboo Hurayrah, and the majority of the scholars hold that Al-Hasan did not hear from Aboo Hurayrah.

Imaam Muhammad Naasirud-Deen Al-Albaanee
Source: Dha’eef At-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb #859 -(v.1, p.428-434),

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Da’eef`Jiddan (Very Weak): Hadeeth No 43 “Sincerity is one of My secret blessings, which I have instilled in the heart of those whom I love among My slaves?”

This hadeeth is da’eef jiddan (very weak) or mawdoo’ (fabricated). 

It was narrated by al-Qazweeni in his Musalsalaat, as al-Iraaqi said in Takhreej Ihyaa’ ‘Uloom al-Deen, 4/365, from the hadeeth of Hudhayfah (may Allaah be pleased with him). But its isnaad includes Ahmad ibn ‘Ataa’ al-Hujaymi and ‘Abd al-Wahid ibn Zayd, both of whom are matrook (i.e., their hadeeth is not accepted). 

It was also narrated by al-Daylami in Musnad al-Firdaws, 3/187, from ‘Ali and Ibn ‘Abbaas. 

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari, 4/109, (it is) a waahin jiddan hadeeth (i.e., very flimsy).

Da’eef` (Weak): Hadeeth No 42

“Do not please anyone by angering Allaah, do not thank anyone for the blessings of Allaah, and do not condemn anyone for that which Allaah did not give you. For the provision of Allaah does not come to you because of anyone’s efforts and it is not diverted from you because of anyone’s hatred. By His fairness and justice, Allaah has connected peace and joy to contentment and certain faith, and He has connected worry and distress to discontentment.”

This hadeeth was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 10/215. 

Al-Haythami said:  It was narrated by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, and its isnaad includes Khaalid ibn Yazeed al-‘Umari, who was accused of fabricating hadeeth.  Majmaa’ al-Zawaa’id, 4/71. 

It was also narrated – via a different isnaad – by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah (5/106) and by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan, 1/221. 

Its isnaad includes ‘Atiyah al-‘Awfi, who is da’eef (weak), and the comments of the scholars concerning him have been quoted above book (p. 78); and it includes Muhammad ibn Marwaan al-Saddi, who is matrook al-hadeeth (his hadeeth is not to be accepted). 

Yahyaa ibn Ma’een said: he is not thiqah (trustworthy), and on one occasion he said: he is nothing. Ibraaheem said: he is kadhdhaab (a liar).

Al-Sa’di said, he is dhaahib (i.e., his hadeeth is not accepted).

Al-Nasaa’i, Abu Haatim al-Raazi and al-Azdi said: he is matrook al hadeeth (his hadeeth is not to be accepted).

Al-Bukhaari said: his hadeeth should not be written down. And on one occasion he said: they did not say anything concerning him.

Ibn Hibbaan said: his hadeeth is not to be written down, and it is haraam to use his hadeeth as evidence. 

See Meezaan al-I’tidaal, 6/328; al-Du’afaa’ wa’l-Matrookeen, 3/98 

It was also narrated by Hannaad al-Sirri in al-Zuhd, 1/304; and by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan, 1/221, with an isnaad which is mawqoof and stops at ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him).

Da’eef` (Weak): Hadeeth No 41 “Allaah revealed to one of His Prophets, ‘If you see poverty coming to you then say, Welcome, O sign of the righteous, and if you see richness coming to you, then say, A sin whose punishment has been hastened’”?

This hadeeth was narrated by al-Daylami in Musnad al-Firdaws – as al-Haafiz al-‘Iraaqi said – from the report of Makhool from Abu’l-Dardaa’. It is a da’eef (weak) hadeeth, for Makhool did not hear anything from Abu’l-Dardaa’. See Takhreej Ihyaa ‘Uloom al-Deen, 4/191. 

It was also narrated by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah (6/5) from the report of Mujaahid from Ka’b al-Ahbaar. 

And he narrated it in 6/37 from the report of Qutaadah from Ka’b al-Ahbaar. 

Both isnaads include Ishaaq ibn Bishr al-Kaahili, who is matrook [i.e., his hadeeth is not accepted].

Abu Zar’ah said: he used to tell lies.  

Al-Daaraqutni said he is kadhdhaab matrook (i.e., a liar whose hadeeth is not to be accepted).

Al-Azdi said: his hadeeth is to be rejected and is not valid, and he was accused of lying.

Ibn Hibbaan said: he used to fabricate hadeeth and attribute them to trustworthy narrators (thiqaat); his hadeeth should not be written down except by way of amusing oneself with something weird. 

See al-Jarh wa’l-Ta’deel, 2/214; al-Du’afaa wa’l-Matrookeen by Ibn al-Jawzi, 1/100. 

He is one of the storytellers and time-wasters. Al-Dhahabi said in his biography of him: the shaykh, the scholar, the storyteller, the weak narrator (da’eef), the time-waster, Abu Hudhayfah Ishaaq ibn Bishr ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Saalim al-Haashimi, whose teacher was al-Bukhaari the author of al-Mubtada’, which is a well known book in two volumes. Ibn Jareer and others narrated from him, and in it he spoke of weird and disastrous things. Siyar A’laam al-Nubala’, 9/477, 478.

Da’eef`(Weak): Hadeeth No 40 “Whoever preserves forty hadeeth for my ummah will be recorded as a faqeeh”

1 – This hadeeth is da’eef (weak). Despite its large number of isnaads they do not support one another, and there are many different versions with different wordings, such as, “…Allaah will resurrect him on the Day of Resurrection among the fuqaha’ and scholars,” and “… Allaah will resurrect him a scholar and a faqeeh,” and “I will be an intercessor and a witness for him on the Day of Resurrection,” etc. 

(a)     al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: 

It was narrated by al-Hasan ibn Sufyaan in his Musnad and in his Arba’een, from the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas, and he narrated it from thirteen of the Sahaabah. It was narrated by Ibn al-Jawzi in al-‘Ilal al-Mutanaahiyah, and he explained that all of these ahaadeeth are da’eef.  Ibn al-Mundhir discussed it in a separate volume, and I discussed it in the sixteenth chapter of al-Imla’. I mentioned all of its isnaads in one volume but there is not one isnaad that is free of faults.  Al-Talkhees al-Habeer, 3/93, 94. 

(b)    Ibn al-Mulaqqin said: 

The hadeeth “Whoever preserves forty hadeeth for my ummah will be recorded as a faqeeh” was narrated via approximately twenty isnaads, all of which are da’eef (weak). Al-Daaraqutni said: All its isnaads are da’eef and none of them are proven. Al-Bayhaqi said: Its isnaads are weak. Khalaasat al-Badr al-Muneer, 2/145 

Al-Bayhaqi said: 

This text is well known among the people but it has no saheeh isnaad. Shu’ab al-Eemaan, 2/270 

Al-Nawawi said: 

The scholars of hadeeth are agreed that it is a weak hadeeth, although it has many narrations.  Muqaddimat al-Arba’een al-Nawawiyyah.  

2 – We should note here that there are reports in the Sunnah which mention the virtue of listening to the hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and conveying it, even if it is just one hadeeth. 

It was narrated that Zayd ibn Thaabit said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say, “May Allaah bless a man who hears a hadeeth from us and memorizes it so that he can convey it to others, for perhaps he is conveying it to one who will understand it better than him, and perhaps the one who conveys knowledge does not understand it himself.” (Narrated and classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi, 2656; also narrated by Abu Dawood. 3660; Ibn Maajah, 230). 

Al-Mubaarakfoori said: What is meant is that Allaah has singled him out for happiness and joy because of the knowledge with which He has blessed him and the status among people in this world and blessings in the Hereafter that he attains thereby, so that the joy and blessings are seen on his face. And it was suggested that the hadeeth indicates what happens to the person of joy and blessing that appears on his face. Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 7/347, 348 

Da’eef`(Weak): Hadeeth No 39 “When you pray Fajr, then say before speaking to any of the people, ‘Allaahumma ajirni min al-naar (O Allaah, protect me from the Fire)’ seven times. Then if you die on that day, Allaah will grant you protection from the Fire”

This hadeeth was narrated by Imam Ahmad in al-Musnad, 17362, and by Abu Dawood, 5079. The hadeeth is as follows: 

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When you pray Fajr, then say before speaking to any of the people, ‘Allaahumma ajirni min al-naar (O Allaah, protect me from the Fire)’ seven times. Then if you die on that day, Allaah will grant you protection from the Fire. And when you pray Maghrib, then say before speaking to any of the people, ‘Allaahumma inni as’aluka al-jannah, Allaahumma ajirni min al-naar (O Allaah, I ask You for Paradise, O Allaah, protect me from the Fire)’ seven times. Then if you die that night, Allaah will grant you protection from the Fire.” 

The hadeeth is not saheeh in its narration from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

See al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him), 1624. 

Based on this, it is not mustahabb to recite this du’aa’ after Fajr and Maghrib prayers. 

It was narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever asks Allaah for Paradise three times, Paradise will say, ‘O Allaah, admit him to Paradise.’ Whoever seeks protection from the Fire three times, Hell will say, ‘O Allaah, protect him from the Fire.’”  Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 2572; Ibn Maajah, 4340. This is a saheeh hadeeth; it was classed as saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6275). 

But there is nothing to state that this should be recited in conjunction with any particular prayer, or at any particular time. 

It is mustahabb for the believer to ask Allaah for Paradise a great deal, and to seek protection from Hell a great deal, without saying such words in conjunction with any particular prayer, or at any particular time.

 And Allaah knows best.

Munkar (Invalid/Rejected), Da’eef (Weak) Hadeeth No: 37 “Whoever prays forty prayers in my Mosque, missing no prayer, it will be recorded that he is safe from the Fire, is saved from punishment and is free of hypocrisy”

This hadeeth was narrated by Ahmad (12173) from Anas ibn Maalik from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is reported to have said, “Whoever prays forty prayers in my Mosque, missing no prayer, it will be recorded that he is safe from the Fire, is saved from punishment and is free of hypocrisy.” This is a da’eef (weak) hadeeth. 

This was mentioned by Shaykh al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah (364), who said: It is da’eef. He also mentioned it in Da’eef al-Targheeb (755) and said, it is munkar (a kind of weak hadeeth). 

Al-Albaani said in his book Hujjat al-Nabi (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) (p. 185) that it is an innovation (bid’ah) to visit Madeenah and tell the visitors to Madeenah to stay there for a week so that they will be able to offer forty prayers in the Prophet’s Mosque so that they will be free from hypocrisy and saved from the Fire.” 

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: With regard to the widespread idea that the visitor should stay for eight days so that he can offer forty prayers in the Mosque is wrong. Although it says in some ahaadeeth “Whoever offers forty prayers therein Allaah will decree that he is safe from the Fire and free from hypocrisy,” this hadeeth is da’eef according to the scholars and cannot be taken as proof or relied upon. There is no set limit for visiting the Prophet’s Mosque. If a person visits for an hour or two, or a day or two, or for more than that, there is nothing wrong with that. Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 17/406 

Instead of this hadeeth we should look at the hasan hadeeth narrated by al-Tirmidhi (241) concerning the virtue of always being present for the opening takbeer of prayer in congregation. It was narrated that Anas ibn Maalik said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Whoever prays for forty days with the congregation, always being present for the first takbeer, it will be written that he will be safe from two things: he will be safe from the Fire and safe from hypocrisy.” Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi, 200. 

The virtue mentioned in this hadeeth is general and applies to any mosque where prayers are offered in congregation, in any land; it does not apply only to al-Masjid al-Haraam [in Makkah] or al-Masjid al-Nabawi [in Madeenah]. 

Based on this, whoever consistently prays forty Days in congregation in which he is present for the first takbeer, it will be recorded that he will be safe from two things: safe from the Fire and safe from hypocrisy, whether the mosque is in Madeenah, Makkah or anywhere else.

Mawdoo` (Fabricated). Hadeeth No 38: “Whoever prays four rak’ahs on Saturday night, reciting in each rak’ah the Opening of the Book [al-Faatihah] once, and Qul Huwwa Allaahu Ahad [Soorat al-Ikhlaas] twenty-five times, Allaah will forbid his body to the Fire.”

This hadeeth is fabricated. It was quoted by al-Shawkaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) in al-Fawaa’id al-Majmoo’ah fi’l-Ahaadeeth al-Mawdoo’ah (p. 44), as quoted in the question. He said: It was narrated by al-Jawzaqaani from Anas in a marfoo’ report (i.e. attributed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)). But it is mawdoo’ (fabricated), and the men of its isnaad are either majhool (unknown) or matrook (rejected). 

Prayer at night is mustahabb on all days, and is not restricted to what is mentioned in this fabricated hadeeth.  

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and they spend (in charity in Allaah’s Cause) out of what We have bestowed on them.

No person knows what is kept hidden for them of joy as a reward for what they used to do” [al-Sajdah 32:16-17] 

“Verily, the Muttaqoon (the pious) will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs (in the Paradise), Taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them. Verily, they were before this Muhsinoon (good‑doers). They used to sleep but little by night [invoking their Lord (Allaah) and praying, with fear and hope]. And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allaah) for forgiveness” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:15-18] 

Al-Tirmidhi (3549) narrated from Abu Umaamah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I urge you to pray qiyaam al-layl, because that was the habit of the righteous who came before you; it will bring you closer to your Lord, expiate for bad deeds and keep you away from sin.”  Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Irwa’ al-Ghaleel, 452.

Hadeeth No. 36 “Seek help in having your needs met by being discreet, for everyone who is blessed with something is envied”

This hadeeth was narrated by al-Tabaraani in his three Mu’jams, by al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan, by Abu Na’eem in al-Hilyah; by Ibn ‘Adiyy in al-Kaamil, and by al-‘Aqeeli in al-Du’afa’.

The hadeeth says: “Seek help in having your needs met by being discreet, for everyone who is blessed with something is envied.” This was narrated from the hadeeth of Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, Ibn ‘Abbaas, Abu Hurayrah and Abu Bardah. 

Ibn Abi Haatim said that this hadeeth was Munkar (rejected). Ibn al-Jawzi ruled that it is Mawdoo’ (fabricated). 

It was classed as Da’eef (weak) by al-‘Iraaqi, al-Suyooti in al-Jaami’ al-Sagheer, and al-‘Ajlooni in Kashf al-Khifa’. 

Al-Haythami said in Majma’ al-Zawaa’id (8/195): It was narrated that Mu’aadh ibn Jabal said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Seek help in having your needs met by being discreet, for everyone who is blessed with something is envied.” This was narrated by al-Tabaraani in his three (Mu’jams), but its isnaad includes Sa’eed ibn Salaam al-‘Attaar. Al-‘Ajali said there is nothing wrong with him, but Ahmad and others described him as a liar. The rest of its men are thiqaat (trustworthy) except that Khaalid ibn Mi’daan did not hear it from Mu’aadh. 

‘Ilal Ibn Abi Haatim, 2/255; Fayd al-Qadeer by al-Mannaawi, 1/630; Kashf al-Khifa’ by al-‘Ajlooni, 1/135 

This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 3/436, hadeeth no. 1453; and in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 943. 

He narrated what the scholars said about the faults of this hadeeth, but he classed it as saheeh via the marfoo’ narration of Sahl ibn ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Jarjaani from Muhammad ibn Mutarrif from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from ‘Urwah ibn al-Zubayr from Abu Hurayrah. 

He said: The hadeeth with this isnaad is jayyid in my view. Al-Silsilah al-Saheehah, 3/439 

Mawdoo` (Fabricated), False (Baseless), Hadeeth No:35 Advice to ‘Alee (may Allah be pleased with him)

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:  “O ‘Ali, do not sleep until you have done five things, which are: reading the entire Qur’aan, giving four thousand dirhams in charity, preserving your place in Paradise and placating your opponent.” 
‘Ali said: “And how could I do that, O Messenger of Allaah?”  The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do you not know, O ‘Ali, that if you recite Qul huwa Allaahu ahad (i.e., Soorat al-Ikhlaas) three times, it is as if you have recited the entire Qur’aan? And that if you recite Soorat al-Faatihah four times it is as if you have given four thousand dirhams in charity? And that if you say Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd yuhyi wa yameet wa huwa ‘ala kulli shay’in qadeer (There is no god but Allaah alone with no partner or associate.  His is the Dominion and to Him be praise, He gives life and death and He is able to do all things) ten times, you will preserve your place in Paradise? And if you say Astaghfir-Allaah alladhi laa ilaaha illa huwa al-hayy al-qayyoom wa atoobu ilayh (I seek the forgiveness of Allaah beside Whom there is no other god, the Ever-Living, the Eternal, and I repent to Him) ten times you will have placated your opponent.” 
Then they concluded by saying:  The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) indeed has spoken the truth. 

This hadeeth is false and fabricated (Mawdoo’). 

The scholars of the Standing Committee said concerning this hadeeth:  This hadeeth has no basis, rather it is one of the fabricated reports and lies made up by some of the Shi’ah, as has been pointed out by the imams of hadeeth. Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 4/462, 463. 

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) was asked about this and he said: This hadeeth which says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave this advice to ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) is a lie that was fabricated against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). It is not correct to attribute it to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because “whoever narrates a hadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) which he thinks is false is himself one of the liars,” and “whoever tells lies about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) deliberately, let him take his place in Hell.” But if it is mentioned in order to explain that it is fabricated and to warn people against it, this is something which will be rewarded. The point is that this hadeeth is a lie against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and against ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib. Fataawa Islamiyyah, 4/111 

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