The True Narrative of Jesus, Son of Mary as Revealed in the Qur’an

The True Narrative of Jesus, Son of Mary as Revealed in the Qur’an

Source: [islaam.ca] Published: Pre 2000

And in their footsteps, We sent ‘Eessa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), confirming the Taurât (Torah) that had come before him, and We gave him the Injeel (Gospel), in which was guidance and light and confirmation of the Taurât (Torah) that had come before it, a guidance and an admonition for Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse
46]

[The following is the Story of Jesus in translations-of-the-meanings of the verses of the Noble Qur’an]

The Noble Qur’an’ is the title of a verse-by-verse translation into English of the Qur’an, and is available from most Islamic bookshops. The Qur’an only exists in the Arabic language and is preserved in the form it was revealed in, consequently a translation into another language is only refered to as a translation-of-the-meanings of the Qur’an, the translation loses some of the meanings and most of the rhythm and style.

 
Allah (Arabic): from a contraction of Al (the) + ILah (god: equivalent to Hebrew: Elâh, Alâh) meaning the one and only God, pronounced with a deep, stressed, slightly-rolled double ‘L’ sound.

“And this Qur’ân is not such as could ever be produced by other than Allâh (Lord of the heavens and the earth), but (on the contrary) it is a confirmation of (the revelation) which was before it [i.e. the Taurât (Torah), and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.], and a full explanation of the Book (i.e. laws and orders, etc, decreed for mankind) – wherein there is no doubt, from the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinns,and all that exists).”

[The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Yûnus (no.10), Verse 37]

“Do they not consider the Qur’ân carefully? Had it been from other than Allâh, they would surely, have found therein many a contradiction.”

[The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter An-Nisâ’ (no.4), Verse 82]

 

First mention of Jesus (may the peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him) in the Qur’an

“And indeed, We gave Mûsa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a succession of Messengers. And We gave ‘Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), clear signs and supported him with Rûh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a Messenger with what you yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and some, you killed.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Baqarah (no.2), Verse 87]

 

Mention made of some of the Prophets of Allâh

“And that was Our Proof which We gave Ibrâhim (Abraham) against his people. We raise whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All-­Wise, All-­Knowing. And We bestowed upon him Ishâque (Isaac) and Ya’qûb (Jacob), each of them We guided, and before him, We guided Nûh (Noah), and among his progeny Dawûd (David), Sulaimân (Solomon), Ayub (Job), Yûsuf (Joseph), Mûsa (Moses), and Hârûn (Aaron). Thus do We reward the good­doers. And Zakariyâ (Zachariya), and Yahya (John) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) and Iliyâs (Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. And Ismâ’il (Ishmael) and Al-Yas’â (Elisha), and Yûnus (Jonah) and Lout (Lot), and each one of them We preferred above the ‘Alamîn (mankind and jinns) (of their times).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-An’âm (no.6), Verse 83-86]

 

The religion followed by the Messengers was one and the same

“He (Allâh) has ordained for you the same religion (Islâm) which He ordained for Nûh (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him)), and that which We ordained for Ibrahîm (Abraham), Mûsa (Moses) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) saying you should establish religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikûn [Those who worship others along with Allâh], is that to which you (O Muhammad) call them. Allâh chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself (he) who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Ash-Shûra (no.42), Verse 13]

“Say (O Muhammad): “We believe in Allâh and in what has been sent down to us, and what was sent down to Ibrâhim (Abraham), Ismâ’il (Ishmael), Ishâque (Isaac), Ya’qûb (Jacob) and Al-Asbât [the twelve sons of Ya’qûb (Jacob)] and what was given to Mûsa (Moses), ‘Iesa (Jesus) and the Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another among them and to Him (Allâh) we have submitted (in Islâm).” ( ) And whoever seeks a religion other than Islâm, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. ( ) How shall Allâh guide a people who disbelieved after their belief and after they bore witness that the Messenger (Muhammad) is true and after clear proofs had come unto them? And Allâh guides not the people who are Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Âl-‘Imrân (no.3), Verse 84-86]

 

What was this message?

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghût besides Allâh).” Then of them were some whom Allâh guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter An-Nahl (no.16), Verse 36]

 

Summary of Allâh’s message sent first to the Jews then to the Christians and then to the Muslims

“Indeed Allâh took the covenant from the Children of Israel (Jews), and We appointed twelve leaders among them. And Allâh said: “I am with you if you perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât [establish the prayer]) and give Zakât [compulsory religious charity] and believe in My Messengers; honour and assist them, and lend to Allâh a good loan. Verily, I will remit your sins and admit you to Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise). But if any of you after this, disbelieved, he has indeed gone astray from the Straight Path.” So because of their breach of their covenant, We cursed them, and made their hearts grow hard. They change the words from their (right) places and have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them. And you will not cease to discover deceit in them, except a few of them. But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds). Verily, Allâh loves Al­Muhsinûn (good­doers – see V.2:112). And from those who call themselves Christians, We took their covenant, but they have abandoned a good part of the Message that was sent to them. So We planted amongst them enmity and hatred till the Day of Resurrection (when they discarded Allâh’s Book, disobeyed Allâh’s Messengers and His Orders and transgressed beyond bounds in Allâh’s disobedience), and Allâh will inform them of what they used to do. O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) explaining to you much of that which you used to hide from the Scripture and passing over (i.e. leaving out without explaining) much. Indeed, there has come to you from Allâh a light (Prophet Muhammad) and a plain Book (this Qur’ân). Wherewith Allâh guides all those who seek His Good Pleasure to ways of peace, and He brings them out of darkness by His Will unto light and guides them to a Straight Way (Islâmic Monotheism). Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allâh is the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary). Say (O Muhammad): “Who then has the least power against Allâh, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?” And to Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allâh is Able to do all things. And (both) the Jews and the Christians say: “We are the children of Allâh and His loved ones.” Say: “Why then does He punish you for your sins?” Nay, you are but human beings, of those He has created, He forgives whom He wills and He punishes whom He wills. And to Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, and to Him is the return (of all). O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Now has come to you Our Messenger (Muhammad) making (things) clear unto you, after a break in (the series of) Messengers, lest you say: “There came unto us no bringer of glad tidings and no warner.” But now has come unto you a bringer of glad tidings and a warner. And Allâh is Able to do all things.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 12-19]

 

Allâh’s covenant with His Prophets

“And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad), and from Nûh (Noah), Ibrâhim (Abraham), Mûsa (Moses), and ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant. That He may ask the truthfuls (Allâh’s Messengers and His Prophets) about their truth (i.e. the conveyance of Allâh’s Message that which they were charged with). And He has prepared for the disbelievers a painful torment (Hell-fire).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Ahzâb (no.33), Verse 7-8]

 
The ones who truly believe in Allâh and his Messengers, strive to obey him. While those who reject belief are deceived by the wealth and the possessions of this short life.

“O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Taiyibât [all kinds of Halâl (legal) foods which Allâh has made legal (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds. Verily! I am Well-Acquainted with what you do.  And verily! This your religion (of Islâmic Monotheism) is one religion, and I am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me.  But they (men) have broken their religion among them into sects, each group rejoicing in its belief. So leave them in their error for a time. Do they think that We enlarge them in wealth and children, We hasten unto them with good things (in this worldly life so that they will have no share of good things in the Hereafter)? Nay, but they perceive not.  Verily! Those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; And those who believe in the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, And those who join not anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord;  And those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their Lord (for reckoning). It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. offering the compulsory Salât (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times and so on]. And We tax not any person except according to his capacity, and with Us is a Record which speaks the truth, and they will not be wronged. Nay, but their hearts are covered (blind) from understanding this (the Qur’ân), and they have other (evil) deeds, besides, which they are doing. Until, when We grasp those of them who lead a luxurious life with punishment, behold! They make humble invocation with a loud voice.  Invoke not loudly this day! Certainly, you shall not be helped by Us. Indeed My Verses used to be recited to you, but you used to turn back on your heels (denying them, and with hatred to listen to them). In pride (they Quraish pagans and polytheists of Makkah used to feel proud that they are the dwellers of Makkah sanctuary Haram), talking evil about it (the Qur’ân) by night.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mu’minûn (no.23), Verse 51-67]

 

The mission of Jesus

“And in their footsteps, We sent ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), confirming the Taurât (Torah) that had come before him, and We gave him the Injeel (Gospel), in which was guidance and light and confirmation of the Taurât (Torah) that had come before it, a guidance and an admonition for Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 46]

 

The endurance of Moses, Jesus and Muhammad

“And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: “O my people! Why do you hurt me while you know certainly that I am the Messenger of Allâh to you? So when they turned away (from the Path of Allâh), Allâh turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allâh guides not the people who are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). And (remember) when ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: “O Children of Israel! I am the Messenger of Allâh unto you confirming the Taurât [(Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be Ahmed. But when he (Ahmed i.e. Muhammad) came to them with clear proofs, they said: “This is plain magic.” And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allâh, while he is being invited to Islâm? And Allâh guides not the people who are Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. They intend to put out the Light of Allâh (i.e. the religion of Islâm, this Qur’ân, and Prophet Muhammad) with their mouths. But Allâh will complete His Light even though the disbelievers hate (it). He it is Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâmic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all (other) religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger Muhammed) hate (it). O You who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from a painful torment. That you believe in Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allâh with your wealth and your lives, that will be better for you, if you but know! (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of ‘Adn ­ Eternity [‘Adn (Edn) Paradise], that is indeed the great success.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter As-Saff (no.61), Verse 5-12]

 

The upbringing of Maryam (Mary) and the blessing she received due to the supplication of her mother

“(Remember) when the wife of ‘Imrân said: “O my Lord! I have vowed to You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services (free from all worldly work; to serve Your Place of worship), so accept this, from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing.” Then when she delivered her [child Maryam (Mary)], she said: “O my Lord! I have delivered a female child,” – and Allâh knew better what she delivered, – “And the male is not like the female, and I have named her Maryam (Mary), and I seek refuge with You (Allâh) for her and for her offspring from Shaitan (Satan), the outcast.” So her Lord (Allâh) accepted her with goodly acceptance. He made her grow in a good manner and put her under the care of Zakariyâ (Zachariya). Every time he entered Al-Mihrâb to (visit) her, he found her supplied with sustenance. He said: “O Maryam (Mary)! From where have you got this?” She said, “This is from Allâh.” Verily, Allâh provides sustenance to whom He wills, without limit.” At that time Zakariyâ (Zachariya) invoked his Lord, saying: “O my Lord! Grant me from You, a good offspring. You are indeed the All-Hearer of invocation.” Then the angels called him, while he was standing in prayer in Al-Mihrâb (a praying place or a private room), (saying): “Allâh gives you glad tidings of Yahya (John), confirming (believing in) the Word from Allâh [i.e. the creation of ‘Iesa (Jesus), the Word from Allâh (“Be!” – and he was!)], noble, keeping away from sexual relations with women, a Prophet, from among the righteous.” He said: “O my Lord! How can I have a son when I am very old, and my wife is barren?” Allâh said: “Thus Allâh does what He wills.”  He said: “O my Lord! Make a sign for me.” Allâh said: “Your sign is that you shall not speak to mankind for three days except with signals. And remember your Lord much (by praising Him again and again), and glorify (Him) in the afternoon and in the morning.” And (remember) when the angels said: “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allâh has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen you above the women of the ‘Alamîn (mankind and jinns) (of her lifetime).”  O Mary! “Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord (Allâh, by worshipping none but Him Alone) and prostrate yourself, and Irkâ’i (bow down etc.) along with Ar-Râki’ûn (those who bow down etc.).” This is a part of the news of the Ghaib (unseen, i.e. the news of the past nations of which you have no knowledge) which We inspire you with (O Muhammad). You were not with them (the angels), when they cast lots with their pens as to which of them should be charged with the care of Maryam (Mary); nor were you with them when they disputed. (Remember) when the angels said: “O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allâh gives you the glad tidings of a Word [“Be!” – and he was! i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam (Mary)] from Him, his name will be the Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and will be one of those who are near to Allâh.” “He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.” She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched me.” He said: “So (it will be) for Allâh creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only: “Be!” and it is. And He (Allâh) will teach him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] the Book and Al-Hikmah (i.e. the Sunnah, the faultless speech of the Prophets, wisdom, etc.), (and) the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel). And will make him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] a Messenger to the Children of Israel (saying): “I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, that I design for you out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allâh’s Leave; and I heal him who was born blind, and the leper, and I bring the dead to life by Allâh’s Leave. And I inform you of what you eat, and what you store in your houses. Surely, therein is a sign for you, if you believe. And I have come confirming that which was before me of the Taurât (Torah), and to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden to you, and I have come to you with a proof from your Lord. So fear Allâh and obey me. Truly! Allâh is my Lord and your Lord, so worship Him (Alone). This is the Straight Path.  Then when ‘Iesa (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief, he said: “Who will be my helpers in Allâh’s Cause?” Al-Hawâriûn (the disciples) said: “We are the helpers of Allâh; we believe in Allâh, and bear witness that we are Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allâh).” Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the Messenger [‘Iesa (Jesus)]; so write us down among those who bear witness (to the truth i.e. Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh – none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh).   And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and Allâh planned too. And Allâh is the Best of the planners.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Âl-‘Imrân (no.3), Verse 35-54]

 

The creation of Jesus, his birth and the first miracle of defending his mother, Mary, from slander

“And mention in the Book (the Qur’ân, O Muhammad), the story of Maryam (Mary), when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her Our Ruh [angel Jibrael (Gabriel)], and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. She said: “Verily! I seek refuge with the Most Beneficent (Allâh) from you, if you do fear Allâh.” (The angel) said: “I am only a Messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.” She said: “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me, nor am I unchaste?” He said: “So (it will be), your Lord said: ‘That is easy for Me (Allâh): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (Allâh), and it is a matter (already) decreed, (by Allâh).'” So she conceived him, and she withdrew with him to a far place (i.e. Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem). And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said: “Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of sight!”  Then [the babe ‘Iesa (Jesus) or Jibrael (Gabriel)] cried unto her from below her, saying: “Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under you; “And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh ripe-dates upon you.” “So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: ‘Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allâh) so I shall not speak to any human being this day.'” Then she brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: “O Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariya (an unheard mighty thing). “O sister (i.e. the like) of Hârûn (Aaron) [not the brother of Mûsa (Moses), but he was another pious man at the time of Maryam (Mary)]! Your father was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor your mother was an unchaste woman.” Then she pointed to him. They said: “How can we talk to one who is a child in the cradle?” “He [‘Iesa (Jesus)] said: Verily! I am a slave of Allâh, He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;” “And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me Salât (prayer), and Zakât (charity), as long as I live.” “And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest.  “And Salâm (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive!” Such is ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). (it is) a statement of truth, about which they doubt (or dispute). It befits not (the Majesty of) Allâh that He should beget a son [this refers to the slander of Christians against Allâh, by saying that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allâh]. Glorified (and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, “Be!” and it is. [‘Iesa (Jesus) said]: “And verily Allâh is my Lord and your Lord. So worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allâh’s Religion of Islâmic Monotheism which He did ordain for all of His Prophets).” [Tafsir At-Tabarî] Then the sects differed [i.e. the Christians about ‘Iesa (Jesus)], so woe unto the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is the son of Allâh] from the meeting of a great Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire). How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error.  And warn them (O Muhammad) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not. Verily! We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all shall be returned,” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Maryam (no.19), Verse 16-40]

 

A severe admonition to those who changed the Message of Jesus after his ascension

“And when ‘Iesa (Jesus) came with (Our) clear Proofs, he said: “I have come to you with Al-Hikmah (Prophethood), and in order to make clear to you some of the (points) in which you differ, therefore fear Allâh and obey me, “Verily, Allâh! He is my Lord (God) and your Lord (God). So worship Him (Alone). This is the (only) Straight Path (i.e. Allâh’s religion of true Islâmic Monotheism).” But the sects from among themselves differed. So woe to those who do wrong (by ascribing things to ‘Iesa (Jesus) that are not true) from the torment of a painful Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)! Do they only wait for the Hour that it shall come upon them suddenly, while they perceive not? Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except Al-Muttaqûn (pious – see V.2:2). (It will be said to the true believers of Islâmic Monotheism): My worshippers! No fear shall be on you this Day, nor shall you grieve, (You) who believed in Our Ayât (proofs, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were Muslims (i.e. who submit totally to Allâh’s Will, and believe in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism). Enter Paradise, you and your wives, in happiness. Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them, (there will be) therein all that the one’s inner-selves could desire, all that the eyes could delight in, and you will abide therein forever. This is the Paradise which you have been made to inherit because of your deeds which you used to do (in the life of the world). Therein for you will be fruits in plenty, of which you will eat (as you desire). Verily, the Mujrimûn (criminals, sinners, disbelievers, etc.) will be in the torment of Hell to abide therein forever.  (The torment) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein.  We wronged them not, but they were the Zâlimûn (polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.). And they will cry: “O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of us.” He will say: “Verily you shall abide forever.” Indeed We have brought the truth (Muhammad with the Qur’ân), to you, but most of you have a hatred for the truth.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Az-Zukhruf (no.43), Verse 63-78]

 

Some of the miracles of Jesus mentioned again

“(Remember) when Allâh will say (on the Day of Resurrection). “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with Rûh­ul­Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)] so that you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you writing, Al­Hikmah (the power of understanding), the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel); and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.'”” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 110]

 

How Allâh, the Most High, saved Jesus from crucifixion by ascension

“And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and Allâh planned too. And Allâh is the Best of the planners. And (remember) when Allâh said: “O ‘Iesa (Jesus)! I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you [of the forged statement that ‘Iesa (Jesus) is Allâh’s son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow you (Monotheists, who worship none but Allâh) superior to those who disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allâh, or disbelieve in some of His Messengers, e.g. Muhammad, ‘Iesa (Jesus), Mûsa (Moses), etc., or in His Holy Books, e.g. the Taurât (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur’ân] till the Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between you in the matters in which you used to dispute.” “As to those who disbelieve, I will punish them with a severe torment in this world and in the Hereafter, and they will have no helpers.” And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) and do righteous good deeds, Allâh will pay them their reward in full. And Allâh does not like the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).  This is what We recite to you (O Muhammad) of the Verses and the Wise Reminder (i.e. the Qur’ân). Verily, the likeness of ‘Iesa (Jesus) before Allâh is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” – and he was. (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Âl-‘Imrân (no.3), Verse 54-60]

“And because of their saying (in boast), “We killed Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allâh,” – but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but the resemblance of ‘Iesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For surely; they killed him not [i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)]: ( ) But Allâh raised him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). And Allâh is Ever All­Powerful, All­Wise.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter An-Nisâ’ (no.4), Verse 157-158]

 

The fallacy of the attribution of divinity to Jesus and his Mother

“Surely, they have disbelieved who say: “Allâh is the Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary).” But the Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)] said: “O Children of Israel! Worship Allâh, my Lord and your Lord.” Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allâh, then Allâh has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong­doers) there are no helpers. Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allâh is the third of the three (in a Trinity).” But there is no ilâh (god) (none who has the right to be worshipped) but One Ilâh (God -Allâh). And if they cease not from what they say, verily, a painful torment will befall the disbelievers among them. Will they not repent to Allâh and ask His Forgiveness? For Allâh is Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful. The Messiah [‘Iesa (Jesus)], son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother [Maryam (Mary)] was a Siddiqah [i.e. she believed in the words of Allâh and His Books]. They both used to eat food (as any other human being, while Allâh does not eat). Look how We make the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to them, yet look how they are deluded away (from the truth).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 72-75]

 

Jesus is not the son of God but instead is His creation (like Adam)

“Verily, the likeness of ‘Iesa (Jesus) before Allâh is the likeness of Adam. He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: “Be!” – and he was.  (This is) the truth from your Lord, so be not of those who doubt. Then whoever disputes with you concerning him [‘Iesa (Jesus)] after (all this) knowledge that has come to you, [i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus)] being a slave of Allâh, and having no share in Divinity) say: (O Muhammad) “Come, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves – then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the Curse of Allâh upon those who lie.”  Verily! This is the true narrative [about the story of ‘Iesa (Jesus)], and, Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh, the One and the Only True God, Who has neither a wife nor a son). And indeed, Allâh is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. And if they turn away (and do not accept these true proofs and evidences), then surely, Allâh is All-Aware of those who do mischief. Say (O Muhammad): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allâh, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allâh. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims.”” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Âl-‘Imrân (no.3), Verse 59-64]

 

Jesus did not teach the people to worship him, but the people deified him after his ascension

“And (remember) when Allâh will say (on the Day of Resurrection): “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: ‘Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allâh?’ ” He will say: “Glory be to You! It was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner­self though I do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All-­Knower of all that is hidden and unseen.  “Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allâh) did command me to say: ‘Worship Allâh, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a Witness to all things. (This is a great admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). “If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily You, only You are the All-­Mighty, the All-­Wise.” Allâh will say: “This is a Day on which the truthful will profit from their truth: theirs are Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) – they shall abide therein forever. Allâh is pleased with them and they with Him. That is the great success (Paradise). To Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is therein, and He is Able to do all things.”
[The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 116-120]

 

The lies of the people who tampered with the scriptures after the ascension of Jesus

“They (Jews, Christians and pagans) say: “Allâh has begotten a son (children).” Glory be to Him! He is Rich (Free of all wants). His is all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. No warrant you have for this. Do you say against Allâh what you know not. Say: “Verily, those who invent a lie against Allâh will never be successful” A brief enjoyment in this world! – and then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve [in Allâh, belie His Messengers, deny and challenge His Ayât (proofs, signs, verses, etc.)].” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Yûnus (no.10), Verse 68-70]

“And they (Jews, Christians and pagans) say: Allâh has begotten a son (children or offspring). Glory be to Him (Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him). Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth, and all surrender with obedience (in worship) to Him. The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says to it : “Be!” – and it is.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Baqarah (no.2), Verse 116-117]

“And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allâh) has begotten a son (or children).” Glory to Him! They [those whom they call children of Allâh i.e. the angels, ‘Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary), ‘Uzair (Ezra), etc.], are but honoured slaves. They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His Command. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of Him. And if any of them should say: “Verily, I am an ilâh (a god) besides Him (Allâh),” such a one We should recompense with Hell. Thus We recompense the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Anbiyâ (no.21), Verse 26-29]

“And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allâh) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: ‘Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allâh, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son [‘Iesa (Christ)], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)].” Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, That they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allâh). But it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Beneficent (Allâh) that He should beget a son (or offspring or children). There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Beneficent (Allâh) as a slave. Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. And everyone of them will come to Him alone on the Day of Resurrection (without any helper, or protector or defender). Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger (Muhammad)] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent (Allâh) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of the believers).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Maryam (no.19), Verse 88-96]

“Surely, in disbelief are they who say that Allâh is the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary). Say (O Muhammad): “Who then has the least power against Allâh, if He were to destroy the Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), his mother, and all those who are on the earth together?” And to Allâh belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them. He creates what He wills. And Allâh is Able to do all things.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 17]

“And the Jews say: ‘Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allâh, and the Christians say: Messiah is the son of Allâh. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate the saying of the disbelievers of old. Allâh’s Curse be on them, how they are deluded away from the truth! They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their lords besides Allâh (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allâh), and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of Maryam (Mary), while they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] to worship none but One Ilâh (God – Allâh) Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Him, (far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him).” They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish Allâh’s Light (with which Muhammad has been sent – Islâmic Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allâh will not allow except that His Light should be perfected even though the Kâfirûn (disbelievers) hate (it). It is He Who has sent His Messenger (Muhammad) with guidance and the religion of truth (Islâm), to make it superior over all religions even though the Mushrikûn (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh) hate (it).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter At-Taubah (no.9), Verse 30-33]

 

A severe warning from the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth, Allâh, against the concept of ‘Trinity’

“O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger (Muhammad) with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if you disbelieve, then certainly to Allâh belongs all that is in the heavens and the earth. And Allâh is Ever All­Knowing, All­Wise. O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, nor say of Allâh aught but the truth. The Messiah ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was (no more than) a Messenger of Allâh and His Word, (“Be!” – and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a spirit (Rûh) created by Him; so believe in Allâh and His Messengers. Say not: “Three (trinity)!” Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allâh is (the only) One Ilâh (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allâh is All­Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. The Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allâh, nor the angels who are near (to Allâh). And whosoever rejects His worship and is proud, then He will gather them all together unto Himself. So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment. And they will not find for themselves besides Allâh any protector or helper.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter An-Nisâ’ (no.4), Verse 170-173]

 

The miraculous birth of Prophet John (Yahyah) (the Baptist)

“(This is) a mention of the mercy of your Lord to His slave Zakariya (Zachariah). When he called out to his Lord (Allâh) a call in secret, Saying: “My Lord! Indeed my bones have grown feeble, and grey hair has spread on my head, And I have never been unblest in my invocation to You, O my Lord! “And Verily! I fear my relatives after me, since my wife is barren. So give me from Yourself an heir, “Who shall inherit me, and inherit (also) the posterity of Ya’qûb (Jacob) (inheritance of the religious knowledge and Prophethood, not the wealth, etc.). And make him, my Lord, one with whom You are Well-pleased!” (Allâh said) “O Zakariya (Zachariah)! Verily, We give you the glad tidings of a son, His name will be Yahya (John). We have given that name to none before (him).” He said: “My Lord! How can I have a son, when my wife is barren, and I have reached the extreme old age.” He said: “So (it will be). Your Lord says; It is easy for Me. Certainly I have created you before, when you had been nothing!” [Zakariya (Zachariah)] said: “My Lord! Appoint for me a sign.” He said: “Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect.” Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrâb (a praying place or a private room, etc.), he told them by signs to glorify Allâh’s Praises in the morning and in the afternoon. (It was said to his son): “O Yahya (John)! Hold fast the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah)].” And We gave him wisdom while yet a child. And (made him) sympathetic to men as a mercy (or a grant) from Us, and pure from sins [i.e. Yahya (John)] and he was righteous, And dutiful towards his parents, and he was neither an arrogant nor disobedient (to Allâh or to his parents).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Maryam (no.19), Verse 2-14]

 

The table spread with food from Heaven

“And when I (Allâh) put in the hearts of Al-Hawârîeen (the disciples) [of ‘Iesa (Jesus)] to believe in Me and My Messenger, they said: “We believe. And bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Remember) when Al-Hawârîûn (the disciples) said: “O ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) from heaven?” ‘Iesa (Jesus) said: “Fear Allâh, if you are indeed believers.” They said: “We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in Faith, and to know that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves be its witnesses.” ‘Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: “O Allâh, our Lord! Send us from heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us – for the first and the last of us – a festival and a sign from You; and provide us sustenance, for You are the Best of sustainers.” Allâh said: “I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not inflicted on anyone among (all) the ‘Alamîn (mankind and jinns).”” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 111-115]

 

The invention of Monasticism long after the ascension of Jesus

“And indeed, We sent Nûh (Noah) and Ibrahîm (Abraham), and placed in their offspring Prophethood and Scripture, and among them there is he who is guided, but many of them are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). Then, We sent after them, Our Messengers, and We sent ‘Iesa (Jesus) ­ son of Maryam (Mary), and gave him the Injeel (Gospel). And We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him, compassion and mercy. But the Monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (they sought it) only to please Allâh therewith, but that they did not observe it with the right observance. So We gave those among them who believed, their (due) reward, but many of them are Fâsiqûn (rebellious, disobedient to Allâh). O you who believe [in Mûsa (Moses) (i.e. Jews) and ‘Iesa (Jesus) (i.e. Christians)]! Fear Allâh, and believe too in His Messenger (Muhammad), He will give you a double portion of His Mercy, and He will give you a light by which you shall walk (straight), and He will forgive you. And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. So that the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may know that they have no power whatsoever over the Grace of Allâh, and that (His) Grace is (entirely) in His Hand to bestow it on whomsoever He wills. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Hadîd (no.57), Verse 26-29]

“And when the son of Maryam (Mary) is quoted as an example [i.e. ‘Iesa (Jesus) is worshipped like their idols), behold! Your people cry aloud (laugh out at the example). And say: “Are our âliha (gods) better or is he [‘Iesa (Jesus)]?” They quoted not the above example except for argument. Nay! But they are a quarrelsome people. [(See V. 21:97-101) – The Qur’ân.] He [‘Iesa (Jesus)] was not more than a slave. We granted Our Favour to him, and We made him an example to the Children of Israel (i.e. his creation without a father).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Az-Zukhruf (no.43), Verse 57-59]

 

Jews, Christians and Islâm

“Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers (Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikûn [polytheists, pagans etc.], and you will find the nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: “We are Christians.” That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they are not proud. And when they (who call themselves Christians) listen to what has been sent down to the Messenger (Muhammad), you see their eyes overflowing with tears because of the truth they have recognised. They say: “Our Lord! We believe; so write us down among the witnesses. “And why should we not believe in Allâh and in that which has come to us of the truth (Islâmic Monotheism)? And we wish that our Lord will admit us (in Paradise on the Day of Resurrection) along with the righteous people (Prophet Muhammad and his Companions).” So because of what they said, Allâh rewarded them Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise)[i.e. they became true Muslims], they will abide therein forever. Such is the reward of good­doers. But those who disbelieved and belied Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they shall be the dwellers of the (Hell) Fire.” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 82-86]

 

Relationship of Islâm and the Qur’ân to the previous scriptures

“And We have sent down to you (O Muhammad) the Book (this Qur’ân) in truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Mohayminan (trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures). So judge between them by what Allâh has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way. If Allâh willed, He would have made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allâh; then He will inform you about that in which you used to differ. And so judge (you O Muhammad) between them by what Allâh has revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they turn you (O Muhammad) far away from some of that which Allâh has sent down to you. And if they turn away, then know that Allâh’s Will is to punish them for some sins of theirs. And truly, most of men are Fâsiqûn (rebellious and disobedient to Allâh).” [The Noble Qur’ân, Chapter Al-Mâ’idah (no.5), Verse 48-49]

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The descending of Mahdee and Jesus the son of Mary (may Allah be pleased with him)

The appearance of the Mahdee and descending of ‘Eesaa (Jesus) ibn Maryam
*Please appropriately reference this fatwa to: http://www.fatwa-online.com, thankyou!*
Question: What is the news concerning the awaiting Mahdee and the descending of ‘Eesaa (Jesus) the son of Mary (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam)?

Response: As regards the Mahdee, then it has been mentioned in the ahaadeeth that he shall rule this ummah, so refer to ((Sunan Abee Daawood)) and ((Sunan Ibn Maajah)) and other than these from the books of the Sunnah as the ahaadeeth are mentioned therein. (However), there is nothing mentioned in the authentic ahaadeeth indicating a specific time (for his appearance). Likewise, that which is mentioned regarding ‘Eesaa (Jesus) the son of Mary (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam), then refer to the book ((at-Tasreeh feemaa Tawaatara fee Nuzool al-Maseeh)) and the ((Tafseer Ibn Katheer)), at the point where it mentions:

{But Allaah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself…}
[Soorah an-Nisaa., Aayah 158]

And (likewise) nothing is mentioned in the authentic ahaadeeth, according to that which we know, indicating a specific time for his descending, however, there is mention that he will descend when the Dajjaal appears.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.

The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Fataawa, comprising –
Head: Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez ibn Abdullaah ibn Baaz;
Deputy Head: Shaykh ‘Abdur-Razzaaq ‘Afeefee;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Ghudayyaan;
Member: Shaykh ‘Abdullaah ibn Qu’ood
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Volume 3, Page 140, Question No.11 of Fatwa No.1615

The Islamic view on the Ascension of Jesus (PEACE BE UPON HIM)

All praise be to Almighty God, the Lord of the Universe, and peace be upon His servant and messenger, Muhammad. I bear witness that there is nothing divine or worthy of being worshipped except for Almighty God, and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. He who God guides no one can lead astray, and he who God leads astray, no one can guide. To continue . . . please let me introduce myself – my name is ‘Abd ar-Rahman Robert Squires. I’m an American Muslim who has been living in Kuwait for just over three years, and I spend a good deal of my time doing Islamic work and writing on comparative religion issues. The questions that you had concerning Surah Maryam, which I believe you submitted via e-mail to the Islamic Presentation Committee in Kuwait, were passed on to me by a colleague. Hopefully I will be able to answer your questions in a satisfactory manner.

First of all, the verses that you quoted in your statement are from Surah Maryam (Chapter 19), verses 30 thru 34. According to Pickthall’s translation, which you said that you were using, these verses read as follows:

“He spake: Lo! I am the slave of Allaah. He hath given me the Scripture and hath appointed me a Prophet, And hath made me blessed wheresoever I may be, and hath enjoined upon me prayer and almsgiving so long as I remain alive, And (hath made me) dutiful toward her who bore me, and hath not made me arrogant, unblest. Peace on me the day I was born, and the day I die, and the day I shall be raised alive! Such was Jesus, son of Mary: (this is) a statement of the truth concerning which they doubt.”

(The Meaning of the Glorious Koran, translated by M. M. Pickthall, Surah 19 – Maryam, Verses 30-34)

I’m certainly no scholar of the Arabic language, but I have checked a few other translations of the Qur’an, and none of then differ from the above translation in any significant way. However, I should point out that there is a difference in the translation which you used in submitting your question. Your translation said: ” . . . and has given me prayer and alms-giving”. However, the correct translation (and the one contained in Pickthall) says: ” . . . and hath enjoined upon me prayer and almsgiving” – the difference being “given” versus “enjoined”. All of my copies of the Pickthall translation read : ” . . . and hath enjoined upon me prayer and almsgiving”, so I’m not quite sure where the translation that you’re using came from. I think this may have caused you some confusion, as I will address below – insha’llah.

Your first question was: “If Jesus is still alive, does Allaah still give him prayer and zakat? If he is already in Heaven, there doesn’t seem much point in this.”

According to the beliefs of the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jamaa’ah (i.e. “Orthodox” Sunnis), Jesus, peace be upon him, was raised to heaven alive, and his return to earth will be one of the signs that the Day of Judgment is approaching. These beliefs are not based on whims or guesswork, but are narrated to us through authentic hadeeths (sayings/traditions) of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. However, your question above seems to be based on the mis-translation that was included with your submittal. Certainly it is not God that “gives” Jesus prayer and zakat, but it was God who “enjoined” these acts upon Jesus, peace be upon him. As far as what Jesus is now doing up in Heaven, this is a matter of the Unseen known only to Almighty God, and as such, it can only be known through Divine Revelation. I have personally never heard any hadeeths that describe what Jesus, peace be upon him, is doing up in Heaven (not that this necessarily means there aren’t any), but as a Muslim, I am not allowed to guess when it comes to matters of the Unseen. Certainly, one might say that “there doesn’t seem much point in this”, but part of Islam is trusting in the wisdom of Almighty God. I’ll discuss this issue a bit more below, but suffice it to say that if there was any benefit in us knowing what Jesus, peace be upon him, is now doing up in Heaven, Almighty God would have revealed it to His Final Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.

Before moving on to your other questions, I feel that I should mention that the Bible also contains at least two instances of prophets being taken up to Heaven by God before they died. If you look at the Old Testament, II Kings 2:11-12 tells us: ” . . . and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. And Elisha saw it, and he cried . . . And he saw him no more . . . “. Also, Genesis 5:24 tells us that Enoch “was taken” by God. That this means up into Heaven is confirmed in the New Testament (Hebrews 11:5), where it says: “By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God translated him . . . that he had pleased God”. It is interesting to note that the reason Enoch did not “see death” was that “he had pleased God”, which directly contradicts the popular Christian myth that all men, including the prophets, were condemned sinners until Jesus, peace be upon him, paid the ransom for their sins. (It is also interesting to note that (St.) Paul, the author of Hebrews, is referring back to Genesis 5:24 when he makes this statement. However, his version of the verse is quite different than Genesis 5:24! It seems that the version of Genesis which he was using back then was rather flawed, since it does not contain anything that really supports his claim. Mistakes like this by the New Testament authors are quite common, since they usually relied upon the Septuagint (i.e. the Greek translation of the Old Testament) instead of the Hebrew Old Testament.) But anyway . . . the main points that should be considered here are two: 1) being taken up into Heaven before death does not imply any sort of “Divinity”, since neither Elijah, Enoch nor Muhammad are considered “Divine”; and 2) even though God may state His reason for doing such a thing, i.e. Enoch pleased Him, or to save Jesus from the Jews, the overall wisdom behind it may still seem strange to us. However, the meaning of Islam is “submission to Almighty God”, and realizing that Almighty God is the most wise is part of our faith – so we know that if knowing something would benefit us, God would have revealed it. By the way, I mentioned Muhammad, peace be upon him, along with Elijah and Enoch above, because he too was taken up to Heaven. However, he was the only one to come back to earth afterwards – which is a unique blessing for him and his followers.

While I am still on this point, I guess that I should say that I there are two other aspects of this that should be looked at: 1) if Muhammad, peace be upon him, was just a false prophet, as many Christian missionaries and non-Muslims allege, why would he have accorded such an honor to Jesus?; and 2) the Muslim view of Jesus, peace be upon him, as a servant and prophet of God, being alive up in Heaven seems to make a lot more sense than the Christian view. As you probably know, the Bible says that Jesus sits “at the right hand of God”, even though he himself is supposed to be an equal member of the Holy Trinity (see Acts 2:33, 7:55-56, Romans 8:34, Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 10:12 and 12:12). Notice that the verses say the right hand of “God”, not “the Father”, which makes it rather difficult to interpret in a Trinitarian way (at least if one wants to remain a monotheist).

Also, for a believer in Pure Monotheism (i.e. a Muslim), what did or did not happen to Jesus, peace be upon him, is of no consequence to their faith – which is in Almighty God alone. Muslims believe what they believe about Jesus (i.e. that he was not crucified and that he was taken up into Heaven) based on Divine Revelation, not human reason. On the other hand, Christians insist on Jesus’ death on the cross because they believe that it needed to occur for their “salvation”. However, if one understands Pure Monotheism (Arabic: Tawheed) properly, what happened to Jesus, peace be upon him, is of no consequence one way or another. Certainly, Almighty God could have allowed him to be killed (just like other prophets were killed), just as He could have explained what happened to him in greater detail, if He so wished. However, He – due to His Wisdom – chose not to. And He is the best disposer of all affairs . . .

One question that rings out is that why would the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, “deny” the crucifixion if he was just a fabricator and opportunist, as the Christians claim. (Audhu bi-Lah!) The crucifixion was an accepted fact among (almost all) Christians and Muhammad, peace be upon him, had no additional knowledge concerning it compared to anyone else at his time (unless, of course, you believe that he was a prophet). Based on the fact that even the Christians try to portray Muhammad, peace be upon him, as a gifted diplomat and manipulator, wouldn’t he have been smarter just to accept the crucifixion? Why offend his Christian audience? He could still preach that Jesus, peace be upon him, was just a man (and not God), even though he was crucified. Neither crucifixion, nor the lack thereof, prove or disprove anything as far a Jesus’ alleged “Divinity”. Also, if Muhammad, peace be upon him, had just accepted the alleged crucifixion, many potential Christian converts could have entered Islam and just “ridden the fence” between Christian and Islamic beliefs – or accepted Islam outright. This would have given Muhammad, peace be upon him, more men in his armies, etc. This is what a “intelligent opportunist” would have done. However, the fact that the Qur’an says that the crucifixion did not take place, forces Christians to make a choice. They must choose between Almighty God or Jesus. There’s “no riding the fence” between the two religions, since the Qur’an clearly states that the crucifixion did not take place. I remember having to make this choice – al-Hamdu li-Lah! Also, why would Muhammad, peace be upon him, attribute all of these great miracles – as well as ascending into Heaven – to Jesus, peace be upon him, if he was just a false prophet and/or “clever opportunist”? Certainly, since he was claiming to be a prophet in the same way Jesus was a prophet, he would certainly be asked to perform miracles similar to the ones Jesus, peace be upon him, did. In spite of what Christian missionaries often say about Muhammad, peace be upon him, he did many miracles, which are documented both in the Qur’an and in the Sunnah. In general, Muslims tend not to focus too much on his miracles, since they were mainly for the people of his time – except for the Qur’an. Additionally, doing miracles is not a necessary proof of prophethood, since even a great prophet like Abraham, peace be upon him, didn’t work miracles in the same way Jesus, peace be upon him, did. You should consider that even the Bible says that false prophets can “work wonders” (Matthew 24:24), so following someone based simply on their ability to do miracles is a bit misguided. Food for thought . . .

You might say, as Christians often do, that Jesus did miracles by his own power, but other prophets did them by the power of God. However, this completely and clearly contradicts numerous verses in the Bible which prove that Jesus did his miracles by God’s power. For example, in Luke 11:20, Jesus says: ” . . . I with the finger of God cast out devils”; and in John 5:30, Jesus says: “I can of my own self do nothing”. Additionally, Mark 6:5-6 tells us that Jesus, peace be upon him, went to a certain village and “he could do no miracle” there. Another good proof of this is what Jesus, peace be upon him, says immediate before raising Lazarus from the dead: ” . . . Father, I thank You that You have heard me. And I know that You always hear me, but because of the people standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent me.” (John 11:41-42). This verse makes it clear that Jesus, peace be upon him, wanted the people to know that it was God that was doing the miracle not Jesus himself.

And finally, I would just like to point out that the hadeeths of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, collectively referred to as the “Sunnah”, are based upon Divine Revelation. Even though they are not the verbatim and direct word of God, they were revealed (or “inspired”) by Almighty God to the Prophet, peace be upon him. As such, they are authoritative for all Muslims. There are numerous proofs in the Qur’an for the authority of the Sunnah, but since that is not the topic of this discussion, I will not address it.

Your second question was: “What is Jesus talking about when he says: “the day I die and the day I shall be raised to alive”? It seems that he knew this was going to happen, which he would if he were a prophet. So why do Muslims say that he has not died and been raised alive? These words seem to agree with what Christians think – that Jesus has already died and been raised to life. Doubtless your local Imam will tell you that this refers to when Jesus comes back to Earth to judge people (including Muhammad? – interesting to know what you think about this) but then you have to decide what to do about Question 1. Also, why not accept that the prophecy has already happened, as many people think it has?”

In regards to your first statement above, for what it’s worth, it should be said that I also know that I’m going to die and be raised alive again, but that doesn’t make me a prophet. The belief in death, the resurrection and Final Judgment is common to all of the “Abrahamic Faiths” i.e. Judaism, Christianity and Islam, so one doesn’t need to be a prophet to know such a thing. However, if Almighty God chose to reveal to Jesus certain aspects of the circumstances of his death and resurrection, then that’s fine with me, since Jesus, peace be upon him, was a great prophet. However, the verse which you quote neither confirms nor denies that such information was revealed. Concerning why Muslims believe that he has not died, and that he has been raised alive, it is because the Qur’an (and thus God) says so. However, since the various verses on this issue may have left you somewhat confused, I am including a detailed excerpt from a well known Islamic scholar which discusses many aspects of this in detail.Writing in the 12th Century after Jesus, peace be upon him, Shaikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “Almighty God did not state that Christ died, nor that he was killed. He said, rather: “O Jesus, I am gathering you and causing you to ascend to Me, and am cleansing you of those who disbelieve” (Qur’an 3:55).

God spoke similarly in other passages (Qur’an 5:117; 4:155-161). God cursed the Jews for various things. Among them was “their speaking against Mary a tremendous calumny” (Qur’an 4:156), and their claiming that she was a fornicator. They are also condemned for their claim “We slew the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, God’s messenger” (Qur’an 4:157). God said: “They slew him not nor crucified him, hut it appeared so to them” (Qur’an 4:157). God attributes this statement to them and curses them for it. The Christians are not mentioned because the ones who assumed responsibility for crucifying the supposedly crucified person were the Jews. Not a single one of the Christians was a witness [to the event] with them. Rather the apostles kept at a distance through fear, and not one of them witnessed the crucifixion. The only witnesses were the Jews who informed people that they had crucified Christ. Christians and others who handed on the story that Christ had been crucified only passed on what they had received from these Jews who were the chosen minions of the powers of darkness. Nor were they such a great number that prevented their colluding on a lie. God said: “They did not kill him nor did they crucify him, but it seemed so to them.”

Then He said: “There will not be any of the People of the Book but will believe in him before his death” (Qur’an 4:159). Among the majority of scholars it is believed that this means “before the death of Christ”. It may be said to mean “before the death of the Jew,” but this is weak. Similarly it is said to mean “before the death of Muhammad,” but this is even weaker. If one placed faith in him before death, this act of faith would benefit him, for the repentance of a person is accepted which is not after the moment of death.

It might be said that what is meant by this is the faith which is after the moment of death and therefore of no use. After his death, everyone believes in he unknown which he had previously rejected, and so there is nothing special to Christ in this, because God said “before his death,” and did not say “after his death.” This is because there is no difference between someone’s placing faith in Christ and Muhammad. The Jew who dies in his Judaism dies a disbeliever in Christ and Muhammad. Moreover God said: “There will not be any of the People of the Book but will believe in him before his death.” The verb (la-yu’minanna) can only mean the future, and this is an indication that this faith is subsequent to God’s informing mankind of this. Had He meant “before the death of the follower of the Book,” He would have said: “There is no Follower of the Book but who believes (yu’min) in him before his death”.

God also speaks of “the People of the Book,” which is a general term for Jews and Christians, and this indicates that all People of the Book, Jews and Christians, will be believing in Christ before the death of Christ. When he descends, the Jews and Christians will believe that he is the messenger of God — not rejecting him as do the Jews now, nor claiming that he is God as do the Christians. God states that they will put faith in him when he descends to earth. It is stated that he was raised up to God when He said: “I am gathering you and causing you to ascend to Me” (Qur’an 3:55). He will descend to earth before the Day of Resurrection and then he will die. By this God has informed us that they will believe in him before Christ’s death, as He also says elsewhere (Qur’an 43:59-65). In the sound hadith reports from the Prophet he said:

It is impending that the son of Mary will descend among you as a just judge, a righteous imam; he will break the cross, kill the pig, and impose the jizya.

In the Qur’an (4:147) God has made it clear that He has raised up Christ alive and saved him from death, and that they will believe in him before he dies. This is confirmed by God’s saying, “and I am purifying you from those who have disbelieved” (Qur’an 3:55); had he died there would have been no difference between him and others.

The word al-tawaffi in Arabic means “completion” and “receiving” and that is of three kinds: a) the completion of sleep; b) the final completion of death; and c) the final completion of soul and body together. It is in this third meaning whereby Christ went out from the state of the people of the earth who have need of food, drink, and clothing, and he departed from them in matters pertaining to natural functions. God brought Christ to this state of completion; he is in the second heaven until the time he descends to earth, and his state is not like the situation of the people of the earth in eating, drinking, dressing, sleep, natural functioning, etc.

For their statement (i.e. the Christians) that by his death is meant the death of his human nature it is necessary that they hold as their basis that by his “completion” is meant the death of his human nature. Whether it is said to refer to his death or to his completion in God, he is nothing other than human nature, for there is nothing other than that which God “brings to Himself” (Qur’an 3:55). This “gathering” is his being raised to God. Their view that what is raised is his divine nature would be contrary to the text of the Qur’an, even if it were a matter of his death. So how can that be the meaning when he is not said to die? They can make what is raised up something other than “received, completed”, and yet the Qur’an states that what is raised up is “received”.

Similarly when in another verse God says: “They certainly did not kill him, but God raised him up to Himself” (Qur’an 5:157-158). He is rejecting the claim of the Jews that “We have killed the Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary, messenger of God”. The Jews did not claim to have killed “Divinity”, nor did they concede that God had a divine nature in Christ. Moreover God did not mention their claims to have killed him from the Christians, so that one could say that their intent was the killing of the human nature without the divine. The claim, however, was from the Jews, who only attested to the human nature in Christ. The Jews had claimed that they killed him, and so God said: “They certainly did not kill him, but God raised him to Himself”. God thereby attested to His raising up that which they claim to have killed, that is, Christ’s human nature. It is obvious, therefore, that God denies that [Christ’s] human nature had been killed. Rather, He is assuming it to Himself. Christians admit the assumption of the human nature, but they claim that it was crucified, rose from the grave either after a day or three days, and then ascended to heaven and sat, human nature and divine, at “the right hand of the Father”.

God said: “They certainly did not kill him”. The meaning is that God denies the killing; He is certain about it, There is no doubt about it, in contrast to those who differed because they were in doubt whether or not he was killed. Those who believed it were not certain about it, since they could produce no proof for it. There was a group of Christians saying that he was not crucified, for those who crucified the crucified man were the Jews, and they had confused Christ with someone else, as the Qur’an indicates. Among the People of the Book also it was held that he was confused with another, and those who wanted to kill him did not know who Christ was, until one of the people said to them “I know him”. Only then did they know him. The view of those who say the meaning of the passage is “They did not kill him knowingly, but rather uncertainly” is weak.

Almighty God said: “O Jesus, I am gathering you and causing you to ascend to Me, and am cleansing you from those who disbelieve” If that which was raised up was the “Divine Nature”, the Lord of the Universe would be saying to Himself and to His word “I am causing you to ascend to Me”. Moreover, God said: “But God raised him up to Himself”, but according to them (i.e. the Christians) Christ is God. It is obvious that His raising Himself to Himself is impossible. If they say that he is the Word, they nevertheless hold that he is the Creator God. They do not make him of the same status as the Torah and the Qur’an, and other speech of God like these about which God spoke “To Him there arises the good word” (Qur’an 35:10). According to them Christ is God the Lord of the universe, the Creator, the Sustainer; so to say that the One-and-only Lord of the universe was raised up to the One-and-only Lord of the universe is ridiculous.

Almighty God the Most High said: “I was a witness of them while I dwelled among them, and when You took me You were the Watcher over them”. This indicates that after his being gathered up to God, Christ was not a watcher over them, but only God without Christ. This statement is also an indication of the Reckoning; if this and statements like it are true, it is known that after his being taken up Christ is not a watcher over his followers. God is the watcher who observes them, counts up their deeds, and requites them accordingly. Christ is not a watcher; he does not observe their actions; neither does he reckon them up, nor does he reward them.”

(All of the above paragraphs were quoted from A Muslim Theologian’s Response to Christianity, edited and translated by Thomas F. Michel, Caravan Books, Delmar, New York, 1984, pages 305-308. This is an English translation of Ibn Taymiyyah’s al-Jawab as-Saheeh.) Hopefully, this long quotation will answer most of the questions which you have concerning this subject. However, I’m still not sure what to think of your statement that “Doubtless your local Imam will tell you that this refers to when Jesus comes back to Earth to judge people”. Possibly you’re just trying to show that even though this belief is both popular and widespread amongst Muslims, it still may be erroneous? As far as this probably being the belief of most “local Imams”, you’re partly right, as the above quotation from Ibn Taymiyyah indicated. This is because all of the Qur’anic verses and hadeeths that refer to Jesus’ death refer when he returns to earth in the time of the Mahdi. However, your statement that ” . . . when Jesus comes back to Earth to judge people (including Muhammad? – interesting to know what you think about this)”, is not correct. It seems as though you’ve confused Christian beliefs with Muslim beliefs. As the last paragraph of Ibn Taymiyyah’s quotation said, Islam certainly does not teach that Jesus, peace be upon him, will come to judge people – especially Muhammad, peace be upon him. Neither the Qur’an nor the authentic hadeeths record such a thing, and I’d be surprised to hear of a “local Imam” who believed such a thing. I know Christians believe that Jesus will come to judge “both the quick and the dead” on the Last Day, but Muslims certainly don’t. In Islam, the Final Judgment is for Almighty God alone – not for someone who sits at His “right hand”. I think that you might need to check some of your sources, because I don’t know where you got such an idea. On that note, I would just like to say that it is always wise to learn about a religion from those who adhere to it. Unfortunately, when you go into most bookstores in the West, the Christians books are written by Christians, the Jewish books by Jews, but the books on Islam are written by Christians, Jews, Orientalists, atheists – and maybe you’ll find one or two by a Muslim if you’re lucky!

Concerning your statement that we then “have to decide what to do about Question 1”, well it has already been addressed, since “Question 1” has been shown to be marred by a mis-translation, and your hypothetical opinion of the “local Imam” has already been addressed above. As far as the reasons why Muslims don’t just “accept that the prophecy has already happened, as many people think it has?”, as I’ve already said, Islam isn’t made up of personal desires, whims or what “people think”. It is based on Divine Revelation. The long quotation from Ibn Taymiyyah, which I included above, should be enough to prove that the Muslim position on this issue is the one most consistent with both the Qur’an and the authentic hadeeths.

Your third question was: “If Jesus spoke from his cradle only days after he had been born, this would really be a miracle. However, both Christians and Muslims believe that when Jesus was born on Earth, He was a perfect man. Men don’t speak when they are only babies, so was God speaking through him? If so, then the words are those of God, not Jesus. In the same way, Muslims believe that the words in the Qur’an are from Allaah, not Muhammad. If Jesus really did speak from his cradle, then 1) he would be much more than a mere human, and 2) why did Christians not report such a miracle to reinforce the status of Jesus?”

Well this paragraph sure brings up some interesting questions! While it is true that Christians and Muslim both believe that Jesus was a “perfect” man, they don’t believe this in the same way. When Muslims say that Jesus, or any other prophet, was “perfect”, they mean “free from sin”. Many scholars hold that this means free from both major and minor sins, while others hold that it only means major sins during their actual call to prophethood – and anything that would have effected their ability to carry out their prophetic duties. However, none of the prophets were free from unintentional mistakes or mistakes in judgment, since even the Qur’an documents some of these about Muhammad, peace be upon him. This having been said, it should be clear that Muslims don’t consider Jesus, peace be upon him, or any of the other prophets, to have been “perfect” in the absolute sense, since that attribute is reserved for Almighty God alone.

Now concerning your statement: “Men don’t speak when they are only babies, so was God speaking through him?”, you seemed to have unnecessarily limited the various options and interpretations of this event. Even though it is certainly possible that Almighty God was speaking through him (just like He did to all of His prophets), the more apparent meaning is that God gave him the ability (or caused him) to be able to speak in the cradle. And “yes!”, this certainly is a miracle, since anytime such a wondrous and extraordinary thing happens due to God’s will, it is a miracle. Additionally, I don’t know why you conclude that this disqualifies Jesus from being a “perfect man”. As I’ve already said, “perfect” means “free from sin”, and participating in a miracle with God’s help is certainly not a sin. Actually, a sinful act would be to refuse to participate in, or believe in, such a miracle.

Moving on . . . your conclusion that if Jesus, peace be upon him, did speak from the cradle, “he would be much more than a mere human” seems to be a bit inconsistent, since most prophets of God did miracles. However, in spite of the fact that they did miracles, this does not mean that they are more than human beings. This is one of the main misconceptions that Islam came to correct, both among the idol-worshippers and the Christians. This is because Christians use inconsistent logic when trying to justify the alleged “Divinity” of Jesus by saying that he did great miracles. Both Muslims and Christians agree that Moses parted the Red Sea (Exodus 14:21-22), but does that make him “more than human”? Elisha fed one hundred men with only a few loaves of bread and ears of corn (II Kings 4:44), he cured the blind (II Kings 6:17-20), and even raised the dead (II Kings 4:34 ). Elijah, according to the Old Testament, also raised people from the dead (I Kings 17:22). However, none of this made these great prophets “Divine” or “more than human”. Above, I have already quoted verses from the New Testament which prove that Jesus only did his miracles by the power of God – just like the other prophets.

An important point that I need to mention is that the root of all “shirk”, which is the Arabic word for associating and worshipping others along with Almighty God, is the belief that prophets and other “holy men” were “more than human”. In the Qur’an, God Almighty said: “And they said: ‘Do not forsake your gods, neither Wadd, Suwa’, Yaghuth, Ya’uq, nor Nasr” (Qur’an 71:23). It is narrated in an authentic hadeeth that Ibn ‘Abbas, a companion of the Prophet , commented on this verse as follows: “These are names of righteous people, descendants of Noah. When they passed away, Satan inspired their people to set up statues in their honor and to give the statues the names of the departed. Later, when their origins were forgotten, the excessive esteem paid to them turned into worship”.

Unfortunately your mentality seems to be very close to the prevalent Christian mindset which elevates Jesus to “Divinity” based on his miracles. This is unfortunate, because this is the same mistake that other religions have fallen into. In whatever way, they almost all believe in One Supreme Creator God, but they set up intermediaries between themselves and Almighty God. This tendency can be seen not only in Hindus and Christians, but was also the belief of the pagan Arabs at the time of Muhammad, peace be upon him. As the following verses clearly show, they believed in “One God”, but they used intermediaries to approach Him:

“Ask them (i.e. the pagan disbelievers): ‘Who sends down for you your provision from the sky and grows it out of the earth? Who hears your prayer and sees your condition? Who brings the living out of the dead and the dead out of the living? Who directs the course of the world?’ They will answer: ‘God’. Answer: ‘Would you then not fulfill your duty to Him?'” (Qur’an 10:31)

“Those who worshipped others as patrons beside God, claiming that they did so only to come through their intercession nearer to Him, will receive the judgment of God in the matter they contend. God will not guide the ingrate, the liar.” (Qur’an 39:3)

“They serve beside God beings which can neither benefit nor harm, claiming, ‘These are our intercessors with God’.” (Qur’an 10:18)

“And when they ride in barks [in stormy seas] they address their prayers to Almighty God in complete sincerity, but relapse into shirk (i.e. associating partners with Him) when they reach the shore.” (Qur’an 29:65)

Keeping these verses in mind, a believer in Pure Monotheism (i.e. a Muslim) realizes that no matter how many miracles anyone does, they are not God. This is because only God is God. The Creator and His creation are distinct – there is no ambiguity in “Divinity”. As the Ten Commandments say, there is no image “in the heavens above or in the earth beneath” which can represent Almighty God. Unfortunately, if one looks at the justifications that Christians often use for considering Jesus, peace be upon him, to be “Divine”, it becomes rather evident they have become caught up in trying to “elevate” him to being Divine. At least that is the way many of them seem to rationalize it to themselves. These types of ideas first took root among pagan Greeks and Romans, who were used to having incarnate gods. However, the Jews – who placed a high value on monotheism – for the most part completely rejected Trinitarian Christianity and its Incarnationist ideas.

Before moving on I should address an issue that Christians often bring up in response to statements like some of the ones which I’ve made above. They basically ask how Muslims can accuse the followers of Jesus, peace be upon him, of being “polytheists” when they were all “monotheistic Jews”. Actually, Muslims don’t levy any such claim against the actual disciples of Jesus, peace be upon him, since the corruption of the Pure Monotheism of Jesus was done by later so-called Christians (who were influenced by Paul). However, suffice it to say that just because someone is a nominal member of a “monotheistic” community, there is no guarantee that they will not get caught up in corrupt beliefs that compromise their “monotheism”. In this regard, the label “polytheism” doesn’t really sound right, since to many it implies simply believing in the existence of more than one God. So when applied to Christians, the words “associators”, “man-worshippers” or “creature worshippers” might be more accurate and appropriate terms – especially since Christians believe Jesus to be both “100% God and 100% man” – while still paying lip-service to God’s “Oneness”. However, what is really at the root of this problem is the fact that Christians don’t really know what “monotheism” means – especially in the Islamic sense. All of the books, articles and papers that I’ve read which were written by Christians invariably limit “monotheism” to believing in the existence of “One Sovereign and Creator God” – as seemingly opposed to two, three or four (as if there are pagans out there who belief such a thing???). Islam, however, teaches much more than this. Since the pure Islamic concept of monotheism (Arabic: Tawheed) is not the main subject of this paper, I wont’ go into great detail. However, suffice it to say that just because someone claims to be a “monotheistic” Jew, Christian or Muslim, that doesn’t keep them from falling into corrupt beliefs and idolatrous practices. Many people, including some so-called Muslims, claim belief in “One God” even though they’ve fallen into acts of idolatry. Certainly, many Protestants accuse Roman Catholics of idolatrous practices in regards to the saints and the Virgin Mary. Likewise, the Greek Orthodox Church is considered “idolatrous” by many other Christians because in much of their worship they use icons. However, if you ask a Roman Catholic or a Greek Orthodox person if God is “One”, they will invariably answer: “Yes!”. This lip-service, however, does not stop them from being “creature worshipping” idolaters. The same goes for Hindus, who just consider their gods to be “manifestations” or “incarnations” of the One Supreme God. You should know that throughout the long history of the “Abrahamic Faiths”, there have people who, while believing in “One God”, have adopted beliefs and practices that completely nullify their claim to “monotheism”. This is the Muslim view of Christians. We’re well aware of the fact that they claim belief in “One God” with your lips, but this doesn’t mean that they don’t nullify their claim in other ways. This is because many people simply haven’t been taught everything that Pure Monotheism entails. From an Islamic point of view, “monotheism” can be nullified in many ways. For example, simply believing that it is permissible to rule by Western “liberal” and “democratic” laws in lieu of the Divinely Revealed Law of Almighty God makes one a “polytheist”. Certainly, a person who does such a thing, whether Jewish, Christian or Muslim, doesn’t ever believe that there is another Almighty Creator and Sovereign Lord. However, for all practical purposes, such a person has take another “god”, whether they choose to admit it or not. In this way they are associating partners with Almighty God (Arabic: shirk), and thus become a “polytheistic” in a practical sense, regardless of their lip-service to “monotheism”. This holds true even if the person doesn’t believe what they are doing is “worship”. For example, Roman Catholics who pray to the Virgin Mary will staunchly deny that they are “worshipping” her. They instead call it “adoration” or some other watered-down term. However, from an Islamic point of view, what is worship if not this? Additionally, how can someone who believes in Almighty God follow man-made laws instead of God’s Law, without admitting that they’ve begun worshipping other than God? Do they know better than God? What is their concept of Him? Etc., etc., etc., Food for thought . . .

Concerning the issue of why “did Christians not report such a miracle to reinforce the status of Jesus?”, that’s a fairly easy one to answer because Christians left out lots of things in their reports of Jesus, peace be upon him, in the so-called “Four Gospels”. Many a scholar has noted that if you take all of the words spoken by Jesus in the so-called “Gospels”, they would hardly be enough to fill two newspaper columns. Since, according to the New Testament, Jesus’ ministry lasted about three years, there must have been a lot he said and did that was not recorded. Anyway, many of the events that are recorded in the so-called “Gospels” are not recorded unanimously by all four of the writers. For example, the raising of Lazarus from the dead, one of Jesus’ greatest miracles, is reported in only one gospel. Why did the other gospel writers leave it out? Additionally, the accounts of Jesus’ alleged Resurrection differ greatly (read them and compare!), and his Ascension is not reported in all four of the so-called “Gospels”, etc., etc., etc.

As anyone who has read the “Four Gospels” knows, many of the stories included in there differ quite a bit, especially the stories of his childhood, which is our main concern here. For example, Matthew is the only one that tells the story of the “Flight into Egypt” (Matthew 2:13-15), Luke is the only one that mentions that Jesus was brought to the Temple in Jerusalem as a young boy (Luke 2:22-24) and John leaves out mentioning Jesus’ childhood altogether. Why is this? There must have been many other incidents that weren’t mentioned, but just because they were not mentioned by the so-called “Gospel writers”, doesn’t mean that they didn’t happen. Reasonably speaking, the Qur’an portrays the incident of Jesus, peace be upon him, speaking from the cradle as being directed towards disbelieving and hostile Jews. Most probably, none of Jesus’ followers-to-be were around at the time, so it is no wonder that the “Gospel” writers didn’t know about it.

One final point may help in bringing out more clearly the fact that many important miracles were often reported by only one of the “Gospel” writers. Two short verses in Matthew say that at the moment of Jesus’ death “the tombs were opened; and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they entered into the holy city and appeared unto many” (Matthew 27:52-53). This is an account of a miracle unsurpassed anywhere else in the so-called “Four Gospels”, and it makes the alleged Resurrection of Jesus appear like nothing in comparison. In this case, many saints were raised and appeared to “many” in Jerusalem. Unlike the accounts of Jesus raising Lazarus, or the synagogue ruler’s daughter or Jesus himself being raised, this depicts saints dead for much longer than “three days” being raised. And, from the phrase, “they entered the holy city and appeared to many”, it is possible to conclude that these many raised saints showed themselves to both believers and non-believers! However, Matthew is the only one to report this great event. Josephus, who was a historian who wrote a history of Jerusalem both prior to and after her fall, i.e., forty years after the death of Jesus, knew of Jesus, peace be upon him, but he said nothing about this great “raising” and “appearing” of many saints. Of this greatest of all miracles, not a rumor appears in the works of Josephus or of any other ancient author. Surely at least one of the many raised out of those many emptied tombs was still alive just prior to Josephus’ time. Or at least many who had seen those many saints were still repeating the tale. Although people may have doubted that Jesus raised a few people while he was alive and although “some doubted” Jesus’ own Resurrection (Matthew 28:17), who could fail to have been impressed by many risen saints appearing to many? How also could Peter have neglected to mention them in his Jerusalem speech a mere fifty days after they “appeared to many in the holy city”? Surely their appearance must have been foremost on everyone’s mind. So why didn’t Paul mention such a thing in his letters, our earliest sources? Surely, if the Holy Spirit inspired Matthew to write about it, he could have inspired the others. Why did the women who visited the “empty tomb” on the Sunday morning of Jesus’ alleged Resurrection not take notice that many other tombs were likewise open? Why didn’t the visitors to Jesus’ tomb mention that they had met or seen many raised saints in that vicinity, meeting them on the way to Jesus’ tomb or on the way back to town? Why didn’t Matthew know how many raised saints there were? Why didn’t he name a single one or a single person to whom they had appeared? How did Matthew know that these saints had come out of their tombs? So basically, your question of why Christians didn’t report that Jesus, peace be upon him, spoke from the cradle actually brings up more questions than it attempts to answer. More food for thought . . .

I hope that these answers are adequate. I encourage you to not only reflect on them, but to research them more if you feel that it is necessary. For your own sake, and for the sake of Truth, try to “take a step back” and look at everything in an unbiased manner. It’s not always easy, but that’s the only way we can come to understand beliefs other than our own If you have any other questions relating to Islam, I would be more than happy to try to answer them for you – or find answers for you. I pray that Almighty God guides you to the Truth, and I look forward to hearing from you in the future – insha’Allaah (God Willing).

Best Regards,

‘Abd ar-Rahman Robert Squires

JESUS misquoted in the Gospel??

EDMONTON, ALBERTA  (CP) – Has Jesus been misquoted for thousands of years or did he actually utter the words: “I am the light of the world?”

An international panel of religious scholars, known as the JesusSeminar, says many of the quotes attributed to Christ were not actuallyspoken by him.

In their new book The Five Gospels, the scholars conclude only about 90of the 1,500 gospel quotations attributed to Jesus are likely His words.The rest have been tampered with by writers and revisionists over the centuries, they say.

For example, the quote: “I am the light of the world,” from the book of John appears in no other Gospel, say the scholars, and reflects a speech pattern more common to the Greco-Roman world than that of Christ.

The panel – including members of different denominations who all hold Ph.D’s – spent more than seven years struggling to come up with an accurate historic portrayal of Christ.

“It’s a historian’s approach,” says Rev. Bruce Miller. “Having those stories told about Jesus doesn’t mean that they’re really true.”

The book is called the Five Gospels because it gives credence to St. Thomas, the so- called writer of the fifth Gospel who has been rejected by most Christian doctrine.

Only Four Gospels, written by Mark, Matthew, Luke and John have been accepted by traditional Christian Churches.

While Thomas’s writing on Jesus are sparse, the scholars think his Christ quotations are more accurate because they aren’t embellished with colorful metaphors.

The scholars’ conclusions may offend some. “It will be controversial for those people who are used to reading the Bible and accepting everything it says,” says Miller.

The book also challenges the basic Christian belief of Jesus as Son of God or as the Savior.

“Jesus appears as a spirit-filled prophet who has compassion for the poor and the needy. It’s later writers who raised Him on a pedestal and claimed that He is God.”

Christ Himself kept no written records nor did His apostles. The first Gospel, handed down by oral folklore, was written by Mark nearly 50 years after Jesus died.

“In a sense Mark and Matthew and Luke and John tampered with the original words,”

says Miller. “For us, that seems to be quite a terrible thing to do. But in those days, they did it all the time.”

Some Thoughts on ‘Proofs’ of the Alleged Divinity of Jesus

One of the crucial issues which separates Islam and Christianity is their beliefs concerning the nature of Jesus – peace be upon him. The majority of Christians believe that Jesus is “Divine”, i.e. they believe him to be God incarnate. Muslims, on the other hand, beleive that Jesus was only a great Prophet of God and a faultless human being.

 
Approach to a Muslim–Christian Dialogue

The doctrine of the Trinity says that the three distinct co-equals are altogether God — or that God is made up of three co-equal “persons”. In particular, Jesus is said to be “God the Son”, or the “Son of God”. In a Muslim-Christian dialogue, inevitably the Muslim will question the details regarding this theology. The Christian, on the other hand, will usually form a common explanation by complaining that Muslims simply do not understand the Trinity, and that what the Muslim accuses the Christians of is one thing which Christians don’t really believe. In short Muslims do not understand how the Christians understood the Trinity. The Muslim seeks to find clarifications of the teachings of this doctrine by asking for explanations as to how that would be so, because the term Son of God cannot have a literal interpretation: Sonship and divine nature would be two attributes which are incomparable, because sonship describes someone who receives life while divine nature describes someone who receives life from no one. To be a son is to be less than divine and to be divine is to be no one’s son. Eventually the Christians would seek refuge in the response of “these are things which we cannot understand.”

 

Verification and Understanding

Christians seem to be confusing two concepts — the concept of verification and the concept of understanding. This can be illustrated in the example of hydrogen combining with oxygen to make water. We can verify this statement in a laboratory to see whether this statement is a statement of fact. But after verification, that does not mean what we have understood the nature of atoms. Verification and understanding are two different concepts. Thus, what Muslims should do is to re-direct the discussions because the first issue is more basic than simply resolving all the difficult points of Trinitarian doctrines. It is not the explanation of how to understand the concept of the Trinitarian doctrine that we seek, but rather, to seek verifications of their belief, that is, why in the first place must we believe that Jesus is divine (not how but why).

 

The Trinity — A Church Doctrine

If Muslims pursue this approach, ultimately many Christians will usually say that “the Church says so”, that is, it is the Church’s doctrine. Thus many Christians’ arguments stop short of questioning the Church’s authority. They will not challenge it to find out the basis for their claim or their teaching. Although many Christians in fact concede that this is the case on the subject of Trinitarian doctrine, there are also others who insist that Jesus did talk about the Trinity himself.

 

“Let them produce proof”

We have been told in the Qur’an to tell the Christians “Let them produce proof”. Thus we demand them to provide documentation that Jesus himself claimed unqualified divinity for himself, and that he said in so many words: “I am God”. The Muslims are advised by another Qur’anic verse to tell the Christians: “Say: O people of the Book you have no ground to stand upon unless you stand fast by the Law, the Gospel and all the Revelation that has come to you from your Lord.” This demand is reasonable, for Muslims are also told in another verse that Jesus never claimed to be God. Therefore if the Christians were to look into their own scripture they would not be able to find any saying of Jesus, that should him clearly claiming to be equal with God.

 

Explicit and implicit statements

From the Biblical record, the sayings accredited to Jesus are very small because after allowing for duplications in the Four Gospels’ account of his -life, these sayings could be reprinted in two columns of a typical newspaper. And none of these texts is a clear claim to divinity, because nowhere does he explicitly claim to be God. All the quotations are implicit. The difference is, an explicit statement is one which requires no explanation. The meaning is right on the .surface of the word. For example, when your gas gauge in your car shows empty, you do not need to ask your passenger to interpret it for you. it is very clear. An implicit statement is a statement where the meaning is carried just beneath the surface of the word. It requires some thought before we determine what was meant by the words. And all quotations that are cited by Christians in order to put in the mouth of Jesus the claim of deity are implicit — which means interpretation is required. Thus what happens is, when we are told what Jesus said, we are then told what he meant. In other words, they interpret the meaning for us.

 

Christians’ claim

The Christians’ claim of Jesus to be God through his Virgin birth (The Immaculate Conception) is cited as one case of insufficient evidence. But, the Bible also tells us about the Creation of Adam — i.e. without father or mother; and the account of the miracle associated with the prophet Elisha. Also, the case of Melchizekdek can be cited: “without father or mother or genealogy, and has neither beginning of days nor end of life, but resembling the Son of God” – Hebrews 7:3. For these men, no Christian will say he was divine. Yet each has the qualifications in common with Jesus. Another claim is that Jesus was God because the Hebrew Scripture predicted his coming before he was born. Yet the Christians seem to betray a selective or forgetful recall of the Scriptures because in places where they predict the coming of John the Baptist they quote prophecies from the Book of Malachi.

 

Son of Man, Son of God, Messiah, Savior

Another argument of Christians that Jesus claimed to be God is that Jesus constantly used the terms, “Son of God”, “Son of Man” and “Messiah” and “Savior”. Since he uses these terms, they argued, therefore he was claiming to be God. These terms were also applied to other individuals as well, in the Bible. For example, Ezekiel was addressed as “Son of Man”. Jesus himself speaks of the peace makers as “sons of God”. It is interesting to note that even though Jesus is called the “Son of God” in the Bible, he is never called “God the Son”, which is what the Christians have made him into due to their Trinitarian theology. Even Cyrus the Persian is called “Messiah”, or “the anointed”, in Isaiah Chapter 45. This verse has been translated in a misleading way. The meaning of the Hebrew word “Messiah” is “God’s anointed”. Here, when it refers to Cyrus, they translated the Hebrew word “Messiah” with “God’s anointed”. But in places where- the Bible is talking about Jesus, when the term “Messiah” appears, instead of translating it as “anointed”, they simply transliterate it (i.e. they write the Hebrew words with the Roman Alphabet without translating it) so that it reads “Messiah”. Interestingly this word “Messiah” is in the Greek equivalent written as “Christ”. Thus there seems to be a conspiracy to give us the impression that there is only one Messiah, one Christ and no other. As for the term “Savior”, the word is clearly applied to other individuals besides Jesus, for example the Book of II Kings, Chapter 13, Verse 5, says: “And the Lord gave Israel a Savior, so they went out from under the hand of the Syrians; and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents as beforetime.”

 

“I and My Father are One”

In John, Chapter 10, Verse 30, Jesus is quoted as saying “I and my Father are one”. Some Christian scholars have insisted that the only probable understanding of these Words are: as one in essence or nature. Yet there are several examples where the same Greek words were used but not understood in the same way. For example, John 17:11 says: “And now I am no more in the world but these are in the world and I come to thee. Holy Father keep through their own name, those who thou hast given me that they may be one, as we are.”

IS JESUS GOD?

Why is Jesus GOD?

1. Jesus Is God Because He Claimed To Be The Son Of God

2. Jesus Is God Because He Is God’s Only Begotten Son

3. Jesus Is God Because He Was Born Without A Human Father

4. Jesus Is God Because He Called God The Father

5. Jesus Is God Because He Is Called Messiah

6. Jesus is GOD Because He Received Worship

7. Jesus is GOD Because He is called Lord and God

8. Jesus is GOD Because He Pre-Existed

9. Jesus is GOD Because He claimed Before Abraham Was I am

10. Jesus is GOD Because He had the Power To Forgive Sins

11. Jesus is GOD Because He is the way, the truth and the life

12. Jesus is GOD Because He claims that I And The Father Are One

13. Jesus is GOD Because He Possessed Knowledge of All Things

14. Jesus is GOD Because He Performed Miracles

15. Jesus never claimed to be GOD

“Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, A MAN attested to you by God with mighty works and wonders and signs which God did through him in your midst, as you yourselves know…” Acts 2:22

For the Christian, the only documents accepted as reporting the words of Jesus are the accounts given in the Bible. However, there are no sayings of Jesus where he claimed “I am God” or “Worship me”.

All quotations used to prove that Jesus is divine are implicit, that is, they require interpretation. We are told what Jesus said and then told what he meant.

The primary issue here is not whether Jesus is God, but whether he said that he was equal to God.

The evidence that is presented by the Christian is either inadequate, inconclusive, ambiguous; or unacceptable.

 

1. Jesus Is God Because He Claimed To Be The Son Of God

In the language of the Hebrew Bible, righteous persons who follow the Will and Plan of God are know as Sons Of God.

“Adam, which was the Son Of God.” Luke 3:38

“The Sons Of God saw the daughters of men… And the Sons Of God came in unto the daughters of men…” Genesis 6: 2,4.

“Israel is My Son, even my first born.” Exodus 4:22

“…for I (God) am a Father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.” Jeremiah 31:9

“The Lord hath said unto me (David), Thou art My Son this day have I Begotten thee.” Psalms 2:7.

Also Mat 5:9; Romans 8:14 etc.

Son Of God is a nothing but a metaphorical description commonly used among the Jews.

 

2. Jesus Is God Because He Is God’s Only Begotten Son

The most widely translated sentence on earth is said to be Jesus’ statement of John 3:16,

“For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten son…”

Christians wish to say that the word Only Begotten (Monogenis) gives Jesus a special status among all the Sons of God.

However, not all Bibles translate the passage with this key word because some translators have seen the difficulty this causes.

The same word translated as Only Begotten is found at Hebrews 11:17. In this verse the word refers to Isaac. The Bible itself shows that Isaac’s older brother Ishmael outlived his father (Genesis 25:9). Therefore, at no time was Isaac, strictly speaking, the only begotten of Abraham.

In the case of Isaac the Church explains that “only-begotten” is not to be understood strictly but must be modified. However, no such modification is allowed in the case of John 3:16.

 

3. Jesus Is God Because He Was Born Without A Human Father

Does the miraculous birth of Jesus make him a God?

If being born without a male parent entitles Jesus to being God, then Adam would have a greater right to such honor. Adam was born without either a human father or mother.

 

4. Jesus Is God Because He Called God The Father

The use of the term Father is inconclusive evidence that God was literally Father to Jesus. All Christians use the term when addressing God. The Jews themselves used the term (John 8:41). Jesus told them that the devil was their Father (John 8:44). Of course, he was not speaking literally.

 

5. Jesus Is God Because He Is Called Messiah

Muslims agree that Jesus was the Messiah. However, Christians have come to believe that there is a connotation of divinity in the word. Messiah is a Hebrew word meaning Anointed, its Grecian form is Christ. Although modern Bibles hide the fact, many individuals are called Messiah. Cyrus the Persian is called Messiah (anointed) in Isaiah 45:1.

Where Bible verses refer to Jesus, translators prefer use the word Messiah or Christ. For all other occurrences, they render only the meaning of the word as anointed. In this way they hope to give the impression that there is only one Messiah. (for details see below)

 

6. Jesus is GOD Because He Received Worship

The fact that Jesus accepted worship is offered as strong proof of his divinity.

John 9:38: “Lord, I believe, and he worshipped him.”

Matthew 28:17 “they saw him, they worshipped him”.

The word translated as worshipped in both verses is the Greek word proskuneo {pros-ku-neh’-o} which literally means: “To kiss, like a dog licking his masters hand”. (Strong’s concordance).

Even Prophet Daniel was worshipped by Nebuchadnezzar:

“Then the king Nebuchadnezzar fell upon his face and worshipped Daniel…” (Daniel 2:46, KJV)

If He was not to be worshipped, why didn’t He tell this man to stop? It appears that “worship” was a type of greeting or salutation offered by the king.

In all modern versions of the Bible, when Daniel was worshipped, the word worship has been removed. However, in the case of Jesus, the word worship still remains. (e.g., compare NIV and KJV)

The same trick is applied to the word Messiah/Christ. Messiah is a Hebrew word meaning Anointed, its Grecian form is Christ. Although modern Bibles hide the fact, many individuals are called Messiah. Cyrus ther Persian is called Messiah (anointed) in Isaiah 45:1. Where Bible verses refer to Jesus, translators prefer use the word Messiah or Christ. For all other occurrences, they render only the meaning of the word as anointed. In this way they hope to give the impression that there is only one Messiah.)

 

7. Jesus is GOD Because he is called Lord And God

An episode is recounted in the twentieth chapter of John and a certain Thomas is quoted as saying, My Lord and My God.

In interpreting this, Christians maintain that Thomas was addressing Jesus by both of these titles. The Muslim would have no objection to the term Lord.

As the Bible explains, the word means Master and Sarah is said to have called her husband Abraham by this title (1 Peter 3:6).

The suggestion that Thomas addressed Jesus as literally being God is a different matter. Jesus had already pointed out that the Hebrew scriptures themselves address men as gods (John 10:34; Psalms 82:6). This would allow for Thomas’ use of the term.

However, Paul gave new rules in 1 Corinthians chapter 8, saying that there are many lords and gods …yet for us there is but one God, the Father,… and one Lord, Jesus Christ…

Christians apply this verse to sort out the ambiguities of Thomas’ expression. But now we are left with an unorthodox doctrine, namely that Jesus is the Father.

This ancient heresy has been branded by the Church as Patripassianism, Moarchianism, or Sebellianism. The impossibility of an orthodox interpretation of Thomas is now apparent.

The distinction between Father and Son is essential to the doctrine of Trinity.

The distinction is blurred again when John 14:9 is pressed into service. Here Jesus’ reply to a man named Philip is recorded as He who has seen me has seen the Father.

A strictly literal explication would mean the unacceptable doctrine that Jesus is the Father. So interpreters say that Father is here equivalent to God. However, we cannot possibly be obliged to understand that Jesus meant to say that seeing him was exactly the same as seeing God because he was God. Our reason is found in the contrariety of John 5:37 You have neither heard His (God) voice at any time nor seen his form.

 

8. Jesus is GOD Because He Pre-Existed

At John 8:58 it is reported that Jesus said, Before Abraham was I am.

Even if Jesus meant to claim by these words that he was alive before Abraham was, is it sufficient ground to say that he was divine?

If Jesus lived in heaven then came to the earth it might mean something remarkable, but it would not be enough to establish him as God Christians do not imagine that the prophet Jeremiah had a prehuman existence and find a suitable way of interpreting the words of Jeremiah 1:5 which portrays such a situation, if taken literally.

However not such similar understanding is permitted by the Church in the case of John 8:58!

 

9. Jesus is GOD Because He claims Before Abraham was I am

In Exodus 3, it is reported that God told Moses I am what I am as most English Bibles translate the Hebrew text. At John 8:58 Jesus says, before Abraham was I am as most English Bibles translate the Greek text.

But here is the key to another deception. The original of the first text is in Hebrew, while the original of the second is in Greek. All but a few of Jesus’ words are recorded in Greek.

For two hundred years before the time of Jesus the Jews used a Greek translation of their Hebrew scriptures, the Septuagint. This work translated the key phrase I am of Exodus as HO ON. However, the words of Jesus, I am, have been given in Greek as EGO EMI

If the gospel writer in John 8:58 wanted to tell his Greek-speaking audience that Jesus had imitated God he would have used the familiar words of the Septuagint.

 

10. Jesus is GOD Because He Had The Power To Forgive Sins

In the second chapter of Mark, Jesus tells a man, Your sins are forgiven (Mark 2:5-10). The fact that Jesus forgave sins is perhaps the action of Jesus which is most commonly seen as being synonymous with divinity since it is argued that only God can forgive sins. The customary interpretation takes the side of the Jews then present who ask, Who can forgive sins but God alone?

But the verse at John 12:49, among others, explains very well how a man could make such a statement. In this verse Jesus denies any personal initiative. (see also John 8:40; 14:10)

This same authority to forgive sins is apparently granted to his disciples: If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven… (John 20:23), but it is never suggested that the disciples are thus divine!

 

11. Jesus is GOD Because He is The Way, The Truth and The Life

I am the way, the truth and the life, no one comes to the Father, but through me.(John 14:6)

Exactly what this verse is supposed to prove is left vague by the Christian. Does it prove the divinity of Jesus? Is it supposed to mean that God listens to no one except Jesus or those who call on Jesus?

The dictionary shows that the words “way”, “truth”, and “life” do not automatically carry connotations of divinity. So the Christian insist that the structure of the sentence stresses the way, the truth, and the life, as though Jesus is unique for all time.

Bill Clinton may  have been the American President but he is not the first and probably not the last! So language usage alone does not do the job of proving Jesus’ divinity.

 

12. Jesus is GOD Because He Claims That I And The Father Are One

At John 10:30 Jesus is quoted as saying I and the Father are one. The Greek word translated One is HEN. Certain scholars have insisted that the only possible understanding of this word is One in essence or nature.

One need not be a Greek scholar to refute this unjustified claim. A counter example is sufficient. The same word is used by Jesus in John 17:11, 21,22,23 as he includes his disciples in this ONEness, whatever the meaning.

 

13. Jesus is GOD Because He Possessed Knowledge of All Things

This is a false claim refuted by Jesus himself: No-one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, NOR THE SON, but only the Father. Matthew 24:36.

This verse also denies the claim the God and Jesus are ONE is essence or nature.

 

14. Jesus is GOD Because He Performed Miracles

Jesus admitted that the miracles he performed were not by his own power:

•…All power is GIVEN unto me in heaven. Mat 28:18

•I cast out devils BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD… Mat 12:28

•I can of mine OWN SELF do nothing… John 5:30

All the miracles performed by Jesus have parallels in the Old Testament. For example:

•Fed the Multitudes: II Kings 4:42-44

•Healed the lepers and blind: so did others I Kings 5:14; 6:17,20;

•Acts 3:7; 5:15-16)

•Brought the dead to life: So did others: I Kings 17:22; II Kings 13:21; Ezek 37:1-14)

•Rose from the dead: So did others Ezek 37:1-14

 

15. Jesus never claimed to be GOD

And behold! God will say: “O Jesus the son of Mary! Did you say unto men, ‘worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of God?'” He will say: “Glory to you. Never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my heart, though I know not what is in Yours. For you know in full what is hidden. (The Noble Qur’an 5:116)

They do blaspheme who say “God is the Christ the son of Mary.” But Christ said “O Children of Israel! Worship God, (who is) my Lord and your Lord.” Whosoever joins other gods with God – God will forbid him the Garden, and the fire will be his abode… They do blaspheme who say “God is one of three in a Trinity”. For there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous penalty will befall the blasphemers among them.” (The Noble Qur’an 5:72-73).