The Signs Of Ahlul-Bid’ah – The People Of Innovation

Imaam Abu ‘Uthmaan Ismaa’eel ibn ‘AbdurRahmaan as-Saaboonee [d.449AH]
Taken From His Great Book ‘Aqeedatus-Salaf As.Haabul-Hadeeth
Published By: Masjid Ibnu Taymeeyah

148. The signs of Ahlul-Bid’ah are not hidden but are apparent. Their most apparent sign and trait is their intense enmity and hatred for the carriers of the ahaadeeth of the Prophet, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam). They look down at them and they name them Hashwiyyah, Jahalah, Dhaahiriyyah and Mushshabihah because of their different beliefs regarding the ahaadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam) ; that it does not contain knowledge, and that knowledge which the shaytaan gives them as a result of their corrupt minds, the whisperings of their darkened breasts, the misgiving notions of their hearts which are devoid of any good and their speech and invalid proofs. In fact they are nothing more than untenable and false doubts.
“They are the ones who Allaah has cursed. So He has made them deaf and blinded in their vision.”[1]

“And whomsoever Allaah disgraces, none can honour. Indeed Allaah does what He wills.”[2]

149. Al-Haakim Aboo ‘Abdullaah al-Haafidh, informed me from Aboo ‘Alee al-Hussain ibn ‘Alee al-Haafidh, who heard from Ja’far ibn Ahmad ibn Sinaan al-Waasitee, who heard from Ahmad ibn Sinaan al-Qataan, who said:

“There is no innovator in the world except that he hates the People of Hadeeth. Whenever a man innovates, the sweetness of the ahaadeeth is removed from his heart.”[3]

150. Al-Haakim informed me from Aboo al-Hussain Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Handhalee, who heard from Aboo Ismaa’eel Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel at-Tirmidhee, who said:

“I and Ahmad ibn al-Hasan at-Tirmidhee were with the Imaam of the Religion Aboo ‘Abdullaah Ahmad ibn Hanbal when Ahmad ibn al-Hasan said to him, ‘O Aboo Abdullaah! They mentioned to Ibn Abee Qutailah, in Makkah, about the People of Hadeeth. So he (Ibn Abee Qutailah) replied, ‘The People of Hadeeth are a bad people’.’

Ahmad ibn Hanbal stood up and shook the dust off his clothes and left, saying, ‘Zindeeq (heretic), Zindeeq, Zindeeq,’ until he entered his home.”[4]

151. Al-Haakim Aboo ‘Abdullaah informed me from Aboo Nasr Ahmad ibn Sahl al-Faqhee in Bukhaara, who heard Aboo Nasr ibn Salaam al-Faqhee say:

“There is nothing more difficult upon the heretics and more hated to them than the listening and transmitting of ahaadeeth, with their asaaneed.”[5]
152. I heard al-Haakim say, that he heard the Shaykh Aboo Bakr Ahmad ibn Ishaaq ibn Ayyoob al-Faqhee say whilst he was debating with a man:
“‘Such a person related to me…’ (i.e. he related a hadeeth to the man).
The man replied, ‘Leave this relating business, up to where will you relate from.’ So the Shaykh responded by saying:

‘Stand O unbeliever, it is not allowed for you to enter my home after this.’

He turned to us and said:
‘I have never said this to anyone before him, not to enter my house, except him.’”[6]
153. I heard Aboo Mansoor Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn Hamshaad the scholar az-Zaahid, raheemahullaah, say that he heard Aboo al-Qaasim Ja’far ibn Ahmad al-Muqree ar-Raazee say that it was read over ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Abee Haatim ar-Raazee and I was listening, that he heard his father the Imaam of his country Aboo Haatim Muhammad ibn Idrees al-Handhalee ar-Raazee say:

“The traits of Ahlul-Bid’ah are that they battle with the people of narrations. A trait of the Zanaadiqah is that they name the people of narrations as Hashwiyyah, intending by that the relegation of the narrations. A trait of the Qadariyyah is that they name AhlusSunnah as Mujabbirah. A trait of the Jahmiyyah is that they name AhlusSunnah as Mushshabihah. A trait of the Rawaafidhah is that they name the People of Hadeeth as Naabitah or Naasibah.”[7]

154. It is all from party spirit, as there is no name for Ahl us-Sunnah except the name Ahlul-Hadeeth (The People of Hadeeth).

155. I see that the Ahl ul-Bid’ah, by attaching these names to Ahl us-Sunnah, are following the behaviour of the unbelievers, may Allaah curse them, who were present in the time of the Messenger of Allaah, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam). They sought to harass him by calling him names. Some of them would say that he is a magician. Some would say a sorcerer. Some would say a poet. Some would say a madman, a charmer, a fabricator or a liar. The Prophet, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam), was far and free from those abuses. He was merely a Messenger, Mustapha, and a Prophet, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam).
“See how they can make similitudes for you. So they have gone astray and they will not be able to find the (straight) path.”[8]
156. Also the innovators, may Allaah destroy them, seek to attack and try to cause controversy over the carriers and transmitters of his ahaadeeth, those who seek to follow him and seek guidance through his Sunnah. They are known as the People of Hadeeth. They labeled them as Hashwiyyah, Mushshabihah, Naabitah, Naasibah or Jabariyyah. The People of Hadeeth are far (protected) from these labels, being free, pure and clean from them.
They are not anything, other than the people of the complete Sunnah; the approved way; the level path and the decisive proofs. Allaah, The Most Majestic, has given them the tawfeeq to adhering to His Book, His Revelation and His Message, they follow the Messenger of Allaah, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam), through his narrations in which he ordered with good for his Ummah, by way of speech and actions, and in which he kept them from evil. He (Allaah) helped them to follow his, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam), Seerah and achieve guidance by attaching themselves to his Sunnah. He made the ones who adhere to it his closest allies.
He (Allaah) opened their hearts to love him and the aa’immah of His Sharee’ah and the scholars of the Ummah. One who loves a people, then he will be with them on the Day of Resurrection, as the Messenger of Allaah, (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi was-sallam), said:
“A man will be with those whom he loves.” [9]


f o o t n o t e s
1 Sooratul-Muhammad (47):23
2 Sooratul-Hajj (22):18
3 Related in al-Ma’rifah (p.4) and also related by al-Baghdaadee in Sharf Ashaab ul-Hadeeth (p.7) with a Saheeh isnaad.
4 Related in al-Ma’rifah (p.4) and also related by al-Baghdaadee (p.74)
5 Related in al-Ma’rifah (p.4) and also related by al-Baghdaadee (p.73-74)
6 Also related by as-Subkee in at-Tabaqaat (3:10). Its isnaad is Saheeh
7 [Ibn Abee Haatim also mentions it in his Usoolus-Sunnah wa ‘Itiqaad ud-Deen (p.21-22), al-Laalakaa’ee (2:179) and adhDhahabee in Mukhtasir al-‘Uloom (256). The isnaad is Saheeh.
8 Sooratul-Furqaan (25):9
9  Related by al-Bukhaaree (6168), Muslim (2640), Aboo Daawood (5127) and at-Tirmidhee (2505-2507).]
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1 Comment

  1. Mujahida said,

    May 5, 2009 at 5:40 pm

    Mashaa Allah, beneficial reminder. Jazakumu Allahu khairan.

    Ibn ‘Abbas (radiAllahu ‘anhuma) said: “Indeed the most detestable of things to Allaah are the innovations.”
    [al-Bayhaqi in as-Sunan al-Kubra (4/316)]

    May Allah guide us on the Haqq. Amin.

    Wa salamu aleikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu.


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