Deen ka sacha ‘ilm kya hai?? -(Iss deen k ‘ulama kaun hain??)

Islam ka ‘ilm hummey Quran aur sunnat sey milta hai. In dono sey hummey dou qism k ‘ilm haasil hotey hai. Aik ilm jo key ghaib hai (qiyaamat ka ‘ilm, etc.) aur dusra woh jo hummey nazar aa sakta hai (namaz ka tareeqa, etc.). ‘ilm-e-ghaib ka aik hissa woh hai jo key qiyamat k din hoga aur woh baaqi cheezain jo maut key baad houn gi. ‘ibaadat key ‘amli kaam, tijaarat ka ma’mla, aur baaki Suhbati ta’aluq; yeh sub ‘ilm ki dusri qism, yaani woh cheezain jo abhi humarey saamney maujood hain, uska hissa hain.   

Aur inn sub ki bunyaad hamaraa eeman hai; aur Allaah سبحانه و تعالى pey eeman rakhna, USKI bandagi kerna aur USKI hur huqm pey amul kerna. Aur yeh sub kernay ki taa’qut aur qu’att humey issi ‘ilm-e-ghaib sey milti hai, jo hummey Allaah سبحانه و تعالى  aur Uskey nabi صلى الله عليه و سلم sey milti hai, aur inhi dou (2) cheezoun sey hummey is ‘ilm pey amul kernay ki himmat milti hai.

Rasool صلى الله عليه و سلم ney hummey khud bahut saari cheezain bataayi hain jo key ‘ilm-e-ghaib mein shaamil hain, aisi cheezain jo unki zindagi mein hui aur kuch aisi jo unkey zindagi key baad houngi. Yeh ‘ilm ka woh hissa hai jo hummey rasool صلى الله عليه و سلم  sey milti hai.

Humney ab ‘ilm ka sahi matlab bata diya hai aur baaqi baatoun mein hum yeh batayein gey kay ‘ilm ka darja kiya hai aur kiya darja hai ‘ulamaoun ka taakey hum yeh achi tareekay sey jaan sakein k sachey ‘ulama kaun hain?

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Knowledge of the Deen (Religion)-Who are the Scholars of Islam?

Knowledge of the Deen of Islaam comprises knowledge that we get from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the unseen and of what is apparent. From the unseen is what will happen on Yawmul Qiyaamah (the Day of Reckoning) and in the life to come. It also includes acts of worship, business transactions, and other social relationships in the Deen.

This is based on eemaan (belief) that we have; and believing in Allaah سبحانه و تعالى, submitting to Him and carrying out whatever He commands us to do. This ability to implement whatever Allaah سبحانه و تعالى has commanded us to do is based on knowledge that we have from the unseen; that was received from Allaah سبحانه و تعالى and His Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم ; and by putting those things into practice.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم informed us of some of the things from the unseen – things that would happen during his time and after that. This is part of the knowledge that we have received from Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم.

Now that we have mentioned the definition of knowledge , the remainder of what follows concerns the Virtue of Knowledge and the Status of the Scholars so that we may become aware of who the scholars are.

‘ilm ki ta’reef (“Is deen kay ‘ulama kahun hain?”)

Shaikh حفظه الله  ney shoruaat ki ‘ilm ki taareef sey. Arabi zabaan mein iska matlab hota hai ‘samajh’ ya ‘jaan-na’ aur shariyat key hawaaley sey iska matlab hai: “Islam key deen ko uski saboot key saath jaan-na”.

Aur meray (shaikh) ‘ilm key mutaabiq subsey acha ‘ilm ka ta’urruf woh hai jo al-haafidh Ibn Rajab رحمه الله ney apni kitaab, “Salaf ka ‘ilm khalaf k ‘ilm sey behtar hai” mein kahan key ”  ‘ilm aik nur hai, jo dil mein samaata hai. Iskey saath gulaam sach ko samajhta hai, aur issi nur k saath woh huq aur baatil mein tafreeq kerta hai, aur iss nur ko woh mukhtasir alfazoun mein logoun tak pohonchaata hai taakey jo bhi maqsad hai woh pura ho sakey”.

“Nur hai, jo dil mein samaata hai” ka matlab rohaani fezaan sey nahi aur na to iska matlab yeh hai key koi banda/bandi soney k baad uthey aur ussey yeh lagey key ‘ilm uskey dil mein samaa gaya hai. Balkey iska sacha matlab yeh hai key yeh nur sirf usko milta hai jo key beintiha ‘ilm haasil kerta hai aur apney aap ko ibaadat ki raah mein masroof rakhta hai. Uskey dil mein aik bahut badi khuwaahish hoti hai key wo Rasoolallah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) ki payrawi karey aur jo ‘ilm usney haasil kiya hai, uspey woh pura amal karey aur dusroun ko sikhaye. Yeh Allah ki rah mein aik bahut bada muqaam hai. To jub bhi koi ghulam yeh muqaam haasil kerta hai, Allaah سبحانه و تعالى us bandey/bandi key dil mein quran aur sunnat ki samajh daal detay hain aur usko unmein shumaar kertay hain, jinkey paas samajh ho.